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【最新高考英语阅读理解练习题】

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最新高考英语阅读理解练习题 高考英语阅读练习(052) You would like to take good photographs of real-life situations but you have few ideas for pictures. I suggest you look around you. The everyday world is full of scenes being played by an ever-changing group of actors. You probably passed a dozen picture situations without noticing on your way to work this morning. The realistic approach to photograph has been perfected in the past by such maters as Henri Cartier-Bresson and Bill Brandt. But while you can learn a great deal from looking at the work of others, any success you can hope to achieve in this field has to come from developing an individual approach. The main requirement for any photographer has little to do with technical matters. You must develop an awareness of the world around you and the people who live in it, and you should learn to notice when a situation may develop to a point where you will be able to take a good picture. Those who have reached this happy state will be prepared when that moment comes, and will simply raise their camera quickly and shoot. Others who are not so aware will be struggling with camera cases and lens caps. Film manufactures must be delighted at the thought of the inexperienced photographer setting out in search of the right situation and the right moment. Many miles of costly material have passed through thousands of cameras as this endless search continues. But although a lot of this waste must be put down to inexperience, you"ll find that even the professionals have to use a lot of film when they are out shooting. Not every shot is going to be a winner. If you look at the work of even the best photographers, you"ll notice dozens of pictures have had to be taken only because they lead up to the successful shot of a situation that the photographer has obviously been observing through the lens. You may find that you have taken one or two pictures after the right moment has passed as well. There is seldom more than one shot which stands out. There is just one point where it all comes together, and you often have to waste film to catch that precious moment. 1. According to the passage, one can become a better real-life photographer by _____. A. watching other photographers at work B. learning about famous photographers C. just taking a great many photographs D. developing skills and ideas for yourself 2. The writer thinks that a photographer is required to _____. A. go out and search for unusual situations B. be highly skilled in camera techniques C. be able to tell when a good situation might come D. have a camera which is easy and quick to use 3. Most likely, to catch the right moment, one must _____. A. take pictures without too much preparation B. take a whole series of similar pictures C. take great care to set up the situation D. take one picture just at the right moment 4. Which of the following is TRUE? A. The waste of film in photography is essential to the production of good pictures. B. Film manufacturers usually enjoy pictures by inexperienced photographers. C. Only amateur photographers waste film in taking pictures. D. The waste of film, which is the result of poor choice of subject, is expensive and unnecessary. 5. The passage is _____. A. part of a book of camera instruction B. an advertisement for film C. a history of photography D. an introduction to photography KEY: 1. D 2. C 3. B 4. A 5. D 高考英语阅读练习(053) The Komodo lizard is the world"s largest lizard(蜥蜴). It was not discovered until this century and was named only in 1921. It was formerly found on three Indonesian islands: Komodo, Rintja and Flores. By the 1930"s, in spite of government protection, the population of this great lizard had been reduced to a few hundred. It was, however, still found on the three main islands and there were still lizards of over 4 metres in length. By 1963, after a period of only fifty years since its discovery, the entire population was based on Komodo. It is now unusual to see one as long as 3 metres. The lizard"s normal food consists mainly of wild goats and pigs, animals which the islanders also hunt. This, of course, means that the lizard often gets too little to eat. It will certainly die out soon its hunting and breeding(繁殖) grounds are protected more effectively. 1. The Indonesian government _____ Komodo lizards. A. thought it necessary to protect B. didn"t think it necessary to protect C. reduced the number of D. killed a few hundred of 2. By 1963, the Komodo lizard could be found _____. A. on three islands B. only on Komodo Island C. only on Rintja Island D. only on Flores Island 3. Which of the following is FALSE? A. There were only a few hundred Komodo lizards living by the 1930s. B. Nobody knew the present name of the animal before 1921. C. The islanders hunt too many Komodo lizards. D. The writer worries about the Komodo lizards.  KEY: 1. A 2. B 3. C 高考英语阅读练习(054) In the United States, it is not customary to telephone someone very early in the morning. If you telephone him early in the day, while he is shaving or having breakfast, the time of the call shows that the matter is very important and requires immediate attention. The same meaning is attached to telephone calls made after 11:00 p.m. If someone receives a call during sleeping hours, he assumes(想当然地认为)it"s a matter of life and death. The time chosen for the call communicates its importance. In social life, time plays a very important part. In the U.S.A. guests tend to feel they are not highly regarded if the attention to a dinner party is extended only three or four days before the party date. But it is not true in all countries. In other areas of the world, it may be considered foolish to make an appointment too far in advance because plans which are made for a date more than a week away tend to be forgotten. The meaning of time differs in different parts of the world. Thus, misunderstandings arise(产生) between people from cultures that treat time differently. Promptness is valued highly in American life, for example. If people are not prompt, they may be regarded as impolite or not fully responsible. In the U.S. no one would think if keeping a business associate waiting for an hour. It would be too impolite. A person who is 5 minutes late is expected to make a short apology. If he is less than 5 minutes late, he will say a few words of explanation, though perhaps he will not complete the sentence. 1. "The same meaning is attached to telephone calls after 11:00p.m." Here "attached" means _____. A. taken B. drawn C. given D. shown 2. According to this passage, time plays an important role in _____. A. everyday life B. school life C. communication D. private life 3. The best title for this passage is _____. A. The Voice of Time B. The Importance of Time C. The Importance of an Announcement D. Time and Tide Wait for No Man 4. According to the passage, the author of the article may agree to which of the following statements? A. It is appropriate to send your invitation cards three or four days before a dinner party date in U.S.A.. B. It may be appropriate to send your invitation cards to your guests three or four days before a dinner party date in some countries. C. It is best for one to make telephone calls at eight because it costs much less. D. If one is less than 5 minutes late, he has to make a short apology. KEY: 1. C 2. C 3. A 4. B 高考英语阅读练习(055) Trees should only be pruned(修剪) when there is a good and clear reason fordoing so and, fortunately, the number of such reasons is small. Pruning involves the cutting away of overgrown and unwanted branches, and the inexperienced gardener can be encouraged by the thought that more damage results from doing it unnecessarily than from leaving the tree to grow in its own way. First, pruning may be done to make sure that trees have a desired shape or size. The object may be to get a tree of the right height, and at the same time to help the growth of small side branches which will thicken its appearance or give it a special shape. Secondly, pruning may be done to make the tree healthier. You may cur out diseased or dead wood, or branches that are rubbing against each other and thus causing wounds. The health of a tree may be encouraged by removing the branches that are locking up the centre and so preventing the free movement of air. One result of pruning is that an open would is left on the tree and this provides an easy entry(进入)for diseases, but it is a wound that will heal. Often there is a race between the healing and the disease as to whether the tree will live or die, or that there is a period when the tree is at risk. It should be the aim of every gardener to reduce the risk as far as possible. It is essential to make the area which has been pruned smooth and clean, for healing will be slowed down by roughness. You should allow the cut surface to dry for a few hours and then paint it with one of the substances available from garden shops produced especially for this purpose. Pruning is usually done in winter, for then you can see the shape of the tree clearly without the interference(干扰) from the leaves and it is, too, very unlikely that the cuts you make will bleed. If this does happen, it is, of course, impossible to paint them properly. 1. According to the article,_____. A. damage is done to a tree if it is left to grow in its own way B. pruning is necessary when a tree has grown into a definite shape or size C. diseased or dead branches should be cut away if they are found to rub against each other D. growing side branches often prevent air from moving freely 2. Which of the following usually causes a tree to grow unhealthy? A. Giving a tree a special shape and a definite height B. Removing small side branches and making a tree look less thick C. Allowing too many branches to grow in the middle D. Having a tree surrounded by many other trees 3. The writer suggests that pruning should be done in winter because _____. A. the cut surface gets dry more quickly B. open wounds on the tree run the less risk of getting diseased C. a gardener can do pruning more easily D. wounds painted with a special substance heal quickly 4. The writer"s purpose when writing this passage is _____. A. to describe how pruning a tree is done B. to discuss different ways of pruning trees C. to give practical instructions for pruning a tree D. to explain how a tree wound gets diseased and heals KEY: 1. A 2. C 3. C 4. C 高考英语阅读练习(056) They think they"re lucky that they"re living and it"s Christmas again. They can"t see that we live on a dirty street in a shabby house among people who aren"t much good. Johnny and the children can"t see how pitiful it is that our neighbors have to make happiness out of this filth and dirt. My children must get out of this. But how? The money that we"ve saved isn"t nearly enough. The McGaritys have money, but they are show-offs with it. The McGarity girl just yesterday stood out there in the street eating from a bag of cookies while a ring of hungry children watched her. I saw those children looking at her and crying in their hearts, and when she couldn"t eat any more, she shrew the rest down the sewer(阴沟). Miss Jackson who teaches at the Settlement House isn"t rich, but she knows things. She understands people. Her eyes look straight into yours when she talks with you. Everybody else here looks away because they"re ashamed(羞愧)of their lives. I"d like to see the children be like Miss Jackson when they grew up. 1. The writer suggests that her family _____. A. is extremely rich B. is an unhappy one C. are accustomed to their life D. long for a change in their life 2. The McGarity girl is characterized as _____. A. selfish and cruel B. friendly and kind C. beautiful and proud D. rich and nice 3. The writer thinks Miss Jackson is _____. A. poor but brave B. friendly and talkative C. a teacher liked by all her pupils D. an example her children should follow 4. Which of the following is TRUE? A. The writer"s family is the poorest one on that street. B. Watching the rich girl eating cookies, those hungry children cried. C. The writer wants to move out of that district. D. The writer hopes that her children will become teachers. KEY: 1. C 2. A 3. D 4. C 高考英语阅读练习(057) The Komodo lizard is the world"s largest lizard(蜥蜴). It was not discovered until this century and was named only in 1921. It was formerly found on three Indonesian islands: Komodo, Rintja and Flores. By the 1930"s, in spite of government protection, the population of this great lizard had been reduced to a few hundred. It was, however, still found on the three main islands and there were still lizards of over 4 metres in length. By 1963, after a period of only fifty years since its discovery, the entire population was based on Komodo. It is now unusual to see one as long as 3 metres. The lizard"s normal food consists mainly of wild goats and pigs, animals which the islanders also hunt. This, of course, means that the lizard often gets too little to eat. It will certainly die out soon its hunting and breeding(繁殖) grounds are protected more effectively. 1. The Indonesian government _____ Komodo lizards. A. thought it necessary to protect B. didn"t think it necessary to protect C. reduced the number of D. killed a few hundred of 2. By 1963, the Komodo lizard could be found _____. A. on three islands B. only on Komodo Island C. only on Rintja Island D. only on Flores Island 3. Which of the following is FALSE? A. There were only a few hundred Komodo lizards living by the 1930s. B. Nobody knew the present name of the animal before 1921. C. The islanders hunt too many Komodo lizards. D. The writer worries about the Komodo lizards.  KEY: 1. A 2. B 3. C 高考英语阅读练习(058) In the United States, it is not customary to telephone someone very early in the morning. If you telephone him early in the day, while he is shaving or having breakfast, the time of the call shows that the matter is very important and requires immediate attention. The same meaning is attached to telephone calls made after 11:00 p.m. If someone receives a call during sleeping hours, he assumes(想当然地认为)it"s a matter of life and death. The time chosen for the call communicates its importance. In social life, time plays a very important part. In the U.S.A. guests tend to feel they are not highly regarded if the attention to a dinner party is extended only three or four days before the party date. But it is not true in all countries. In other areas of the world, it may be considered foolish to make an appointment too far in advance because plans which are made for a date more than a week away tend to be forgotten. The meaning of time differs in different parts of the world. Thus, misunderstandings arise(产生) between people from cultures that treat time differently. Promptness is valued highly in American life, for example. If people are not prompt, they may be regarded as impolite or not fully responsible. In the U.S. no one would think if keeping a business associate waiting for an hour. It would be too impolite. A person who is 5 minutes late is expected to make a short apology. If he is less than 5 minutes late, he will say a few words of explanation, though perhaps he will not complete the sentence. 1. "The same meaning is attached to telephone calls after 11:00p.m." Here "attached" means _____. A. taken B. drawn C. given D. shown 2. According to this passage, time plays an important role in _____. A. everyday life B. school life C. communication D. private life 3. The best title for this passage is _____. A. The Voice of Time B. The Importance of Time C. The Importance of an Announcement D. Time and Tide Wait for No Man 4. According to the passage, the author of the article may agree to which of the following statements? A. It is appropriate to send your invitation cards three or four days before a dinner party date in U.S.A.. B. It may be appropriate to send your invitation cards to your guests three or four days before a dinner party date in some countries. C. It is best for one to make telephone calls at eight because it costs much less. D. If one is less than 5 minutes late, he has to make a short apology. KEY: 1. C 2. C 3. A 4. B 高考英语阅读练习(059) Trees should only be pruned(修剪) when there is a good and clear reason fordoing so and, fortunately, the number of such reasons is small. Pruning involves the cutting away of overgrown and unwanted branches, and the inexperienced gardener can be encouraged by the thought that more damage results from doing it unnecessarily than from leaving the tree to grow in its own way. First, pruning may be done to make sure that trees have a desired shape or size. The object may be to get a tree of the right height, and at the same time to help the growth of small side branches which will thicken its appearance or give it a special shape. Secondly, pruning may be done to make the tree healthier. You may cur out diseased or dead wood, or branches that are rubbing against each other and thus causing wounds. The health of a tree may be encouraged by removing the branches that are locking up the centre and so preventing the free movement of air. One result of pruning is that an open would is left on the tree and this provides an easy entry(进入)for diseases, but it is a wound that will heal. Often there is a race between the healing and the disease as to whether the tree will live or die, or that there is a period when the tree is at risk. It should be the aim of every gardener to reduce the risk as far as possible. It is essential to make the area which has been pruned smooth and clean, for healing will be slowed down by roughness. You should allow the cut surface to dry for a few hours and then paint it with one of the substances available from garden shops produced especially for this purpose. Pruning is usually done in winter, for then you can see the shape of the tree clearly without the interference(干扰) from the leaves and it is, too, very unlikely that the cuts you make will bleed. If this does happen, it is, of course, impossible to paint them properly. 1. According to the article,_____. A. damage is done to a tree if it is left to grow in its own way B. pruning is necessary when a tree has grown into a definite shape or size C. diseased or dead branches should be cut away if they are found to rub against each other D. growing side branches often prevent air from moving freely 2. Which of the following usually causes a tree to grow unhealthy? A. Giving a tree a special shape and a definite height B. Removing small side branches and making a tree look less thick C. Allowing too many branches to grow in the middle D. Having a tree surrounded by many other trees 3. The writer suggests that pruning should be done in winter because _____. A. the cut surface gets dry more quickly B. open wounds on the tree run the less risk of getting diseased C. a gardener can do pruning more easily D. wounds painted with a special substance heal quickly 4. The writer"s purpose when writing this passage is _____. A. to describe how pruning a tree is done B. to discuss different ways of pruning trees C. to give practical instructions for pruning a tree D. to explain how a tree wound gets diseased and heals KEY: 1. A 2. C 3. C 4. C 高考英语阅读练习(060) They think they"re lucky that they"re living and it"s Christmas again. They can"t see that we live on a dirty street in a shabby house among people who aren"t much good. Johnny and the children can"t see how pitiful it is that our neighbors have to make happiness out of this filth and dirt. My children must get out of this. But how? The money that we"ve saved isn"t nearly enough. The McGaritys have money, but they are show-offs with it. The McGarity girl just yesterday stood out there in the street eating from a bag of cookies while a ring of hungry children watched her. I saw those children looking at her and crying in their hearts, and when she couldn"t eat any more, she shrew the rest down the sewer(阴沟). Miss Jackson who teaches at the Settlement House isn"t rich, but she knows things. She understands people. Her eyes look straight into yours when she talks with you. Everybody else here looks away because they"re ashamed(羞愧)of their lives. I"d like to see the children be like Miss Jackson when they grew up. 1. The writer suggests that her family _____. A. is extremely rich B. is an unhappy one C. are accustomed to their life D. long for a change in their life 2. The McGarity girl is characterized as _____. A. selfish and cruel B. friendly and kind C. beautiful and proud D. rich and nice 3. The writer thinks Miss Jackson is _____. A. poor but brave B. friendly and talkative C. a teacher liked by all her pupils D. an example her children should follow 4. Which of the following is TRUE? A. The writer"s family is the poorest one on that street. B. Watching the rich girl eating cookies, those hungry children cried. C. The writer wants to move out of that district. D. The writer hopes that her children will become teachers. KEY: 1. C 2. A 3. D 4. C 高考英语阅读练习(061) For those of you who where born in the year of the pig, good luck and much success! This is your year. When talking to a Westerner, however, you’ve got to be a little careful when you talk about pigs. Chinese people view the pig as a smart (聪明) and prosperous (rich, lucky) animal. Western ideas tend to be a little more negative(否定的). A pig in the West is seen as a dirty, lazy, and fat animal. If anyone ever called you a pig, you wouldn’t be smiling. When a person doesn’t like someone, sometimes he will call that person a pig. If you ever meet a Westerner who was born in the year of the pig, don’t say, “Oh, you’re a pig!” Most Westerners will be understanding. They will be sure that you made some kind of a mistake. However, don’t take any chances. You might just offend(触怒)someone who does not share your positive(积极)ideas about pigs. 1. You gave to be careful when you talk to a Westerner about pigs because______. A. they worship pigs best of all B. they consider pigs as bad animals C. they aren’t used to talking about pigs. D. they don’t like the topic about pigs at all 2. According to the passage we can see that Chinese people think of the pig as a _______ animal. A. clever B. rich C. good D. all the above 3. A Westerner will call someone a pig if he _______ that man. A. dislikes B. is afraid of C. looks up to D. makes fun of 4. When you call a Westerner a pig, who was born in the year of the pig, most of them ___________. A. will be angry B. will be very surprised C. can forgive(原谅) D. may quarrel with you 5.From the passage we can conclude that _________. A. different people have different ideas about the same thing B. Westerners do not like pigs as much as the Chinese C. in general, Westerners and the Chinese don’t like pigs D. all of the Chinese like pigs better than Westerners Keys: 1-5 BDACA 高考英语阅读练习(062) My elder brother Steve, in the absence of my father who died when I was six, gave me important lessons in values that helped me grow into an adult. For instance, Steve taught me to face the results of my behavior. Once when I returned in tears from a Saturday baseball game, it was Steve who took the time to ask me what happened. When I explained that my baseball had soared through Mrs. Holt’s basement window, breaking the glass with a crash, Steve encouraged me to confess to her. After all, I should have been playing in the park down Fifth Street and not in the path between buildings. Although my knees knocked as I explained to Mrs. Holt, I offered to pay for the window from my pocket money if she would return my ball. I also learned from Steve that personal property is a sacred thing. After I found a shiny silver pen in my fifth-grade classroom, I wanted to keep it, but Steve explained that it might be important to someone else in spite of the fact that it had little value. He reminded me of how much I’d hate to lose to someone else the small dog my father carved from a piece of cheap wood. I returned the pen to my teacher, Mrs. Davids, and still remembered the smell of her perfume as she patted me on my shoulder. Yet of all the instructions Steve gave me, his respect for life is the most vivid in my mind. When I was twelve I killed and old brown sparrow in the yard with a BB gun. Excited with my accuracy, I screamed to Steve to come from the house to take a look. I shall never forget the way he stood for a long moment and stared at the bird on the ground. Then in a dead, quiet voice, he asked, “Did it hurt you first, Mark?” I didn’t know what to answer. He continued with his eyes firm, “The only time you should even think of hurting a living thing is if it hurts you first. And then you think a long, long time. “ I really felt terrible then, but that moment stands out as the most important lesson my brother taught me. 1. What is the main subject of the passage? A. The relationship between mark and Steve. B. The important lesson Mark learned in school C. Steve’s important role in mark’s growing process. D. Mark and Steve’s respect for living things. 2. It can be inferred from the passage that when mark confessed to Mrs. Holt, __________. A. he felt surprised B. he was light-hearted C. he felt frightened D. he knelt before her 3. In the story about the pen, which of the following lessons did Steve teach his brother? A. Respect for personal property. B. Respect for life. C. Sympathy for people with problems. D. The value of honesty. 4. According to the writer, which was the most important lesson Steve taught his young brother? A. Respect for living things. B. Responsibility for one’s actions. C. The value of the honesty. D. Care for the property of others. 5. Which of the follow is true according to the passage? A. Mark was still a boy when he wrote this passage. B. Mark lost the small dog his father carved. C. When a living thing hurts you, you should kill it. D. Even if a living thing hurts you, you should not kill it without hesitation. Keys: 1-5 CCAAD 高考英语阅读练习(063) The Man of Many Secretsharry Houdini was one of the greatest American entertainers in the theater this century. He was a man famous for his escapes form prison cells, from wooden boxes floating in rivers, from locked tanks full of water. He appeared in theaters all over Europe and America. Crowds came to see the great Houdini and his “magic” tricks. Of course, his secret was not magic, or supernatural powers. It was simply strength. He had the ability to move his toes as well as he moved his fingers. He could move his body into almost any position he wanted. Houdini started working in the entertainment world when he was 17, in 1891. He and his brother Theo performed card tricks in a club in New York. they called themselves the Houdini Brothers. When Harry married in 1894, he and his wife Bess worked together as magician and assistant. But for a long time they were not very successful. Then Harry performed his first prison escape, in Chicago in 1898. harry persuaded a detective to let him try to escape from the prison, and he invited the local newspapermen to watch. It was the publicity that came from this the started Hayyr Houdini’s success. Harry had fingers trained to escape from handcuffs and toes trained to escape from ankle chains. But his biggest secret was how he unlocked the prison doors. Every time he went into the prison cell, Bess gave him a kiss for good luckand a small skeleton key, which is a key that fits many locks, passed quickly from her mouth to his. Harry used these prison escapes to build his fame. he arranged to escape from the local jail of every town he visited. In the afternoon, the people of the town would read about it in their local newspapers, and in the evening every seat in the local theater would be full. What was the result? World-wide fame, and a name remembered today. 1. According to the passage, houdini’s success in prison escapes depends on ________. A. his magic tricks and unhuman powers B. his special tricks and a skeleton key C. his unusual ability and a skeleton key D. his unhuman talents and magic tricks 2. In the fourth paragraph, the world “this” refers to ________. A. the previous sentence B. “the publicity” C. the place, Chicago D. the time, 1898 3. According to the passage, how did Houdini get the key which helped him unlock prison doors? A. He took the key from his wife’s mouth. B. His wife passed it to his hand while kissing him. C. His wife gave it to him by a magic trick. D. He got it in his mouth through a kiss by the wife. 4. It can be inferred from the passage that Houdini became famous _________. A. when he was about 24 B. when he was about 17 C. after the year 1894 D. before the year 1898 5. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true? A. Houdini used to be a famous magician in the USA. B. Houdini was first recognized widely in Chicago. C. Houdini entered the entertainment world together with his wife. D. Houdini owed his great success to his small skeleton key. Keys: 1-5 CADAB 高考英语阅读练习(064) How often one hears children wishing they were grown up, and old people wishing they were young again. Each age has its pleasures and its pains, and the happiest person is the one who enjoys what each age gives him without wasting his time in useless regrets. Childhood is a time when there are few responsibilities to make life difficult. If a child has good parents, he is fed, looked after and loved, whatever he may do. It is impossible that he will ever again in his life be given so much without having to do anything in return. in addition, life is always presenting new things to the child-things that have lost their interest for older people because they are too well-known. But a child has his parents, he is not so free to do what he wishes to do;

he is continually being told not to do things or being punished for what he has done wrong. When the young man starts to earn his own living, he can no longer expect others to pay for his food, his clothes, and his room, but has to work if he wants to live comfortably. If he spends most of his time playing about in the way that he used to as a child, he will go hungry. And if he breaks the laws of society as he used to break the laws of his parents, he may go to prison. If, however, he works hard, keeps out of trouble and has good health, he can have the great happiness of building up for himself his own position in society. 1. According to the second paragraph, the writer thinks that _______. A. life for a child is comparatively easy B. a child is always loved whatever he does C. if much is given to a child, he must do something in return D. only children are interested in life 2. After a child grows up, he ________. A. will have little time playing B. has to be successful in finding a job C. can still ask for help in time of trouble D. should be able to take care of himself 3. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage? A. People are often satisfied with their life. B. Life is less interesting for old people. C. Adults are freer to do what they want to do. D. Adults should no longer rely on others. 4. The main idea of the passage is _________. A. life is not enjoyable since each age has some pains B. young men can have the greatest happiness if they work hard C. childhood is the move enjoyable time in one’s life D. one is the happiest if he can make good use of each age in his life 5. The paragraph following this passage will most probably discuss _________. A. examples of successful young men B. how to build up one’s position in society C. joys and pains of old people D. what to do when one has problems in life Keys: 1-5 ADADC 高考英语阅读练习(065) There is a definite possibility that the climate of the world may be changing. Some scientists imagine that this could even mean the beginning of another ice age. The effects of such a change in climate on the human population of the world would be startling(惊人的). Recent research suggests that the general warming tend of the past hundred years or so may be coming to an end. During the past ten years, meteorologists tell us the average temperature of the earth has dropped about one degree Fahrenheit. This does not seem like much, but it could have effects on wind and rain patterns which influence the overall weather picture. If these patterns change a lot, it could mean that certain regions of the world may continue to have long droughts while others will possibly suffer from widespread flooding. What regulates(调节)the climate is not exactly known. Meteorologists believe that clouds may be an important factor in regulating the amount of solar(太阳的)heat held by the earth, which in turn determines he temperature of the planet. Another possibility is that man’s industrial and agricultural methods may be affecting the natural weather patterns. However, the weather is not understood well enough for scientists to say for certain what is happening to the climate and what side effects this will actually have on the word’s population. 1. According to the text, the climate of the world seems to ______. A. be getting colder B. be getting warmer C. remain the same in the past ten years D. have good effects on the world’s population 2. According to what you have read, Which of the following is turn? A. Man’s activities have no effect on the climate. B. Another ice age will come soon. C. People don’t care about the changing climate. D. Scientists are not yet sure about the reason for the changing climate. 3. A meteorologist is a person who ______. A. reads weather forecasts on radio or television B. thinks there will be another ice age C. studies and knows about the weather D. believes there will be widespread flooding 4. Which of the following may be factors that affect the natural weather patterns? A. Clouds B. The amount of heat the earth receives C. Man’s industrial and agricultural methods D. All of the above 5. A best title for the text would be ______. A. Droughts and Floods B. Meteorologists C. Changing Climate D. Solar Heat Keys: 1-5 ADCDC 高考英语阅读练习(066) Ternang, Mon, More than 10,000 people were made homeless in Ternang after six days of continuous heavy rain. The wooden bridge across the river has been swept away. The town is cut by flood eaters. At the fifth mile Jalan Tengku, the water is now two metres deep. It is closed to all traffic. Motorists going south are advised to use Jalan Hisamuddin. Flooding first appeared at mid-afternoon yesterday along the river banks. People moving to higher ground were just in time to escape from the flood. Most of the people had to leave their possessions behind. Helped by the army, police, Red Cross Society, the whole town was moved out of danger. They are now housed near the town of Tulang. “Everything possible is being done to help the unfortunate people,” a government official said, “In fact, money, food and clothing have begun to come in from organizations and people. “ According to the latest reports it is still raining heavily at Ternang. The whole town is expected to be totally covered. So far nobody has been reported dead. 1. Jalan Tengku was closed because ______. A. it had broken up B. the bridge over it had been washed away C. it was deeply flooded D. it was damaged 2. Motorists to the south were advised to ______. A. return home B. avoid all roads C. move the higher ground D. travel by Jalan Hisamuddin 3. The flood victims first escaped to ______. A. the nearby town B. Jalan Hisamuddin C. higher ground D. Tulang 4. The people are staying ______. A. at a newspaper office B. at a police station C. in Tulang D. on their roof tops 5. The flood is expected to ______. A. go down B. cause more rain C. become worse D. kill more people Keys: 1-5 CDCCC 高考英语阅读练习(067) A bar owner locked up the door of his bar at 2 a. m. and went home to sleep. He had been in bed only a few minutes when the phone rang. “What time do you open up in the morning?” he heard an obviously drunken man ask. The owner was so angry that he slammed down(砰地放下)the receiver and went back to bed. A few minutes later there was another call and he heard the same voice ask the same question. “Listen,” the owner shouted, “there is no sense in asking me what time I open because I wouldn’t let a person in your condition in. “I don’t want to get in,” the caller interrupted, “I want to get out. “ 1. The business ended ______. A. at two o’clock before midnight B. at two o’clock after noon C. at two o’clock after midnight D. at two o’clock in the afternoon 2. It’s clear that the caller ______. A. enjoyed himself very much B. had eaten a lot of rice C. drank a lot of wine D. wanted to drink more 3. At first the owner thought ______. A. the caller wanted to drink in his bar B. it too late to enter his bar C. it impolite to phone him at that time D. it of no sense to ask him such a question 4. “What time do you open up?” shows that ______. A. the caller didn’t know the exact time when that bar opened B. the caller was anxious to go to his bar to drink C. the caller left something in the bar and he wanted to find it D. the caller wanted to get out 5. The drunken man made two phone calls to the bar owner ______. A. at a phone booth(公用电话间) B. inside the bar C. at home D. in a hotel Keys: 1-5 CCADB 高考英语阅读练习(068) The human nose has given to the language of the world many interesting expressions. Of course, this is not surprising. Without the nose, we could not breathe or smell. It is the part of the face that gives a person special character. Cyrano de Bergerac said that a large nose showed a great man courageous, manly and wise. A famous woman poet wished that she had two noses to smell a rose! Blaise Pascal made an interesting remark about Cleopatra’s(古埃及王后)nose. If it had been shorter, he said, it would have changed the whole face of the world! Man’s nose has had an important role in his imagination. Man has referred to the nose in many ways to express his emotions. Expressions dealing with the nose refer to human weakness: anger, pride, jealousy(嫉妒)and revenge(报复). In English there are a number of phrases about the nose. For example, to hold up one’s nose expressed a basic human feelingpride. People can hold up their hoses at people, things and places. The phrase, to be led around by the nose, shows man’s weakness. A person who is led around by the nose lets other people control him. On the other hand, a person who follows his nose lets his instinct(本能)guide him. There are a number of others. However, it should be as plain as the nose on your face that the nose in more than an organ for breathing and smelling. 1. The passage is about ______. A. an organ, with which people can breathe and smell B. the nose, which gives different and useful expressions C. the nose giving a person special character D. interesting remarks about the nose made by some people 2. From the passage we know ______. A. “Cleopatra’s nose” changed the whole face of the world indeed. B. Cleopatra had a strong will to change the whole look of the world C. Cleopatra’s nose was not short D. Cleopatra hoped that people would change the whole face of the world 3. The nose expressed ______. A. some human weakness or other B. people’s shortcomings C. people’s different emotions D. human feeling in bad sense 4. A person who follows his nose ______. A. won’t take others’ advice B. is easily controlled by others C. is weak-minded D. has will of his own 5. How many expressions about the nose are mentioned in the passage? A. Two B. Three C. Four D. Five Keys: 1-5 BCCDC 高考英语阅读练习(069) A thief entered the bedroom of the 30th President of the United States, who met him and helped him escape punishment. The event happened in the early morning hours in one of the first days when Calvin Coolidge came into power, late in August, 1923.He and his family were living in the same third-floor suite (套房) at the Willard Hotel in Washington that they had occupied several years before.The former President’s wife was still living in the White House. Coolidge awoke to see a stranger go through his clothes, remove a wallet and a watch chain. Coolidge spoke, “I wish you wouldn’t take that.” The thief, gaining his voice, said, “Why?” “I don’t mean the watch and chain, only the charm (表坠).Take it near the window and read what is impressed on its back, “ the President said. The thief read, “Presented to Calvin Coolidge.” “Are you President Coolidge ? “ he asked. The President answered, “Yes, and the House of Representatives (众议院) gave me that watch charm.I’m fond of it.It would do you no good.You want money.Let’s talk this over.” Holding up the wallet, the young man said in a low vioce, “I’ll take this and leave everything else.” Coolidge, knowing there was $80 in it, persuaded the young man to sit down and talk.He told the President he and his college roommate had overspent during their holiday and did not have enough money to pay their hotel bill. Coolidge added up the roommate and two rail tickets back to the college.Then he counted out $32 said it was a loan (借款). He then told the young man, “There is a guard in the corridor.” The young man nodded and left through the same window as he had entered. 1.What caused the thief to meet the President? A.He knew the President had lots of money. B.He knew the President lived in the suite. C.He wanted to be a rich businessman. D.He wanted to steal some money. 2.Why did Calvin Coolidge live at the Willard Hotel in those days? A.Because the former President was still living in the White House. B.Because the former First Lady hadn’t left the White House. C.Because the First Lady liked to live there. D.Because he liked there. 3.Coolidge counted out $32 ______. A.in order not to be killed by the thief B.in order to be out of danger C.so as to help the young student overcome his difficulty D.because he had no more money 4.The young man’s roommate went back to the college ______. A.by air B.by water C.by bus D.by train 5.Which of the following might happen afterwards? A.The young student repaid the$32. B.The thief was put into prison. C.The President told many reporters the thief’s name. D.The President ordered the young man to repay the money. Keys: 1-5 DBCDA 高考英语阅读练习(070) Homing pigeons are placed in a training program from about the time they are twenty-eight days of age.They are taught to enter the loft through a trap and to exercise above and around the loft and gradually they are taken away for short distance in wicker baskets and released.They are then expected to find their way home in the shortest possible time. In their training flights or in actual races, the birds are taken to prearranged distant points and released to find their way back to their own lofts.Once the birds are liberated, their owners, who are standing by at the home lofts, anxiously watch the sky for the return of their entries.Since time is of the essence (本质) the speed with which the birds can be induced to enter the loft trap may make the difference between gaining a win or a second place. The head of a homing pigeon is comparatively small, but its brain is one quarter larger than that of the ordinary pigeon.The homing pigeon is very intelligent and will persevere to the point of stubbornness (顽强) ;
some have been known to fly a hundred miles off course to avoid a storm. Some homing pigeon experts claim that this bird is gifted with a form of built-in radar that helps it find its own loft after hours of flight, for hidden under the headfeathers are two very sensitive ears, while the sharp prominent (突出的) eyes can see great distances in daytime. Why do homing pigeons fly home? They are not unique in this inherent skill;

it is found in most migratory birds, in bees, ants, toads and even turtles, which have been known to travel hundreds of miles to return to their homes.But in the animal world, the homing pigeon alone can be trusted with its freedom and trained to carry out the missions that people demand. 1.What is the purpose of the passage? A.To convince the reader to buy a homing pigeon. B.To inform the reader about homing pigeons and their training. C.To protect homing pigeons against the threat of extinction. D.To encourage the owners of homing pigeons to set the birds free. 2.According to the passage, what happens to homing pigeons when they are about a month old? A.They are kept in a trap. B.They enter their first race. C.They begin a training program. D.They get their wings clipped and marked. 3.According to the passage, what is the difference between a homing pigeon and an ordinary one? A.The span of the wings. B.The shape of the eyes. C.The texture of the feathers. D.The size of the brain. 4.The underlined word “it” refers to which of the following? A.radar B.bird C.loft D.form 5.Why does the author mention bees, ants, toads and turtles in the last paragraph? A.To describe some unusual kinds of pets. B.To measure distances traveled by various animals. C.To compare their home-finding abilities with those of homing pigeons. D.To interest the reader in learning about other animals. Keys: 1-5BCDBC 高考英语阅读练习(071) The temperature of the sun is over 5000 degrees Fahrenheit at the surface, but it rises to perhaps more than 16 million degrees at the center.The sun is so much hotter than the earth that matter can exist only as a gas, except at the core.In the core of the sun, the pressures are so great against the gases that, despite the high temperature, there may be a small solid core.However, no one really knows, since the center of the sun can never be directly observed. Solar astronomers do know that the sun is divided into five layers or zones.Starting at the outside and going down into the sun, the zones are the corona, chromosphere, photosphere, convection zone and finally the core.The first three zones are regarded as the sun’s atmosphere.But since the sun has no solid surface, it is hard to tell where the atmosphere ends and the main body of the sun begins. The sun’s outermost layer begins about 10000 miles above the visible(可见的) surface and goes outward for millions of miles.This is the only part of the sun that can be seen during an eclipse (食) such as the one in February 1979.At any other time, the corona can be seen only when special instruments are used on cameras and telescopes to shut out the glare of the sun’s rays. The corona is a brilliant, pearly white, filmy light, about as bright as the full moon.Its beautiful rays are a sensational sight during an eclipse.The corona’s rays flash out in a brilliant fan that has wispy spikelike (一束束穗状) rays near the sun’s north and south poles.The corona is thickest at the sun’s equator. The corona rays are made up of gases streaming outward at tremendous speeds and reaching a temperature of more than 2 million degrees Fahrenheit.The rays of gas thin out as they reach the space around the planets.By the time the sun’s corona rays reach the Earth, they are weak and invisible. 1.Matter on the sun can exist only in the form of gas because of the sun’s ______. A.size B.age C.location D.temperature 2.With what topic is the second paragraph mainly concerned? A.How the Sun evolved. B.The structure of the Sun. C.Why scientists study the Sun. D.The distance of the Sun from the planets 3.All of the following are parts of the sun’s atmosphere EXCEPT the ______. A.corona B.chromosphere C.photosphere D.core 4.According to the passage, as the corona rays reach the planets, they become ______. A.hotter B.clearer C.thinner D.stronger 5.The paragraphs following the passage most likely discuss which of the following? A.The remaining layers of the sun. B.The evolution of the sun to its present form. C.The eclipse of February 1979. Keys: 1-5 DBDCA 高考英语阅读练习(072) Having no language, infants cannot be told what they need to learn.Yet by the age of three they will have mastered the basic structure of their native language and will be well on their way to communicative competence (能力).Acquiring (取得) their language is a most impressive intellectual feat.Students of how children learn language generally agree that the most remarkable aspect (方面) of this feat is the rapid acquisition of grammar.Nevertheless, the ability of children to conform to grammatical rules is only slightly more wonderful than their ability to learn words.It has been reckoned that the average high school graduate in the United States has a reading vocabulary of 80000 words, which includes idiomatic expressions and proper names of people and places.This vocabulary must have been learned over a period of 16 years.From the figures, it can be calculated that the average child learns at a rate of about 13 new words per day.Clearly a learning process of great complexity goes on at a rapid rate in children. 1.What is the main subject of the passage? A.Language acquisition in children. B.Teaching languages to children. C.How to memorize words. D.Communicating with infants. 2.The underlined word “feat” is closest in meaning to which of the following? A.experiment B.idea C.activity D.accomplishment 3.The underlined word “reckoned” is closest in meaning to which of the following? A.suspected B.estimated C.proved D.said 4.The underlined word “which” refers to ______ . A.their ability B.reading vocabulary C.idiomatic expression D.learning process 5.According to the passage, what is impressive about the way children learn vocabulary? A.They learn words before they learn grammar. B.They learn even very long words. C.They learn words very quickly. D.They learn the most words in high school. Keys: 1-5 ADBBC 高考英语阅读练习(073) Two American scientists told the people in industrial nations that they would be much healthier if they ate more of the same kind of foods eaten by humans living more than 10,000 years ago. The scientists say that the human body has changed very little since human first appeared on earth, but the way we live has changed greatly.Our body has not been able to deal with these changes in life style and this has led to new kinds of sicknesses.These new sicknesses were not known in ancient times.So they are called “diseases of civilization(文明)”.Many cancers(癌) and diseases of the blood system, including heart attacks and strokes(中风) are examples of such diseases. Scientists noted that early stone-age people used very little alcohol(酒精)or tabacco, probably none.Ancient people also got a great deal of physical exercise, but a change in food is one of the main differences between life in ancient times and life today. Stone-age people hunted wild animals for their meat, which had much less fat than farm animals.They also ate a lot of fresh wild vegetables, and fruits.They did not use milk and other dairy products(乳制品), and they made very little use of grains.But today, we eat a large amount of dairy products and grain foods.We eat six times more salt than stone-age people.We eat more sugar.We eat twice as much fat but only one third as much protein(蛋白质)and much less vitamin(维生素)C. People today probably do not want to live as people thousands of years ago did, but scientists say that we would be much healthier if we ate as those ancient people did, cutting the amount of fatty, salty and sweet foods. 1.The people in industrial nations would be much healthier if they ate ______. A.more foods as humans living 10,000 years ago did B.as humans living 10,000 years ago ate C.more kinds of food eaten by people living over 10,000 years ago D.more of the same kinds of foods eaten by people over 10,000 years ago 2.New kinds of sicknesses have been found because ______ A.the human body has changed compared with human first appeared on earth B.the way we live has changed a little C.our body can’t deal with the changes in life style D.the way we live today are proper for the human body 3.What is the main cause mentioned in the article why people suffer from a lot of new sicknesses? A.Ancient people did a great deal of physical exercise. B.People today have a lot of alcohol. C.People today have more tobacco. D.Food is quite different between life today and life in ancient times. 4.Stone-age people were much healthier than people today because they ate a lot of ______. A.milk and other dairy products B.grain foods and farm animals C.salt and sugar D.wild animals, fresh wild vegetables and fruits 5.From this article, we know that ______ are not good to our health. A.protein and vitamin C B.milk and grain foods C.wild animals, vegetables and fruits D.a huge amount of fatty, salty and sweet foods Keys: 1-5 DCDDD 高考英语阅读练习(074) Shanghai is the largest city in China.About eleven million people make their homes in Shanghai and its suburbs(郊区).This enormous(巨大的)city spreads out along the banks of the Huang Pu River, which flows into the mouth of the Yangtze River about fourteen miles north of here.Large oceangoing ships travel to Shanghai by way of the Yanggze and the Huang Pu. Shanghai was a small, unimportant city until 1842 when China lost a war with Great Britain.The British realized that Shanghai was in an excellent location(位置) to serve as a seaport for the densely(密集) populated Yangtze River Plain.They forced the Chinese to allow English traders to settle on the wastelands outside the city walls.Later, French, American, and Japanese traders also came to Shanghai.The foreigners built whole new sections of Shanghai, including homes, stores, factories, and office buildings.Thousands of Chinese poured into Shanghai in search of jobs.Most of them settled in the old part of the city.As time passed, shanghai became one of the busiest seaports in the world. 1.According to the article, the population inside the city of Shanghai is ______ A.eleven million B.less than eleven million C.more than eleven million D.about eleven million 2.The Huang Pu River is connected with ______ at a spot about fourteen miles ______ of the city. A.the Yangtze……north B.the city…north C.the mouth of Huang Pu River…north D.Yangtze River…south 3.Before 1842, the Yangtze River Plain was ______. A.very developed B.densely populated C.at a war with Great Britain D.a small, unimportant city 4.The British first settled on the land because ______. A.they wanted to build stores here B.they thought the place was beautiful C.they realized that it was a very good location for a seaport D.they wanted to have a war here 5.A lot of Chinese came into Shanghai to ______. A.visit the city B.trade with foreigners C.build one of the busiest seaports D.look for jobs Keys: 1-5 BABCD 高考英语阅读练习(075) In 1986, Willie Mays was paid $ 125,000 to play baseball, but the $ 80,000 a year earned by Babe Ruth, the homerun king of the early 1930’s, went a great deal farther.The two men paid greatly different amounts for federal taxes and consumer goods.read what Dr Lawrence Ritter had to say on this matter.Dr Ritter is chairman of the department of finance(财政)at New York University’s graduate school of business. “On his $ 80,000 Ruth paid $ 11,500 in federal income taxes, giving him a takehome pay of $ 68,500.On his $ 125,000 Mays paid a federal income tax of $ 73,000, leaving $ 52,000 in take-home pay.In addition, consumer prices today are about 2.2 times as high as they were in 1931.At today’s prices, Mays’ $ 52,000 takehome bay would buy what $ 23,000 would have bought in 1931.In terms of purchasing(购买) power, Mays’ Salary(薪水) was worth only about one-third of Ruth’s.” 1.The best title for this passage is ______. A.Poor Willie B.Rich Babe C.Rising Price D.Too Much Tax 2.The passage seems truthful because ______. A.it is about real people B.Dr Ritter is a famous professor C.it gives exact figures(数字) D.it is well written 3.Which of the following is true? A.Ruth had bigger salary. B.Mays got more take-home pay. C.Ruth had bigger purchasing power. D.Mays could spend less money on consumer goods. 4.Mays’ federal income tax is ______ higher than Ruth’s. A.14.4% B.58.4% C.44% D.16.8% 5.From the passage we can conclude that ______. A.the United States is getting richer and richer B.the dollar today is worth less than it was in the thirties C.American people are paid today less than in 1931 D.Amercian sportsmen become poorer and poorer Keys: 1-5 ACCCB 高考英语阅读练习(076) The Antarctic(南极地区)is actually a desert.It is the only continent on the earth without a river or a lake. The Antarctic is all ice all year round.The warmest temperature ever recorded there is zero, at the south Pole.Explorers used to think that a place so cold would have a heavy snowfall.But less than ten inches of snow falls each year.That is less than half an inch of water.Ten times that much moisture(水分) falls in parts of the Sahara. The little snow that falls in Antarctica(南极)never melts.It continues to pile up deeper and deeper year after year and century after century.When the snow gets to be about eighty feet deep, it is turned to ice by the weight of the snow above it. 1.Antarctica is called a desert because it ______. A.is sandy B.has the same temperature as desert C.has little moisture and no lakes or rivers D.all of the above 2.The Antarctic has ______. A.ten times as much moisture as the Sahara B.the same amount of moisture as the Sahara C.about one-tenth the moisture of the Sahara D.none of these 3.The snow in Antarctica is very deep because it ______. A.never stops falling B.piles up year after year C.never melts D.both B and C 4.The snow turns to ice when ______. A.it gets wet B.the temperature gets colder C.the next snowfall comes D.the snow above it is heavy enough 5.The best title for this passage is ______. A.A Strange Continent B.the AntarcticAn Ice C.Snowfall at the South Pole D.the World’s Greatest Desert Keys: 1-5 CCDDB 高考英语阅读练习(077) By following the footsteps on the muddy road, the dog guided us to a small house.I waved to my comrades and we came near to a window.Looking in we found a man turning his radio set or operating some other instruments, possibly trying to get in touch with someone.He suddenly turned round.He must have sensed that there was something wrong.The danger he was in hit him.He picked up his gun, opened the door as quickly as possible, and rushed out, trying to flee.He was out of breath when he saw us closing in and let out a cry in despair(绝望). 1.What does the phrase “closing in” in this passage mean? A.“Shooting at” B.“Coming nearer in order to attack” C.“Making a quick attack” D.“Asking someone to give in” 2.From the story we can infer that ______ A.the police searched for a spy and caught him in the end B.a group of children were playing the game of hide and seek C.the police found the man by chance D.the man was brave enough to face those people 3.From the passage, we can imagine that in the end ______. A. the man was caught easily B.the man was caught after a good fighting C.the man was shot dead D.the man would rather die than give in Key: 1─3 BAA 高考英语阅读练习(078) When my first wartime Christmas came, I was in basic training in New Jersey and not sure if I could make it home for the holidays.Only on the afternoon of December 23 was the list of men who would have three-day passes posted.I was one of the lucky soldiers.It was Christmas Eve when I arrived home, and a light snow had fallen.Mother opened the front door.I could see beyond her, into the corner of the living room where the tree had always stood.There were lights, all colors, and ornaments(装饰物)shining against the green of a pine. “Where did it come from?” I asked. “I asked the Gates boy to cut it,” my mother said.“I wouldn’t have had one just for myself, but when called-oh, such a rush! He just brought it in this afternoon…” The pine reached to the proper height, almost to the ceiling, and the Tree Top Krystal Star was its place.A few green branches reached about a little awkwardly(不够美观地)at the side, I thought, and there was a bit of bare trunk showing in the middle.But the tree filled the room with warm light and the whole house with the pleasant smell of Christmas. “It’s not like the one you used to find,” my mother went on.“Yours were always in good shape.I suppose the Gates boy didn’t know where to look.But I couldn’t be fussy(挑剔的).” “Don’t worry,” I told her.“It’s perfect.” It wasn’t, of course, but at the moment I realized something for the first time:
all Christmas trees are perfect. 1.From the passage, we can infer that ______. A.the writer spent his first Christmas during the war B.soldiers did not all go home for Christmas during the war C.all the soldiers had three-day passes D.the writer could not go home for Christmas 2.When the writer got home, ______. A.it was December 23 B.it was snowing heavily C.he found a Christmas tree in the living room D.the Gates boy was cutting a Christmas tree for his mother 3.From this passage, we can conclude that ______. A.the writer used to cut very beautiful Christmas trees B.his mother didn’t like perfect trees C.his mother didn’t want to have a tree D.the writer wouldn’t have a tree cut by someone else 4.“All Christmas trees are perfect”, because they can remind you of ______. A.the wartime B.the green of a pine C.the pleasant smell D.the sweet home 5.The best title for this passage would be “______”. A.How to Choose a Christmas Tree B.How Soldiers Spent Christmas C.The Perfect Christmas Tree D.The Christmas Without a Tree Key: 1-5 BCADC 高考英语阅读练习(079) Nowadays,most employees of local high-tech industries are below the age of 35,and for newly rising industries such as computer software and the Internet, the figure is below 30.People in this age bracket(阶层) are known as Generation-X,which is made up of those born between 1963 and 1981(i. e. those aged between 17 and 35).Compared with those born from 1946 to 1960,Generation-X are typically independent, they also have their shortcomings.Employers often complain that Generation-X are a group hard to manage.Although willingness and enthusiasm(热情)are highly valued by Generation-X,they will not accept orders blindly.In short,Generation-X will not accept authoritarian(权力主义) leadership.They expect their leaders to have a detailed understanding of the job, and most importantly,to treat them as an important member of them-as partners. As a result, managing Generation-X employees is not only a science but also an art.There are basic guidelines to follow in managing them and helping them perform at their best:
1.Support them in their quest(追求)for knowledge skills;

2.Room for creativity and failure:
3.Provide frequent and timely feedback(反馈);

4.Provide communication channels If managers follow these basic guidelines, they may find that the employees they once considered as young, selfish and uncontrollable turn out to be responsible, energetic team players. 1.Generation-X in this article refers to the group of people who are______. A.educated employees below the age of 35 B.young hard-working workers in factories C.disliked by the managers D.born after the year of 1963 2.From the article we know that the writer ______. A.thinks highly of Generation-X B.feels disappointed with Generation-X C.has a perfect understanding of Generation-X D.suggests that the managers be strict with Generation-X 3.Employers often complain about Generation-X because ______. A.these young people will not accept their leadership B.they don’t understand their employees’ job C.managing this group of people is no easy job D.they don’t know how to manage and help this group of people 4.If you were a manager working with Generation-X, you should ______. A.treat them as equals and encourage them to try new ideas B.give them orders frequently and make them work hard C.let them know they are selfish and uncontrollable D.warn them that they may lose jobs at any time Key: 1─4 ACDAD 高考英语阅读练习(080) A spell checker is a program that checks the spelling of every word in a document by looking up each word in its dictionary.If the word does not appear in the dictionary, the user is alerted to a possible misspelling, and possible corrections are often suggested.Many word processing(处理) programs include spell checkers.An effective spell checker needs to store a large number of words using efficient data(数据) compression(压缩) techniques, and it must be able to search the list quickly with a binary(二进位的) search.A spell checker will not recognize unusual proper names or specialized terms, but it will often allow you to create your own personal dictionary of specialized words you often use.Spell checkers are valuable aids to proofreading, but they cannot catch the substitution of one correctly spelled word for another(such as form for from, or to for too).Thus they do not make sure that a document is free of spelling errors. 1.Which of the following words will a spell checker not be able to recognize? A.maximum B.minibus C.Mickey D.Mathilde 2.Which of the following mistakes cannot a spell checker find? A.Tom is watiting for Mary outsyde the school gate. B.Tom is waiting or Mary outside the school gate. C.Tom is waitting or Mary outside the school gate. D.Tum is waiting for Mary outside the school gate. 3.What does the word “alerted” in the passage probably mean? A.suggested B.warned C.reminded D.led Key: 1-3 DBB 高考英语阅读练习(081) In China some radio broadcasting stations use hotlines to encourage the listeners to take part in the talk shows. That"s a good idea. Yes, the fact is some people do nothing but break the whole programme. Some people know little about the topic under the discussion. Sometimes they do not even know what the host(主持人)is talking about. So the host has to tell the caller what the show is about. Usually the caller will ask a few questions which express his hope and show his ignorance(无知). The host has to answer and explain──how silly this is! It wastes a lot of time. It seems that some people phone the hotlines in fun. They just want to let the listeners hear them. They don"t care what the topic is, whether they themselves are interested in the topic or how silly they appear to be. It"s necessary for radio broadcasting stations to improve the hotline programmes. In my opinion, if a caller doesn"t know what is going on, the operator should not let the caller take part in it. 1. The sentence "...some people do nothing but break the whole programmes may tell us that_______. A. radio broadcasting stations use hotlines in a wrong way B. some people have unclear thoughts C. there are problems to solve in the use of hotlines by some radio broadcasting stations D. the use of hotlines by some radio broadcasting stations is a good idea 2. Which of the following is not true according to the passage? A. Some people do not know what the host is talking about. B. Some people do not know what the show is about. C. Some people know little about the topic under the discussion. D. The writer tells us that the host is silly. 3. The host has to answer and explain________. A. because Of lots of questions raised by the caller B. because of the caller"s ignorance C. for the host likes talking to the caller D. for the host works hard 4. The passage doesn"t tell us the idea________. A. that some listeners phone the hotlines in fun B. that some people just wont to be heard by others C. that some people who don" t care what the topic is must have realized that they appear to be silly D. what the hotline programmes are Keys: 1-4 CDBC 高考英语阅读练习(082) People today expect to be examined when they enter a doctor"s office. At least they expect their blood pressure and temperature to be measured. However, as recently as two hundred years ago, a doctor"s treatment depended on talking with patients. In general, the communication between doctors and their patients was the most important part of medical methods. The modem age of medicine began with the stethoscope ,an instrmnent for listening to patients heartbeat and breathing. Before that, a doctor did not touch a patient. In fact,there was no such things as a medical examination. The stethoscope──and all other medical instruments──-had a serious effect, on the practice of medicine. Doctors became better at finding the medical problems. More lives were saved. At the same time, doctors gave less importance to the communication between patients and doctors. Some doctors actually stopped talking to their patients. It is easy to understand why some sick people thought themselves as broken machines. 1. A stethoscope can be used to________. A. check health conditions B. cure some illness C. measure temperature D. treat heart disease 2. Doctors gave less importance to the communication between patients and doctors mainly because________. A. modern medical instruments were used B. they could cure more diseases and save more lives C. they had much more medical experience than before D. they were too busy to have time to talk with patients 3. Some sick people thought of themselves as broken machines, which suggested that_______. A. modern doctors should treat their patients as machines B. the level of the treatment was greatly improved C. they thought they were useless just like broken machines D. they were not satisfied with the manner in which doctors treated them 4. The best title for this passage should be________. A. Medical Methods of Two Hundred Years Ago B. The Development of Medical Methods C. The Modem Age of Medicine D. The Use of the Stethoscope Keys: 1-4 AADB 高考英语阅读练习(083) We may be very pleased with the rapid progress we have made in every field of study. But the way to test a student"s knowledge and ability still remains as poor as it was, We have almost done nothing to improve our examination system. It is well known that the examination system we are now using may be a good way of testing a student"s memory, but it can tell you nothing about a student"s ability. It does no good to students and teachers. As soon as a child begins school,he enters a world of examination that will decide his future of job. In fact a good examination system should train a student to think for himself. But it now does nothing about that. So students are encouraged to member what is taught. It does not enable them to gain more and note knowledge. The students who come out first in the examination often may not be the best in their studies. Besides, the examinations often force teachers to train students what to do with the coming examination from time to time. There must be some simpler and better way to test a student" s ability besides knowledge. And that is what we should do at once. 1. Now little has been done to________. A. decide a student"s job B. test a student"s ability C. test a student"s knowledge D. test a student"s memory 2. The examination system we are now using can only make the students________. A. gain more and more knowledge B. make rapid progress C. remember what is taught D. think for themselves 3. In order to make students gain high marks in the coming examination, teachers have to________. A. develop their students" ability B. fill their students" heads with much information C. teach freely D. teach their students how to study 4. The passage tells us about the importance of________. A. getting examination system improved B. taking examinations C. testing a student" s knowledge D. working hard at all lessons Keys: 1-4 BCBA 高考英语阅读练习(084) Some English words are made up of the same part and have different beginnings and different endings, such as import, report and transport. All these words, you can see, have the same root "port", which comes from the Latin word, meaning"to carry"or"to move"from one place to another. And according to the bit at the beginning- which we call the prefix(~S~) -the meaning changes: "import" means "to...... carry in” or "to bring into a country”; export , "ex" means "out of" , so this word means "to carry out of a country"; "re" means "back”, so the word "report” means "to tell somebody to bring back information to somebody"; "transport", "trans" means "across" and it means " to carry across one place to another". Let"s look at the following words: supporter, reporter, importer and exporter. You can see that in this case these words are nouns which are made up of the verbs plus a suffix(后辍) ,thus meaning a person who completes the verb. So supporter means somebody who supports. A reporter is somebody who reports. Importer is somebody who imports and exporter is somebody who exports, and so on. 1. In the sentence "Some English words are made up of the same part…"", "part" means _______. A. different beginnings and different endings B. the root of a word C. the same root which has different meanings D. the same part which has several meanings 2. Which of the following is not true according to the passage? A. Apart from"port”, most English words have the same root which comes from the Latin word. B. "Port" has the root meaning "to move” from one place to another. C. "Port” is the root forming some English words. D. The root "port" means "to carry". 3. By adding a prefix or a suffix to a root, we can get a word which has_______. A. a different meaning B. a lot of meanings C. the meaning of a Latin word D. the meaning of "in" or" out of" 4. We can get a noun_________. A. by adding a suffix to a verb B. by changing a prefix C. just by adding "er" to verbs D. only by adding" er" to a root Keys: 1-4 BAAA 高考英语阅读练习(085) To lift something from the floor correctly, first bend your knees and squat down. Keep your back and hips(臀部) and waist (腰部) in a line. If you bend over, the muscles ( ~ I$1 ) in your lower back can become hurt easily. If you keep your back and hips straight, the muscles are stronger, because they have much more support. The other muscles can then help the lower back muscles. As you squat down, try to get close to the object as possible. For example, if you are going to pick up a heavy box, squat down directly in front of it. Maybe you will have to spread your knees and legs. Put one knee on each side of the box. Remember at all times to keep your back straight. Put your hands under the object that is in front of you, between your knees. To lift the object, you should stand up slowly. Use your muscles in order to stand up. In other words, lift with your legs, not with your back. 1. The underlined word "squat" means________. A. to bend over your waist B. to bend yourself by bending your legs C. to lower yourself by bending your legs D. to stand straight 2. You should keep your back straight so that________. A. the muscles can" t be hurt B. the muscles will have more support C. you seem to be stranger D. you will get more muscles 3. The correct way to lift something heavy from the floor is________. A. to bend over from your waist first B. to bend your knees and squat down first C. to keep your back in a line D. to put your hands under the object 4. What lifts the object in fact? A. The muaelea of your arms. B. The muscles of your back. C. Your hands. D. Your leg muscles. Keys: 1-4 CBBD 高考英语阅读练习(086) In 1977, a dead author of detective stories saved the life of a 19-month-old baby in a most unusual way. The author was Agatha Christie, one of the most successful writers of detective stories in the world. In June 1977, a baby girl became seriously ill in Qatar, near Saudi Arabia. Doctors were unable to find out the cause of her illness with confidence, so she was sent to Hammersmith Hospital in London. She was then only semi-conscious and on the "Dangerously Ill" list. A team of doctors hurried to examine the baby only to discover that they, too, were confused by the very unusual symptoms (症状). While they were discussing the baby"s case, a nurse asked to speak to them. "Excuse me," said Nurse Marsha Maitlan, "but I think the baby is suffering from thallium (铊) poisoning." "What makes you think that?" Dr. Brown asked. "Thallium poisoning is extremely rare." "A few days ago, I was reading a novel called A Pale Horse by Agatha Christie," Nurse Maitlan explained. "In the book, somebody uses thallium poison, and all the symptoms are described. They"re exactly the same as the baby"s." "You"re very thoughtful and you may be right," another doctor said. "We"ll carry out some tests and find out whether it"s thallium or not." Tests showed that the baby had indeed been poisoned by thallium, a rare metallic substance used in making special glass. Once they knew the cause of the illness, the doctors were able to give the baby the correct treatment. She soon recovered and was sent back to Qatar. Later it was reported that the poison might have come from an insecticide (杀虫剂) used in Qatar. Choose the correct answer. 1. The one who first suggested the correct cause of the baby"s illness was _____. A. a doctor in Qatar B. Nurse Maitlan C. Dr. Brown D. Agatha Christie 2. The baby was sent to London because _____. A. she was born there B. the hospitals in Qatar were full at that time C. she was the daughter of a doctor in London D. the Qatar doctors were not sure whether they could cure her 3. As far as we can tell from the passage, Agatha Christie _____. A. had never met this baby B. had spent a long time studying the baby"s case C. visited the baby in the hospital at Hammersmith D. gave Nurse Maitlan some advice on the phone 4. It seems likely from the passage that the baby"s illness had something to do with _____. A. a dangerous pair of glasses B. the water in Qatar C. a harmful substance used to kill insects D. a dead writer 5. When the baby was sent to the hospital in London, her case was considered to be _____. A. an urgent one B. quite a simple one C. a usual one D. the result of thallium poisoning Keys: BDACA 高考英语阅读练习(087) The expensive shops in a famous arcade (有拱廊的街道) near Piccadilly were just opening. At this time of the morning, the arcade was almost empty. Mr. Taylor, the owner of a jewellery shop was admiring a new window display. Two of his assistants had been working busily since 8 o"clock and had only just finished. Diamond necklaces and rings had been beautifully arranged on a background of black velvet (丝绒). After gazing at the display for several minutes, Mr. Taylor went back into his shop. The silence was suddenly broken when a large car, with its headlights on and its horn blaring (喇叭响声), roared down the arcade. it came to stop outside the jeweller"s. One man stayed at the wheel two others with black stockings over their faces jumped out and smashed the window of the shop with iron bars. While this was going on, Mr. Taylor was upstairs. He and his staff began throwing furniture out of the window. Chairs and tables went flying into the arcade. One of the thieves was struck by a heavy stature, but he was too busy helping himself to diamonds to notice any pain. The raid (袭击) was all over in three minutes, for the men scram-bled back into the car and it moved off at an unbelievable speed. Just as it was leaving, Mr. Taylor rushed out and ran after it throwing ashtrays (烟灰缸) and vases, but it was impossible to stop the thieves. They had got away with thousands of pounds worth of diamonds. Choose the correct answer. 1. The expensive shops in ____ were just opening. A. Piccadilly"s famous arcade B. a Piccadilly famous arcade C. a famous Piccadilly arcade D. the famous arcade of Piccadilly 2. Had one of the thieves not been so busy taking the diamonds, he ____ the blow. A. would feel B. had been feeling C. had felt D. would have felt 3. While Mr. Taylor was admiring the new window display ____. A. his two assistants were arranging jewellery in the window B. some thieves were arranging C. he was standing inside his shop D. his staff were finishing their work for the day 4. The car headlights were on and its horn blaring ____. A. as the thieves wanted to warn people out of their way B. as a special signal to the assistants C. as the thieves could see where they were going D. to break the early morning silence. 5. The thieves chose Mr. Taylor"s shop because ____. A. it was early in the morning and not many shop were open B. they didn"t expect Mr. Taylor and his staff to try and stop them C. it usually had a great deal of valuable jewellery on display D. they had a very fast car to get away in Keys: CDBAC 高考英语阅读练习(088) Mary and Peter were having a picnic with some friends near a river when Mary notice an object overhead. "Look!" she shouted to her friends. "That"s a spaceship up there and it"s going to land here." Frightened by the strange silver-colored spaceship, most of the young people got in their cars and drove away quickly. Peter was fond of Mary and always stayed close to her. They, more curious than frightened, watched the spaceship land and saw a door open. When nobody came out, they went to the spaceship and entered inside. Peter followed Mary into the spaceship and did not hear the door closed behind him. The temperature fell rapidly and the two young people lost consciousness. When they woke up, they were surprised to see that they were back by the river again. The spaceship had gone. Their car was nearby. "What happened?" asked Mary. Peter scratched (抓) his head, saying slowly, "Don"t ask me. Perhaps we had a dream. Did you...Did you see a spaceship?" "Yes," said Mary. "And we both went into it. Then..." she looked at her wrist. "That"s funny. My watch has stopped. Oh, well, come on. It"s time to go home." Driving about fifty meters, they found their way blocked by a thick wall made of something like glass. They got out of the car and tried to find their way round the wall but discovered that they were inside a circular wall. It was like a mirror and prevented them from seeing through it. On the other side of the wall, strange creatures walked past slowly. A few stopped to stare through the wall and read a new notice which, translated into English, said: "New arrivals at the zoo: a pair of Earthlings in their natural surroundings with their mobile house." Choose the correct answer. 1. When the spaceship arrived, why didn"t Peter drive away? A. He did not like leaving Mary. B. He knew that the spaceship was harmless. C. He was too frightened to drive. D. There was a wall blocking the road. 2. Why did Peter enter the spaceship? A. He saw the food and was hungry. B. Mary told him to enter it. C. He just followed Mary. D. He wanted to study it. 3. Peter scratched his head so we know that _____. A. he had lost consciousness B. he was puzzled and did not know what to say to Mary C. he had lost his memory D. he was still half asleep 4. What do the words "strange creatures" mean to tell us? A. They were wild animals in a zoo. B. They were robbers. C. They had landed on Earth in a spaceship and lived there. D. The young couple were on another planet. 5. Which word in the notice tells us that Mary and Peter were not on earth? A. natural B. surroundings C. Earthlings D. house Keys: ACBDC 高考英语阅读练习(089) It began as a game: high school and college students studying computer technology figured out (领会到,想象出来) they could use personal computers to break into (闯入) telephone company computers and make free, long-distance telephone calls. These young computer wizards (奇才) soon gained the nickname "hackers (黑客)". Police put the collar on (拘留,逮捕) a few hackers, but many went on to even more complex hacking. One hacker was arrested for making illegal telephone calls and later used a jailhouse (监狱) phone to alter (变更) a police officer"s credit records (信用记录) to get back at (报复) the officer for arresting him. The hacker also used a computer to alter his college records to give himself better grades. As hackers gained experience, they began invading (侵入) computers at banks, airlines and other businesses. In one scheme (计划,方案), a hacker instructed an airline"s computer to give him free airplane tickets. The U.S. government is worried hackers may break into its sophisticated (复杂的,尖端的) networks of defense computers. The government"s classified (分类的) secrets are vulnerable (脆弱的) because thousands of government computers are connected by telephone lines that hackers can tap into (敲入,进入). In November 1988, a college student tapped into a non-classified U.S. Defense Department computer network called Arpanet. The hacker injected (输入,注入) a computer program that left copies of itself throughout Arpanet. Some hackers use each "viruses (病毒)" to destroy all the data in a computer. But in this case, government officials shut down the network before the program reached every computer in the system. Shutting down the system angered many researchers who were using the computers. The hacker turned himself in (自首) to police and told them how to get his program out of the computer system. He was charged with a crime. The incident put the spotlight on (引起留意) computer hacking in the United States. Many companies have hired experts to protect their computers from hackers, and many computer experts now advise companies on how to protect their computers. The U.S. government believes foreign governments have hired hackers to try to break into top-secret (绝密的) defense computers. It fears a hacker could inject a virus into military computers that would erase all the data during a war. Experts disagree over whether a computer network can ever be safe from hacking. But in the future, some of the most brilliant (杰出的,卓越的) minds in the U.S. will be working to frustrate (挫败) the efforts of computer hackers and spies. Choose the correct answer. 1. The main idea of the article is _____. A. computer hackers only want to make free long-distance phone calls B. the government wants to hire computer hackers to spy on the Russians C. computer hackers are a threat to private companies and government secrets D. many companies have hired experts to protect their computers from hackers who carry viruses 2. A computer "virus" is like a human virus because it _____. A. makes a computer cough and throw up B. spreads from one computer to other computers C. can erase a person"s doctor bills D. requires regular visits to a doctor 3. A hacker can be dangerous because _____. A. he knows how to make free long-distance telephone calls B. vital information is stored in computers, and a hacker knows how to change or erase the information C. once in jail, he can use a telephone to operate his computer D. a hacker who steals a free airplane ticket might deprive a doctor of that seat on the airplane 4. U.S. government computers are vulnerable to a hacker because _____. A. the government always pays its telephone bills on time B. the Russians know what"s in the U.S. computers C. viruses attack only government computers D. many government computers are connected by telephone lines 5. In the future _____. A. Some of the most brilliant minds in America will be working to try to stop computer hackers and spies B. hackers will begin invading computers at banks, airlines and other businesses C. many computer hackers will be arrested for making free telephone calls D. some computer hackers will turn themselves in to the police Keys: CBBDA 高考英语阅读练习(090) Animal experimentation(实验) is the backbone(支柱,基础) of American research and treatment of disease. Each year, 17 million to 22 million animals are sacrificed in the name of(以......的名义) science. While 90 percent of them are rats and mice, 180,000 dogs, 50,000 cats, 61,000 monkeys and 554,000 rabbits are done away with in laboratories operated by industry and government. But the public has raised an outcry(导致抗议) over these deaths. Spurred(驱策,刺激) vivid(生动的) reports of cruelty(残忍), the animal rights movement(维护动物权利运动) is made up of (由...组成)7,000 organizations with 10 million members. They"ve documented(用文件或证书等证实) cases in which monkeys were isolated(隔离) in steel tanks(箱、柜) for 45 days and dogs were bombarded(轰击、辐射) with radiation(放射线) or chemicals until they bled from the mouth. Scientists say such incidents(事件) are rare. Laws have been passed to govern(治理) testing. Many research centers now have committees(委员会) to review(审查) all proposed animal experiments, and computers can be used in place of(代替)animals in many experiments. But scientists say they can"t do without(不用,放弃) animals to test new drugs and treatments on animals to make sure they"re safe for humans. Animal experiments produced vaccines(疫苗) or treatments for diseases such as diabetes(糖尿病), and techniques used in open heart surgery(心脏外科手术). They"re important to efforts to find a treatment for AIDS. Animal rights activists have shown they will go to almost any length(奉陪到底). One New York researcher received more than 10,000 protest(抗议) letters following publicity(公开) of her experiments in which she gave drugs to monkeys. The researcher was studying drug addiction(依靠,成瘾). A protester was arrested in Connecticut for placing a pipe bomb(铁管土炸药)outside a company that used animals in tests. After fires and break-ins(闯入,破门而入), many labs have bought electronic locks and alarms for protection. Other targets(目标,对象) of the animal rights movement are the fur industry, farms, and school biology(生物学) classes in which children dissect(解剖) frogs. The movement has scored some successes(获得某些成功). A dozen states no longer allow pounds(兽栏) ── places that accept dogs and cats that have no homes ── to sell animals to scientists. Scientists claim the cost of their work will rise as a result. The battle between scientists and activists raises a basic question: Can modern society be both humane(仁慈的) in its treatment of living things(生物) and advanced(先进的,高级的) in its treatment of disease? It seems certain there will be new restrictions(限制,约束) placed on the use of animals in scientific experiments. Choose the correct answer. 1. The main idea of the article is _____. A. fewer animals should be taken to laboratories B. Americans are questioning the use of animals in experiments C. mice and rats make the best subjects for experiments D. scientific experiments can be carried out without animals 2. Animal experiments will probably continue because _____. A. scientists insist they are harmless B. the groups that oppose them aren"t very big or powerful C. they are critical for understanding and curing human disease D. there are enough regulations to protect animals from abuse 3. Proponents of animal rights are most convincing when they _____. A. explode bombs at laboratories that conduct scientific tests B. point out the diseases that have been cured by scientists C. threat their own pets kindly D. give examples of animals that were mistreated in labs 4. The animal rights movement is _____. A. not very successful in passing laws to protect animals B. trying many different approaches to accomplish its goals C. more interested in protecting dogs than in protecting mice D. supported mostly by people who dislike scientists 5. Scientists will be satisfied only if _____. A. they can continue using animals in their experiments B. the animal rights movement comes to a halt C. they install locks and alarms on their labs D. their supply of animals is increased significantly Keys: BCDBA 高考英语阅读练习(091) A Father’s day is a day set aside for honouring fathers in church services and in the home. It’s celebrated in the U.S. in the third Sunday of June. This idea was begun by Mrs John Bruces Dodd, who in 1909 persuaded an organization in Washington to salute fathers with special church services. The idea was officially agreed to by President Woodrow Wilson in 1916. In 1924, President Calvin Coolidge suggested national celebration of the day to form closer relations between fathers and their children, and to impress upon fathers the full measure of their duties. The red or white rose is recognized as the official Father’s Day flower. 1. Father’s Day, at first, meant ______. A. to respect all the fathers B. to win honour for fathers in church services C. to do honour to fathers at home D. to warn the fathers of their duties 2. Father’s Day was first celebrated by _____. A. the French B. the British C. the German D. the American 3. The first president who agreed to Father’s Day was _____. A. Woodrow Wilson B. Calvin Coolidge C. George Washington D. Abraham Lincoln 4. The president wanted Father’s Day to be a day on which _____. A. people remembered their fathers B. the relations between fathers and their children became closer C. fathers must remember that they should be good fathers D. both B and C Keys: 1. A 2. D 3. A 4. D 高考英语阅读练习(092) Few can refuse to accept the strange coincidences (巧合) in the deaths of John F. Kennedy and Abraham Lincoln. For example, Kennedy was elected in 1960 while Lincoln came into power in the U.S. in 1860. Both men were murdered from behind, on a Friday, and with their wives present. The two men were born exactly one hundred years apart, as were their murderers, Lee Harvey Oswald and John Wilkes Booth. Perhaps the strangest coincidence is that Kennedy’s secretary, whose name was Lincoln, advised him not to go to Dellas where he was shot, and Lincoln’s secretary, whose name was Kennedy, advised him not to go to the Ford Theater where he met his death. 1. Both of the two men _____. A. were presidents of the U.S. B. were elected presidents of the U.S. twice C. had a secretary by the name of Kennedy D. were murdered by the men of the same names. 2. From the passage we can find out _____. A. Oswald and Booth were of an age B. Oswald was 100 years older than Booth C. Booth was 100 years younger than Oswald D. There were 100 years between Oswald and Booth 3. Abraham Lincoln and john F. Kennedy were murdered _____. A. in Dellas B. at a stadium C. at a theater D. with their wives on the spot 4. There were such strange coincidences between the two American presidents that _____. A. nobody can accept B. almost everybody can accept C. only a few persons can accept D. hardly anybody has to accept Keys: 1. A 2. D 3. D 4. B 高考英语阅读练习(093) The man from the west stopped and drew back his arm. "You’re not Jimmy Wells," he said in a quick and angry way, "Twenty years is a long time, but not long enough to change a man’ nose from a Roman to pug." "It sometimes changes a good man into a bad one,” said the tall man, "you’ve been under arrest for ten minutes. Silky Bob. Chicago thinks you may have dropped over our way and phones us she wants to have a word with you. Going quietly, are you? That’s sensible. Now before we go to the station here’s a note I was asked to hand you. You may read it here at the window. It’s from Patrolman Wells.?" The man from the West opened the little piece of paper handed him. His hand was steady when he began to read, but it trembled a little by the time he抎 finished. The note was rather short. Bob: I was at the right place on time. When you struck the match to light your cigar I saw it was the face wanted in Chicago. Somehow I couldn’t do it myself, so I went around and got a plain clothes man (便衣) to do the job. 1. The man from the West must have broken the law _____. A. in Chicago B. in New York C. in his hometown D. somewhere else 2. The man from the West recognized the tall man not to be the one he had been waiting for because the tall man ____. A. had a different accent from his B. had a different nose from his friend’s C. was his another old friend D. said "Chicago wants to talk with you.?" 3. The two men may have walked _____. A. for ten minutes B. arm in arm C. face to face D. both A and B 4. We can suppose Jim _____. A. was afraid of the man from the West B. got another man to help him when necessary C. had an appointment with Bob 20 years ago D. had something else to do and couldn’t come himself Keys: 1-4 ABDC 高考英语阅读练习(094) Shopping ──bag ladies don’t beg publicly, but they do not refuse what is offered. Once a shopping ──bag lady appears where you live, it is as hard to pass her by without giving her some money as it is to pay no attention to the collection box(功德箱)in church. And although you may not like it, if she chooses your doorway as her place to sleep in the night, it is as morally hard to turn her away as it is to do with a lost dog. Most shopping ──bag ladies seem to be between the ages of 40 and 65. They wear layers (层) of clothes even in summer time, with newspapers filled between the layers as something against bad weather. No one knows how many shopping ──bag ladies there are in New York.. The number is going up. Some persons and researchers spend a great deal of time taking care of or observing shopping ──bag lag ladies and doing what they can to better the life lady hermits (隐士) who’re down. 1. Shopping-bag ladies are _____. A. lady beggars B. ladies who sell shopping-bags C. ladies who make shopping-bags D. those who go hungry 2. They fill newspapers between the layers of their clothed because _____. A. they are so poor B. they have no place to put them C. they want to hide them D. they have to use them to keep the cold out 3. They fill newspapers between the layers of their clothes because _____. A. they are so poor B. they have no place to put them C. they want to hide them D. they have to use them to keep the cold out 4.Which of the following statements is not true ? A. There are more and more shopping-bag ladies in the United States. B. Shopping-bag ladies appears only in New York. C. Some people are helping shopping-bag ladies. D. Some people are engaged in their research on these shopping-bag ladies. Keys: 1-4 ADDB 高考英语阅读练习(095) No one could have failed to be moved had he watched the live televised volleyball game between the Chinese and Cuban women’s teams. As we sat before the television set, with our eyes fixed on the screen, we experienced every kind of feeling. When the two teams played neck and neck, we were on pins and needles, anxious as to what would come next, and when our team fell behind our hearts were in our mouths. Watching the game between those two teams is not only a matter of great joy. For more than that it provides food for thought. Just see how the Chinese women won the game ──by their co ──operation (合作), by their excellent skill, their effort and strong will. A Chinese saying goes, “When two competent opponents (比赛的双方) meet, the strong ──minded one will win. “This is the spirit of the Chinese Women’s Volleyball Team. If every Chinese showed some of the spirit, never losing heart in times of difficulty and remaining clear ──minded in times of advantage (优势), then our nation would stand in the vanguard (前列) of the world family of nations, just as the Chinese Women’s Volleyball Team has done, is doing and will do. 1. While watching the game, we _____. A. had feelings of different kind B. enjoyed a friendly and wonderful game C. clapped and cheered only for the Chinese Women’s Volleyball Team D. were eager to know what would happen later on 2. The wonderful game _____. A. brought us great joy B. provided us with food for our thoughts C. gave us not only great joy but also food for thoughts D. give us a valuable amusement 3. The author believed that _____. A. the Chinese Women’s Volleyball Team was the strongest B. China was sure to become stronger and stronger if only we have that spirit of the Chinese Women’s Volleyball Team C. The Chinese must remain clear-minded in time of advantage D. The Chinese Women’s Volleyball Team never lost heart in times of difficulty 4. The best title of the passage might be _____. A. Watching a Close Volleyball Game B. The Spirit of the Chinese Women’s Volleyball Team C. Learn from the Members of the Volleyball Team D. The Strong ──Minded Are the Winners B) Keys: 1-4 ACBD 高考英语阅读练习(096) George Banks was a clever journalist. He worked for a good newspaper, and he liked arguing very much. He argued with anybody, and about anything. Sometimes the people whom he argued with were as clever as he was, but often they were not. He did not mind arguing with stupid people at all: he knew that he could never persuade them to agree, because they could never really understand what he was saying, and the stupider they were, the surer they were that they were right; but he often found that stupid people said very amusing things. At the end of one argument which George had with one of these less clever people, the man said something which George has always remembered and which has always amused him. It was, “Well, Sir, you should never forget this: there are always three answers to every question: you answer, my answer, and the correct answer.” 1. It seemed to George as if ________. A. it was more interesting to argue with as clever people as he was B. it was more interesting to argue with clever people than with stupid ones C. it was more interesting to argue with stupid people than with clever ones D. it was no good arguing with stupid people  2. From the passage we can conclude that________. A. George did nothing but argue with others B. George was a man full of sense of humour C. George always won the arguments D. What George said was difficult to understand  3. Why didn’t George mind arguing with stupid people? Because ________ A. he wanted to win the arguments B. he wanted to make the arguments more heated C. stupid people could be easily fooled D. what stupid people said could often give him greater pleasure  4. What one of the stupid people said at the end of one argument could be considered very________. A. clever B. stupid C. strange D. special Keys: 1. C 2. B 3. D 4. A 高考英语阅读练习(097) There were many beautiful buildings in ancient Rome, but the living conditions for ordinary people were bad. Most of their homes were so poorly made that they fell down or were fire hazards (=danger) with their steep, narrow wooden stairways. Most people were packed into apartment buildings that rose shakily (=unsafely) six to twelve floors above the ground. The apartments were rooms about three metres square, and each building housed about five hundred people. These tall buildings faced each other across streets only three metres wide, so no sunlight reached the ground. Even so, apartments were costly, though cheaper places could be had outside Rome. But people wanted to be near their work and entertainment. So the streets became crowded and it was hard to move quickly. At night, the streets were filled with noise as food and supplies were brought into the city on wagons and carts. 1. In ancient Rome, most people lived in ________ apartments. A. small and crowded B. clean and tidy C. spacious and sunny D. tall and big  2. The streets in ancient Rome were ________. A. crowded and noisy B. wide and bright C. narrow and dark D. both A and C  3. People liked to live in Rome Because________. A. the apartments were comfortable B. the living expenses were low C. they have no money to build houses outside the city D. they wanted to enjoy the conveniences of the city  3. This passage is mainly about ________ in ancient Rome. A. the beautiful buildings B. the living conditions of ordinary people C. the streets and transportation D. the food and daily supplies Keys: 1. A 2. D 3. D 4. B 高考英语阅读练习(098) If you wish to become a better reader, here are four important points to remember about rate, or speed, of reading: 1. Knowing why you are reading—what you are reading to find out—will often help you to know whether to read rapidly or slowly. 2. Some things should be read slowly throughout. Examples are directions for making or doing something, arithmetic problems, science and history books, which are full of important information. You must read such things slowly to remember each important step and understand each important idea. 3. Some things should be read rapidly throughout. Examples are simple stories meant for enjoyment, news, letters from friends, items, or bits of news from local, or hometown, paper, telling what is happening to friends and neighbours. 4. In some of your readings, you must change your speed from fast to slow to fast, as you go along. You need to read certain pages rapidly and then slow down and do more careful readings when you come to important ideas which must be remembered. 1. According to the passage, your reading speed depends on ________. A. whether the reading material is easy or difficult B. what you are reading C. what your purpose in reading something is D. both B and C  2. If one wants to be relaxed by reading, one should take up ________. A. a story book B. a book on science and technology C. news, letters from friends D. some material full of information  3. Which of the following readings should you read slowly and carefully? A. Fairy tales. B. Aesop’s Fables. C. Directions for use of a machine D. An evening paper.  4. Which of the following can best express the main idea of the passage? A. How to decide your reading speed. B. How to raise your reading speed. C. How to improve your reading skills. D. How to choose your reading materials. Keys: 1. D 2. A 3. C 4. A 高考英语阅读练习(099) Mr. Fitzpatrick has given much attention to his “Weight reduction”(减轻体重) programs. Just last year, for example, when he was the main speaker at the company dinner, he said he put on twenty pounds instead of losing thirty he promised he would. The year before that, he joined a health club. He exercised every day and ate less food. At the end of three months, however, he began making excuses about why he couldn’t go there more often. After the health club failed to work, he joined Weight Watchers but stopped going because he was the only man there. And he hated following any of the diet programs. Fitz’s latest idea is to join a walking club to “walk off” the weight. 1. Mr. Fitzpatrick was ________ when spoke at the company dinner last year. A. lighter than the year before B. planning to go on a diet C. heavier than the year before D. with the Weight Watchers  2. He did not stay with Weight Watchers because ________. A. he couldn’t do as the diet programs required him B. he felt uncomfortable being watched by women C. the members of Weight Watchers were all women but him D. both A and C  3. Which of the following can best explain the main idea of the passage? A. There is no good way to lose weight. B. One can do nothing without a strong will. C. There are different ways to lose weight. D. Walking is the best way of losing weight. Keys: 1. C 2. D 3. B 高考英语阅读练习(100) What makes one person more intelligent than another? What makes one person a genius, like the brilliant Albert Einstein, and another person a fool? Are people born intelligent or stupid, or is intelligence the result of where and how you live? These are very old questions and the answers to them are still not clear. We know, however, that just being born with a good mind is not enough. In some ways, the mind is like a leg or an arm muscle. It needs exercise. Mental (done with the mind) exercise is particularly important for young children. Many child psychologists (心理学家) think that parents should play with their children more often and give them problems to think about. The children are then more likely to grow up bright and intelligent. If, on the other hand, children are left alone a great deal with nothing to do, they are more likely to become dull and unintelligent. Parents should also be careful with what they say to young children. According to some psychologists, if parents are always telling a child that he or she is a fool or an idiot, then the child is more likely to keep doing silly and foolish things. So it is probably better for parents to say very positive (helpful) things to their children, such as “That was a very clever thing you did.” or “You are such a smart child.” 1. The words “intelligent” and “brilliant” in the first paragraph probably mean _______ while “dull” in the second paragraph means ________. A. bright and splendid; slow in thinking and understanding B. pretty and handsome; ordinary-looking C. great and important; common D. hopeful and helpful; careless  2. According to the context we can guess that a genius is ________ while an idiot is ________. A. a normal person; a funny person B. a strong person; a weak person C. a highly intelligent person; a foolish or weak-minded person D. a famous person; an ordinary person  3. A person ________ is more likely to become a genius. A. whose parents are clever B. often thinking about difficult problems C. often helped by his parents and teachers D. born with a good brain and putting it into active use  4. It is better for parents ________. A. to praise and encourage their children more often B. to be hard on their children C. to leave their children alone with nothing to do D. to give their children as much help as possible  5. Which of the following is NOT true according to the article? A. Parents play an important part in their children’s growth. B. The less you use your mind the duller you may become. C. Intelligence is obviously the result of where and how you live. D. What makes a person bright or stupid is still under discussion. Keys: 1. A 2. C 3. D 4. A 5. C B. he will be covered with a mattress C.his life is endangered D. his safety is generally all right 4. Which of the following is the main factor (因素) of a successful performance? A. Strength. B. Exactness. C. Speed. D. Carefulness. 5. What can be inferred from the author" s example of the Norwegian stuntman? A.Sometimes an accident can occur to a stuntman. B.The percentage of serious accidents is high. C.Parachutes must be of good quality. D. The cliff is too high. KEY: 1- 5 CBDBA 高考英语阅读练习(002) Activity which was almost unknown to the learned in the early days of the history, while during the fifteenth century the term "reading" undoubtedly meant reading aloud. Only during the nineteenth century did silent reading become popular. One should be careful, however, of supposing that silent reading came about simply because reading aloud is distraction (分散留意力) to others. Examination of reasons connected with the historical development of silent reading shows that it became the usual mode of reading for most adult reading tasks mainly because the tasks themselves changed in character. The last century saw a gradual increase in literacy (读写能力) and thus in the number of readers. As readers increased, so the number of listeners dropped, and thus there was some reduction in the need to read aloud. As reading for the benefit of listeners grew less common, so came the popularity of reading as a private activity in such public places as libraries, trains and offices, where reading aloud would disturb other readers in a way. Towards the end of the century there was still heated argument over whether books should be used for information or treated respectfully, and over whether the reading of material such as newspapers was in some way mentally weakening. Indeed this argument remains with us still in education. However, whatever its advantages, the old shared literacy culture had gone and was replaced by the printed mass media (媒介) on the one hand and by books and magazines for a specialized readership on the other. By the end of the century students were being advised to have some new ideas of books and to use skills in reading them which were not proper, if not impossible, for the oral reader. The social, cultural, and technological developments in the century had greatly changed what the term "reading" referred to. 1. Why was reading aloud common before the nineteenth century? A. Because silent reading had not been discovered. B. Because there were few places for private reading. C. Because few people could read for themselves. D. Because people depended on reading for enjoyment. 2. The development of silent reading during the nineteenth century showed . A. a change in the position of literate people B. a change in the nature of reading C. an increase in the number of books D. an increase in the average age of readers 3. Educationalists are still arguing about _________. A. the importance of silent reading B. the amount of information provided by books and newspapers C. the effects of reading on health D. the value of different types of reading material 4. What is the writer of this passage attempting to do? A. To explain how present day reading habits developed. B. To change people"s way to read. C. To show how reading methods have improved. D. To encourage the growth of reading. KEY: 1-4 CBDA 高考英语阅读练习(003) In some ways, the United States has made some progress. Fires no longer destroy 18,000 buildings as they did in the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, or kill half a town of 2,400 people, as they did the same night in Peshtigo, Wisconsin. Other than the Beverly Hill Supper Club fire in Kentucky in 1977, it has been four decades since more than 100 Americans died in a fire. But even with such successes, the United States still has one of the worst fire death rates in the world. Safety experts say the problem is neither money nor technology, but the indifference(无所谓) of a country that just will not take fires seriously enough. American fire departments are some of the world"s fastest and best-equipped. They have to be. The United States has twice Japan"s population, and 40 times as many fires. It spends far less on preventing fires than on fighting them. And American fire -safety lessons are aimed almost entirely at children, who die in large numbers in fires but who, against popular beliefs, start very few of them. Experts say the error is an opinion that fires are not really anyone"s fault. That is not so in other countries, where both public education and the law treat fires as either a personal failing or a crime(罪行). Japan has many wood houses; of the 48 fires in world history that burned more than 10,000 buildings, Japan has had 27. Punishment for causing a big fire can be as severe as life imprisonment. In the United States, most education dollars are spent in elementary schools. But, the lessons are aimed at too limited a number of people; just 9 percent of all fire deaths are caused by children playing with matches. The United States continues to depend more on technology than laws or social pressure. There are smoke detectors in 85 percent of all homes. Some local building laws now require home sprinklers (喷水装置). New heaters and irons shut themselves off if they are tipped. 1. The reason why so many Americans die in fires is that _____. A. they took no interest in new technology B. they did not pay great attention to preventing fires C. they showed indifference to fighting fires D. they did not spend enough money on fire equipment 2. It can be inferred from the passage that______. A. fire safety lessons should not be aimed only at American children B. American children have not received enough education of fire safety lessons C. Japan is better equipped with fire equipment than the United States D. America"s large population leads to more fires 3. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? A. There has been no great fire in the USA in recent 40 years that leads to high death rate. B. There have been several great fires in the USA in recent 40 years that lead to high death rate. C. There has been only one great fire in the USA in recent 40 years that led to high death rate. D. The fire in Kentucky in 1977 made only a few people killed. KEY: BAC 高考英语阅读练习(004) Nuclear power"s(核能的) danger to health, safety, and even life itself can be described in one word; radiation(辐射). Nuclear radiation has a certain mystery about it, partly because it cannot be detected (探测) by human senses. It can"t be seen or heard, or touched or tasted, even though it may be all around us. There are other things like that. For example, radio waves are all around us but we can"t detect them, sense them, without a radio receiver. Similarly, we can"t sense radioactivity without a radiation detector. But unlike common radio waves, nuclear radiation is not harmless to human beings and other living things. At very high levels, radiation can kill an animal or human being outright by killing masses of cells (细胞) in important organs (器官). But even the lowest levels can do serious damage. There is no level of radiation that is completely safe. If the radiation does not hit anything important, the damage may not be significant. This is the case when only a few cells are hit, and if they are killed outright. Your body will replace the dead cells with healthy ones. But if the few cells are only damaged, and if they reproduce themselves, you may be in trouble. They reproduce themselves in an unusual way. They can grow into cancer. Sometimes this does not show up for many years. This is another reason for some of the mystery about nuclear radiation. Serious damage can be done without the knowledge of the person at the time that damage has occurred. A person can be irradiated(放射治疗) and feel fine, then die of cancer five, ten, or twenty years later as a result. Or a child can be born weak or easy to get serious illness as a result of radiation absorbed by its grandparents. Radiation can hurt us. We must know the truth. 1. According to the passage, the danger of nuclear power lies in __________. A. nuclear mystery B. radiation detection C. radiation level D. nuclear radiation 2. Radiation can lead to serious results even at the lowest level ________. A. when it kills few cells B. if it damages few cells C. though the damaged cells can repair themselves D. unless the damaged cells can reproduce themselves 3. Radiation can hurt us in the way that it can _____. A. kill large numbers of cells in main organs so as to cause death immediately B. damage cells which may grow into cancer years later C. affect the healthy growth of our younger generation D. lead to all of the above results 4. Which of the following can be best inferred from the passage? A. The importance of protection from radiation cannot be overemphasized (过分强调). B. The mystery about radiation remains unsolved. C. Cancer is mainly caused by radiation. D. Radiation can hurt those who do not know about its danger. KEY: 1- 4 DBDA 高考英语阅读练习(005) Today is the date of that afternoon in April a year ago when I first saw the strange and attractive doll(玩具娃娃)in the window of Abe Sheftel"s toy shop on Third Avenue near Fifteenth Street, just around the corner from my office, where the plate on the door reads. Dr Samuel Amory. I remember just how it was that day: the first sign of spring floated across the East River, mixing with the soft - coal smoke from the factories and the street smells of the poor neighbourhood. As I turned the corner on my way to work and came to Sheftel"s, I was made once more known of the poor collection of toys in the dusty window, and I remembered the coming birthday of a small niece of mine in Cleveland, to whom I was in the habit of sending small gifts. Therefore, I stopped and examined the window to see if there might be anything suitable, and looked at the collection of unattractive objects--a red toy fire engine, some lead soldiers, cheap baseballs, bottles of ink, pens, yellowed envelopes, and advertisements for soft - drinks. And thus it was that my eyes finally came to rest upon the doll stored away in one corner, a doll with the strangest, most charming expression on her face. I could not wholly make her out, due to the shadows and the film of dust through which I was looking, but I was sure that a deep impression had been made upon me as though I had run into a person, as one does sometimes with a stranger, with whose personality one is deeply impressed. 1. What made an impression on the author? A. The doll"s unusual face. B. The collection of toys. C. A stranger he met at the store. D. The beauty and size of the doll. 2. Why does the author mention his niece? A. She likes dolls. B. The doll looks like her. C. She lives near Sheftel"s. D. He was looking for a gift for her. 3. Why did the writer go past Sheftel"s? A. He was on his way to school. B. He was looking for a present for his niece. C. He wanted to buy some envelopes. D. None of the above is right. 4. The story takes place in the ______. A. early summer B. early spring C. midsummer D. late spring KEY: 1-5 ADDB 高考英语阅读练习(006) Technology is the application (应用)of knowledge to production. Thanks to modern technology, we have been able to increase greatly the efficiency of our work force. New machines and new methods have helped cut down time and expense while increasing overall output. This has meant more production and a higher standard of living. For most of us in America, modern technology is thought of as the reason why we can have cars and television sets. However, technology has also increased the amount of food available (有用的)to us, by means of modern farming machinery and animalbreeding techniques, and has extended our life span via()medical technology. Will mankind continue to live longer and have a higher quality of life? In large measure the answer depends on technology and our ability to use it widely. If we keep making progress as we have over the past fifty years, the answer is definitely yes. The advancement of technology depends upon research and development, and the latest statistics (统计) show that the united States is continuing to pump billions of dollars annually(每年) into such efforts. So while we are running out of some scarce resources (少的资源) we may well find technological substitutes (代用品) for many of them through our research programs. Therefore, in the final analysis the three major factors of production (land, labor and capital) are all influenced by technology. When we need new skills on techniques in medicine, people will start developing new technology to meet those needs. As equipment proves to be slow or inefficient, new machines will be invented. Technology responds to our needs in helping us maintain our standard of living. 1. What is the best title for the passage? A. The definition of technology B. Modern technology C. The application of technology D. The development of technology 2. From the passage, we can infer that this article is probably _________. A. a part of the introduction to American business B. followed by the passage talking about factors of production C. taken from a learned journal D. Both A and B 3. Which is the main idea of the passage? A. Modern technology is the key to the improvement of standard of living. B. The three major factors of production-land, labor and capital are all influenced by technology. C. Technology is the response to our needs. D. The United States is making great efforts to advance its technology. 4. According to the passage, people can live a long life with the help of _________. A. higer quality of life B. medical technology C. modem farming machinery D. technological substitute KEY: 1- 4BDAB 高考英语阅读练习(007) The volcano is one of the most surprising frightening forces of nature. Maybe you have seen pictures of these“fireworks”of nature. Sometimes when a volcano erupts, a very large wall of melted rock moves down the side of a mountain. It looks like a “river of tire.”Sometimes volcanoes explode, throwing the melted rock and ashes(灰)high into the air. But where does this melted rock come from? The earth is made up of many layers(层). The top layer that we see is called the crust. Under the crust are many layers of hard rock. But far, far beneath the crust whose rock is so hot, that it is soft. In some places it even melts. The melted rock is called magma. Sometimes the magma breaks out to the surface through cracks(爆裂声)in the crust. These cracks are volcanoes. Most people think of mountains when they think of volcanoes. But not every mountain is a volcano. A volcano is simply the opening in the earth from which the magma escapes. The hot magma, or lava as it is called, cols and builds up on the surface of the earth. Over thousands of years, this pile of cooled lava can grow to be very, very big. For example, the highest mountain in Africa, Kilimanjaro, is a volcano. It towers more than 16,000 feet above the ground around it. 1.The underlined word“erupts”means . A. moves down B. breaks away C. builds up D. suddenly throws out lava 2.Which words in the passage have the same meaning as “melted rock”? A.“Volcano”and“explode”. B.“Crust”and“hard rock” C.“magma”and“lava” D.“Volcano”and“magma” 3.Which is the correct order of the layers of the earth(beginning with the top layer)? A. crust-hard rock-magma-soft rock B. crust-hard rock- soft rock-magma C. magma-soft rock- hard rock-crust D. volcano-cracks-magma-crust 4.The best title(标题) of the passage should be u. A. The Volcano B. Kilimanjaro Volcano C. The Mountains D. The Melted Rock KEY: DCBA 高考英语阅读练习(008) WHERE TO STAY IN BOSWELL YOUR GUIDE TO OUR BEST HOTEL Name/AddressNo. of RoomsSingleDoubleSpecial Attractions FIRST HOTEL 222 Edward Road Tel.414-6433120$25$35Air-conditioned rooms, French restaurant, Night club, Swimming-pool, Shops, Coffee shop and bar, Telephone, radio and TV in each room, Close to the city center FAIRVIEW HOTEL 129 North Road Tel.591-562050$12$18Close to the air-port, Telephone In each room, Bar, Restaurant, Garage, Swimming-pool ORCHARD HOTEL 233 Edward Road Tel.641-6646120$15$20Facing First hotel, European restaurant, Coffee shop, Dry-cleaning, Shops, tv, night-club OSAKA HOTEL 1264 Venning Road Tel.643-820180$30$50Air-Conditioned rooms, Japanese and Chinese restaurants, Shops, Swimming-pool, Large garden 1.The number of the rooms in the best hotels in Boswell is . A. 120 B. 470 C. 450 D. 240 2.If a Japanese traveler likes to eat in French restaurant, is the right place for him to go to. A. 233 Edward Road B. 1264 Venning Road C. 222 Edward Road D. 129 North Road 3.Which hotel faces the Orchard hotel? A. The First hotel. B. The Osaka hotel. C. The Fairview Hotel. D. No hotel. KEY: BCA 高考英语阅读练习(009) When I asked my daughter which item she would keep; the phone, the car, the cooker, the computer, the TV, or her boyfriend, she said“the phone”. Personally, I could do without the phone entirely, which makes me unusual. Because the telephone is changing our lives more than any other piece of technology. Point 1 The telephone creates the need to communicate, in the same way that more roads create more traffic. My daughter comes home from school at 4:00 pm and then spends an hour on the phone talking to the very people she has been at school with all day. If the phone did not exist, would she have anything to talk about? Point 2 The mobile phone means that we are never alone. “The mobile saved my life,”says Crystal Johnstone. She had an accident in her Volvo on the A45 between Otley and Skipton. Trapped inside, she managed to make the call that brought the ambulance(救护车) to her rescue. Point 3 The mobile removes our secret. It allows marketing manager of Haba Deutsch, Carl Nicolaisen, to ring his sales staff all round the world at and time of day to ask where they are , where they are going, and how their last meeting went. Point 4 The telephone separates us. Antonella Bramante in Rome says, “We worked in separate offices but I could see him through the window. It was easy to get his number. We were so near——but we didn’t meet for the first two weeks!” Point 5 The telephone allows us to reach out beyond our own lives. Today we can talk to several complete strangers simultaneously ( 同时地) on chat lines (at least my daughter does. I wouldn’t know what to talk about). We can talk across the world. We can even talk to astronauts (if you know any) while they’re space-walking. And, with the phone line hooked up to the computer, we can access(存取) the Internet, the biggest library on Earth. 1.How do you understand‘Point 1 —The telephone creates the need to communicate,6…’? A. People don’t communicate without telephone. B. People communicate because of the creating of the telephone. C. People communicate more since telephone has been created. D. People communicate more because of more traffic. 2.Which of the following best shows people’s attitude towards mobile phones? A. Mobile phones help people deal with the emergency. B. Mobile phones bring convenience as well little secret to people. C. Mobile phones are so important and should be encouraged. D. Mobile phones are part of people’s life. 3. Which points do you think support the idea that phones improve people’s life? a. Point 1. b. Point2. c. Point3. d. Point 4. e. Point 5. A. c, d B. a, e C. a, c D. b, e 4.It is possible to talk to several complete strangers simultaneously through . A. the TV screen B. a fax machine C. the phone line hooked up to the computer D. a microphone 5.The best heading for the passage is . A. phone Power B. Kinds of Phone C. how to Use Phones D. Advantage of Phones KEY: 1–5 CBDCA 高考英语阅读练习(010) “It hurts me more than you”, and “This is for your own good”—these are the statements my mother used to make years ago when I had to learn Latin, clean my room, stay home and do homework. That was before we entered the permissive period in education in which we decided it was all right not to push our children to achieve their best in school. The schools and the educators made it easy for us. They taught that it was all right to be parents who take a let-alone policy. We stopped making our children do homework. We gave them calculators, turned on the television, left the teaching to the teachers and went on vacation. Now teachers, faced with children who have been developing at their own pace for the past 15 years, are realizing we’ve made a terrible mistake. One such teacher is Sharon Klompus who says of her students—“so passive”—and wonders what has happened. Nothing is demanded of them, she believes. Television, says Klompus, contributes to children’ s passivity. “We’ re talking about a generation of kids who’ ve never been hurt or hungry. They have learned somebody will always do it for them, instead of saying ‘go and look it up’, you tell them the answer. It takes greater energy to say no to a kid.” Yes, it does. It takes energy and it takes work. It’ s time for parents to end their vacation and come back to work. It’ s time to take the car away, to turn the TV off, to tell them it hurts you more than them but it’ s for their own good. It’s s time to start telling them no again. 1.Children are becoming more inactive in study because . A. they watch TV too often B. they have done too much homework C. they have to fulfil too many duties D. teachers are too strict with them 2.We learn from the passage that the author’s mother used to lay emphasis on . A. learning Latin B. discipline C. natural development D. education at school 3.By“permissive period in education”(L.1,Para.2)the author means a time . A. when children are allowed to do what they wish to B. when everything can be taught at school C. when every child can be educated D. when children are permitted to receive education 4. The main idea of the passage is that . A. parents should leave their children alone B. kids should have more activities at school C. it’s time to be more strict with our kids D. parents should always set a good example to their kids KEY: 1- 4ABAC 高考英语阅读练习(011) The greatest recent changes have ,been in the lives of women ,During the twentieth century there was an unusual shortening of the time of a woman’s life spent in caring for children. A woman marrying at the end of the 19th century would probably have been in her middle twenties ,and would be likely to have seven or eight children, of whom four or five lived till they were five years old ,By the time the youngest was fifteen ,the mother would have been id her early fifties and would expect to live a further twenty years ,during which custom ,chance and health made it unusual for her to get paid work, Today women marry younger and have fewer children Usually a woman ‘s youngest child will be fifteen when she is forty-five and is likely to take paid work until retirement at sixty Even while she has the care of children ,her work is lightened by household appliances (家用电器)and convenience foods. This important change in women’s way of life has only recently begun to have its full effect on women’ s economic position Even a few years ago most girls left school at the first opportunity and most of them took a full-time job However ,when they married ,they usually left work at once and never returned to it ,Today the school-leaving age is sixteen ,many girls stay at school after that age ,and though women tend to marry younger ,more married women stay at work at leas until shortly before their first child is born Very many more after wads ,return to full or part-time work Such changes have led to a new relationship in marriage ,with both husband and wife accepting a greater share of the duties and satisfaction of family life, and with both husband and wife sharing more e-qually in providing the money and running the home ,according to the abilities and inter-est of each them. 1.According to the passage ,around the year1990 most women married A.at about twenty-five B.In their early fifties C.as soon as possible after they were fifteen D.at any age from fifteen to forty-five 2.We are told that in an average family about1990 . A.many children died before they were five B.the youngest child would be fifteen C.seven of eight children lived to be more than five D.four of five children died when they were five. 3.When she was over fifty ,the late 19th century mother . A.would expect to work until she died B.was usually expected to take up paid employment C.would he healthy enough to take up paid employment. D.was unlikely to find a job even if she now likely. 4.Many girls ,the passage says ,are now likely to . A.marry so that they can get a job B.Leave school as soon as they can C.give up their jobs for good after they are married D.continue working until they are going to have a baby 5.According to the passage ,it is now quite usual for women to . A.stay at hone after leaving school B.marry men younger than themselves C.start working again later in life D.Marry while still at school KEY: 1-5 ADDDC 高考英语阅读练习(012) Language learning begins with listening. Children are greatly different in the amount of listening they do before they start speaking, and later starters are often long listeners .Most children will“obey”spoken instructions some time before they can speak, though the word“obey”is hardly accurate as a description of the eager and delighted cooperation usually shown by the child .Before they can speak, many children will also ask questions by gesture and by making questioning noises. Any attempt to study the development from the noises babies make to their first spo-ken words leads to considerable difficulties. It is agreed that they enjoy making noises ,and that during the first few months one or two noises sort themselves as particularly ex-pressive as delight, pain ,friendliness, and so on But since these can’t be said to show the baby;s intention to communicate ,they can hardly be regarded as early forms of language ,It is agreed, too, that from about three months they play with sounds for enjoyment ,and that by six months theyare able to add new words to their store This self-imitation(摸仿)leads on to deliberate (有意的)imitation of sounds made or words spoken to them by other people. The problem then arises as to the point at which one can say that these imita-tions can be considered as speech. It is a problem we need to get out teeth into. The meaning of a word depends on what a word depends on what a particular person means by it in a particular situation; and it is clear that what a child means by a word will change as he gains more experience of the world .Thus the use .at seven months .of “mama”as a greeting for his mother cannot be dismissed as a meaning-less sound simply because he also uses it at another times for his father ,his dog ,or any-thing else he likes. Playful and meaningless imitation of what other people say continues after the child has begun to speak for himself ,I doubt ,however whether anything is gained when parents take advantage of this ability in an attempt to teach new sounds . 1.Before children start speaking . A.they need equal amount of listening B.they need different amounts of listening C.they are all eager to cooperate with the adults by obey spoken instructions D.they can’t understand and obey the adult ‘s oral instructions 2.Children who start speaking late . A.may have problems with their listening B.Probably do not hear enough language spoken around them C.Usually pay close attention to what they hear D.Often take a long tine in learning to listen properly 3.A baby’s first noises are . A.an expression of his moods and feelings B.an early form of language C.a sign that he means to tell you something D.An imitation of the speech of adults. 4.The problem of deciding at what point a baby’ imitations can be considered as speech … A.is important because words have different meanings for different people B.is not especially important because the changeover takes place gradually C.is one that should be properly understood because the meaning of words changes with age. D.Is one that should be completely ignored(忽略)because children’s use of words is of-ten meaningless . 5.The speaker implies . A.parents can never hope to teach their children new sounds. B.children no longer imitate people after they begin to speak C.Children who are good at imitating learn new words more quickly D.even after they have learnt to speak ,children still enjoy imitating KEY: 1-5 BDABD 高考英语阅读练习(013) This is John Roberts reporting from Cardiff The result of the match which finished at four this afternoon between France and Wales was a draw. Neither side scored .The Dutch referee(裁判)did not allow the one goal which France managed to kick The reason for this was that a French player was unfortunately off side .So both teams went home disap-pointed with the game They particularly admired the French forwards ,who were always fast and often threatened the Welsh defense .Once it looked as if the Welsh goalkeeper was in serious trouble. He dived to his right to save a shot from the French centre forward and crashed his head against the goal post ,A doctor examined him and he soon began to play a-gain .Of course the large ,friendly crowd cheered for him Wales will certainly welcome an-other visit from this splendid team. 1.This passage is . A.a piece of sports news broadcast over radio B.a piece of sports news in a newspaper C.An advertisement about sports D.An assay about sports 2.The word “draw”in this passage means ? A.an act of puling B.Taking money from a bank C.a state in which neither side wins D.Making pictures with a pencil or a pen 3.Which of the following sentence is NOT TRUE according to the passage? A.The French team is a visiting team while the Welsh team is the home team. B.The Welsh goalkeeper was brave and he didn’t quit the match even after he had his head Seriously injured in the game. C.People liked the French forwards for they were very active on the field. D.A French player did kick a goal but the referee refused to admit it. KEY: 1-3 ACB 高考英语阅读练习(014) There are several ways you can find out about the countries and places you wish to visit .You can talk to friends who have travelled to the places. Or you can to and see a colour film Or you can read travel books. It would seem that there are three kinds of travel books The first are those that give a personal ,subjective (主观的)account of travels which the author has actually made himself .if they are informative and have a good index (索引)then they can be useful to you when you are planning your travels .The second kind are those books whose purpose is to give a purely objective (客观的)description of things to be done and seen If a well-read ,cultured person has written such a book then it is even more useful .It can be sorted as a selected guide book The third kind are those books which are called“a guide”to some place or other ,If they are good ,they will, in addition to their factual information ,give an analysis or an explanation Like the first kind they can be inspiring and interesting .But their basic purpose is to help the reader who wishes to plan in the most practical way. Whatever kind of travel book you choose you must make sure that it does not describe everything as “wonderful”,“excellent”or “magical”。You must also note its date of publi-cation because travel is a very practical affair and many things change quickly in the twenty –first century Finally ,you should make sure that the contents are well presented and easy to find. 1.This passage is about 。

A.how to travel B.how to buy travel books C.how to read a travel book D.travel books 2.The following travel books may be of use when you plan your travels except . A.the book written by some people who have had the same travel experience themselves B.the book which tells you what is worth doing and seeing based on the facts C.the book in which a lot of big adjectives are used to draw your attention D.the book which offers you a lot of useful information like a tour guide 3.The date of the publication must be noticed because . A.the world is changing and so are the places you are going to visit B.the price of the book is always changing C.the author of the book may be different D.the contents of the book are always the same KEY: 1-3 DCA 高考英语阅读练习(015) The United States is not the only country affected by the“computer revolution”,All the major countries of the world have computers ,and the developing countries have also realized that computers play a big part in their economic development. Usually what one sees is a machine that looks like a typewriter ;it is called a computer terminal(终端)But computers are also used in unseen ways For example they determine how much tine there should be between traffic signals to prevent traffic problems and to keep millions of cars moving in an orderly flow When you buy a car ,a factory process (过程)that is controlled by a computer enables you to obtain a car with your own choice of colours and special features (特征)in just a few weeks’ time In medical laboratories ,com-puters have reduced the mistakes in testing ,and they have saved doctors’ countless hours of work Before long ,medical histories of all Americans will be kept in computer “banks”.If a person becomes ill far from his home ,local doctors will be able to get his medical record immediately ,In science the computer has performed in minutes experiments which would have required thousands of hours of work by human hands and minds. Most experts agree that computers are necessary to solve the problems of increasing population ,city living ,and public affairs Without computers, the jobs of solving these problems would require millions of workers to do tons of paperwork Before any computer can work on any problem, it must be told what to do Someone must program the computer ,step―by―step. At first this was done by having the programmer write out his instructions in the form of numbers which would be“understood”by the machine ,Within a short time, attempts were made to perform a system that would enable humans to communicate programmer could use words that had meanings for him ,and another program in the ma-chine would translate the words into the computer’s number system. Without special training ,in is impossible to under stand exactly how a computer does int work however ,many people without scientific training use computers in their daily lives .In some American schools for example young children are being taught by comput-ers for part of the school day. The use of computers in school has worried some Americans There are those who fear is will remove human element(成分)from teacher-student relationships .On the other hand there are educators who consider computer program a valuable means of freeing teachers from the more boring and tiring tasks ,thus enabling them to spend more time with a single student. In education ,as in business and industry science and medicine ,computers play an important part in almost every type of operation the future will bring major advances in computer technology ,which will aid man in his efforts to improve the world. 1.Operators of computers should give instructions to work in the form of program . A.young children B.Experienced operators C.Common readers D.Scientists in the computer field 2.Operators of computers should give instructions to work in the form of program . A.which are introduced in turn into computers B.Through which computers could process“language” C.Which could tell computers what to do and how to do D.All of the above 3.The arguments for computer program used in education were that . A.computers like toys would attract much attention of school children B.there are lots of buttons which you can press for doing anything at your will C.computer program would take the place of teachers ,turning a school into a computer world D.Computers could give teachers the opportunity to spare time to deal with students re- spectively. 4.Which of the following best express the main idea of this passage? A.The world will enjoy the beautiful picture of the computers. B.Computer technology will change the human life C.Computer would work freely in the future D.Computer would work with a great memory-storage and at highest speed. KEY: 1-4 BDAB 高考英语阅读练习(016) Advertising is a highly developed twentieth-century industry. The development of radio, television, cinema, magazines and newspapers has gone hand in hand with the development of advertising. Why is advertising so popular? Is it a waste of money? It has been proved again and again that ?repeated advertising increases product sales. Since it increases production, the price can be reduced. Therefore advertising, instead of making a product more expensive, makes it cheaper. Advertising is now a scientific business. Once managers would say jokingly, " I know that half of what I spend on advertising is wasted, but I don"t know which half." Now, all parts of an advertising programme are properly measured and researched. What makes a good advertisement? There have been major changes in advertising in the past sixty years.. People read advertisements partly for information and partly for pleasure. Today"s advertisements often start with a question, or a puzzle, with the purpose of attracting the reader"s attention. Of course, most advertisements contain information. But this is usually contained in a text that is interesting and often funny. Humour is very important. Sometimes advertisements tell a story, or the story may be continued over a number of advertisements. However, there is a danger in this. It is possible that the reader or viewer will remember the advertisement but not the name of the product. 1. The purpose of advertising is ____. A. to increase product sales B. to make a product much better C. to spend more money D. to reduce the production 2. Which of the following can be used in place of the underlined phrase "hand in hand" ? A. Here and there. B. Again and again. C. As usual. D. At the same time. 3. What is meant by what managers said in the second paragraph? A. A11 the money on advertising was wasted. B. Not all the advertisements were well designed. C.A11 the managers knew about advertising then. D. Managers spent no money on advertising. 4. What does the writer think of advertising? A. Useless. B. Unnecessary. C. Important. D. Wasteful. KEY: 1. A 2. D 3. B 4. C 高考英语阅读练习(017) Three men ran after a robber into East Putney Station, London, after he hit and kicked an old woman, but were turned back at the gate because they had no tickets. This was what the Central Court stated this morning. They were refused the use of a telephone to call the police, so they bought platform tickets. When they went into the station, they caught the robber, a youth of 21. One of the men had to go outside to make a 999 call. Mr Justice Stevenson said the incident ought to be brought to the attention of the railway officials. He sent the robber to prison for five years. Terry Tailor earlier had admitted his attack to Mrs Percy, aged 67, with the purpose of robbing her. 1. What did the three men want to do inside the station? A. To catch the train. B. To help Mrs Percy. C. To catch the robber. D. To escape from the police. 2. Which of the following is the right order according to the story? a. They were stopped at the gate. b. An old lady was attacked near a railway station. c. Three men ran after the robber in order to catch him. d. He was sent to prison for five years, e. The robber admitted he had attacked the old lady. A. b, a, c, d, e B. b, c, a, e, d C. b, c, a, d, e D. a, b, c, d, e 3. According to the judge, _____ ought to have a good thinking about the incident. A. railway officials B. the policemen C. Mrs Percy D. Terry Tailor 4. Where do you think this passage might be taken from ? A. A magazine . B. A diary. C. A story book. D. A newspaper. KEY: 1. C 2. B 3. A 4. D 高考英语阅读练习(018) Learning online should make use of a number of Internet tools: e-mail lets you exchange letters between continents very cheaply and almost immediately. Large groups of people can share their discussions by using electronic lists to send every letter to everyone on the list. Electronic magazines bring you up-to-date topics, such as news, arts, and sports. Search engines allow you to look for anything you want on the Internet, including the holdings of major libraries. In a chat room you can have a real-time written talk. Audio and video bring the world to your computer -— you can listen to the world"s radio stations, watch the evening news from another continent. And in an online conference you can even talk to your teacher and fellow students abroad. Do you have e-mail? How much do you communicate with your friends over the Internet? Internet, the newest child in technology, is like a modern communication highway. It"s also a kind of super-shop, almost anything you can buy in a store -— you can get it through Internet, without leaving home at all. 1. What is the passage mainly about? A. Internet. B. Radio stations. C. Magazines. D. Libraries. 2. What is the quickest and cheapest way of getting in touch with your friend abroad? A. By telegraph. B. By air-mail. C. By e-mail. D. By telephone. 3. Which of the following will you choose if you want to hold a meeting over the Internet? A. Chat room. B. Search engines. C. Online conference. D. Electronic lists. 4. Where does the writer suggest we might work? A. In the office. B. At home. C. At the library. D. In the store. KEY: 1. A 2. C 3. C 4. B 高考英语阅读练习(019) Flying Saucers In 1947 the pilot of a small aeroplane saw nine strange objects in the sky over Washing-ton in the USA. He said that they looked like saucers. Newspapers printed his story un-der the headline "Flying Saucers". Since then, all over the world, people have reported seeing similar strange objects. No one knows what they are or where they come from. Some people say that they do not exist, but many others say that they have seen them. Usually people on the ground have seen them but not always. Airline pilots also have reported seeing them and so have astro-nauts ── the men who fly in spaceships. Perhaps some people saw them only in their imagination. Perhaps some people made a mistake. But airline pilots and astro-nauts do not usually make mistakes of this kind. Captain Ed Mitchell, who was the sixth man to walk on the moon, said in 1974 that he believes that some "flying saucers" are real. Many other people now believe that these strange flying objects are visiting the earth from other worlds in space. "They have come to look at us," they say. The American government tried to find out more about these objects. It listened to a great many people who said they had seen them. But the Government Committee could not decide on what the objects were. It called them UFOs, which is short for "Unidentified Flying Objects". Some say they have seen people in the fly-ing saucers! In 1964, a driver of a police car in New Mexico saw a UFO landing a mile away. When he reached it, there were two small figures standing near it. They looked like little men. When he reported on his radio, they got inside the object and flew away. In 1973 two men were out fishing in Mississippi. They say they saw a UFO shaped like an egg. There were three creatures like men but their skins were silver in colour. They had no eyes, and their mouths were just slits (裂缝). Their noses and ears were pointed. They made the fishermen get inside the UFO for a while. Then the creatures photographed them and took them to the place where they had been fishing. There are many other similar stories. Some are probably untrue but some may be true. No one knows. 1. ___ took pictures of the two fishermen. A. The creatures in a UFO B. A driver of a police car C. A pilot of a plane D. Captain Ed Mitchell 2. The American government tried to ____. A. look for the flying objects B. know where the objects come from C. learn more about UFOs D. report more about UFOs 3. According to the passage, the name "flying saucers" was first used by ____. A. a pilot of a small plane B. an official in Washington C. an editor of a newspaper D. the man who flies in saucers 4. The purpose of this passage is to tell us _. A. the shape of UFOs B. how to observe UFOs C. the danger of UFOs D. what we know about UFOs 5. It is implied in the passage that the author A. does not believe at all about the exis-tence of UFOs B. believes that UFOs are real objects flying in the sky C. is not sure whether there are UFOs or not D. thinks UFOs come from other planets Key: 1. A 2. C 3. C 4. D 5. C 高考英语阅读练习(020) Britons Learn to Forgive LEEDS, England ─ A Leeds University psychology (心理学) professor is teaching a course to help dozens of Britons forgive their enemies. "The hatred we hold within us is a can-cer," Professor Ken Hart said, adding that holding in anger can lead to problems such as high blood pressure and heart disease. More than 70 people have become mem-bers in Hart"s first 20-week workshop in Lon-don ─ a course he says is the first of its kind in the world. These are people who are sick and tired of living with a memory. They realize their bitterness is a poison they think they can pour out, but they end up drinking it themselves, said Canadian-born Hart. The students meet in groups of eight to ten for a two-hour workshop with an adviser every fortnight. The course, ending in July, is expected to get rid of the cancer of hate in these peo-ple. "People have lots of negative attitudes to-wards forgiveness," he said. "People confuse (把……混淆) forgiveness with forgetting. Forgiveness means changing from a negative attitude to a positive one." Hart and his team have created instruc-tions to provide the training needed. "The main idea is to give you guidelines on how to look at various kinds of angers and how they affect you, and how to change your attitudes towards the person you are angry with," said Norman Claringbull, a senior expert on the forgiveness project. Hart said he believes forgiveness is a skill that can be taught, as these people "want to get free of the past". 1. From this passage we know that ______. A. high blood pressure and heart disease are caused by hatred B. high blood pressure can only be cured by psychology professors C. without hatred, people will have less trouble connected with blood and heart D. people who suffer from blood pressure and heart disease must have many enemies 2. If you are angry with somebody, you should A. try your best to defeat him or her B. never meet him or her again C. persuade him or her to have a talk with you D. relax yourself by not thinking of him or her any more 3. In Hart"s first 20-week workshop, people there can ___. A. meet their enemies B. change their minds C. enjoy the professor"s speech D. learn how to quarrel with others 4. If you are a member in Hart" s workshop, you"ll ______. A. pay much money to Hart B. go to the workshop every night C. attend a gathering twice a month D. pour out everything stored in your mind 5. The author wrote this passage in order to A. persuade us to go to Hart"s workshop B. tell us the news about Hart"s workshop C. tell us how to run a workshop like Hart"s D. help us to look at various kinds of angers Key: 1. C 2. D 3. B 4. C 5. B 高考英语阅读练习(021) Closing the Gap Until late in the 20th century, most Americans spent time with people of different generations. Now middle-aged Americans may not keep in touch with old people until they are old themselves. That"s because we group people by age. We put our three-year-olds together in day-care centers, our 13-year-olds in schools and sports activities, and our 80-year-olds in senior-citizen homes. Why? We live away from the old for many reasons. Young people sometimes avoid the old to get rid of fears of aging and dying. It is much harder to watch someone we love dis-appear before our eyes. Sometimes it"s so hard that we stay away from the people who need us the most. Fortunately, some of us have found our way to the old. And we have discovered that they often save the young. A reporter moved her family onto a block filled with old people. At first her chil-dren were disappointed. But the reporter baked banana bread for the neighbours and had her children deliver it and visit. Soon the children had many new friends, with whom they shared food, stories and projects. "My children have never been less lonely," the re-porter said. The young, in turn, save the old. Once I was in a rest home (养老院) when a visitor showed up with a baby, she was immediately surrounded. People who hadn"t gotten out of bed in a week suddenly were ringing for a wheelchair. Even those who had seemed asleep woke "up to watch the child. Babies have an astonishing power to comfort and cure. Grandparents are a special case. They give their grandchildren a feeling of security (安全) and continuity. As my husband put it, "My grandparents gave me a deep sense that things would turn out right in the end." Grandchil-dren speak of attention they don"t get from worried parents. "My parents were always telling me to hurry up, and my grandparents told me to slow down," one friend said. A teacher told me she can tell which pupils have rela-tionships with grandparents: they are quieter, calmer and more trusting. (Words: 346 Minutes: 6) 1. Now in ah American family, people can find that ___. A. children never live with their parents B. not all working people live with their parents C. aged people are supported by their grand-children D. grandchildren are supported by their grand-parents 2. The reason that old people are left alone may be that ? " A. the old don"t like to live in a big family B. the young can"t get enough money to sup-port the old C. different generations have different lifestyles D. the old are too weak to live with the young 3. The fact the reporter told us shows that __. A. old people in America lead a hard life. B. old people in America enjoy banana bread C. she had no rime to take care of her children D. old people are easy to get along with 4. Seeing a baby, the old people got excited because __. A. they had never seen a baby before B. the baby was clever and beautiful C. the baby brought them the image of life D. the baby"s mother would take care of them 5. Why are some children quieter, calmer and more trusting? A. Because they have relationships with their grandparents. B. Because their worried parents ask them to act like that. C. Because they have nothing to worry about. D. Because their teachers ask them to act like that. Key: 1. B 2. C 3-D 4. C 5.A 高考英语阅读练习(022) Nobody Benefits NEW YORK—America has been experi-encing the longest economic increase in its history. Incomes have risen, unemployment has fallen, and cities such as New York are bursting with new office buildings. But just a short walk from Manhattan"s skyscrapers, George Brown sits on the side-walk, cooking a lunch of rice and bits of fish over a can of cooking fuel. Brown is homeless — one of the 2.3 mil-lion people in the US who end up on the street. During the day. Brown collects alumini-um cans and sells them for five cents a piece. At night, he sleeps on the street. "I have been on the street about eight or nine years, something like that," said the 62-year-old former construction worker. Brown admits he"s had problems with al-cohol and has smoked cocaine. But he said he still wants a more stable (稳定的) housing ar-rangement. He could afford it just with the money he earns by collecting cans and small pieces of metal, if only truly low-income housing were available. However, he sees no hope of finding af-fordable housing in New York. With the strong economy and unemploy-ment down, beautiful housing is being built to meet demand. A US report shows rents in New York city rose more than 27 per cent between 1984 and 1999, from US $549 to US $700 a month. One of the side effects of the strong economy is that rents have been going up. The majority of people who experience homelessness really just need some affordable housing help. But few housing companies have been built for the poor. Many small apartments in the city now rent for US $1,500 a month or more. Brown, the homeless New Yorker, said he has a daughter who lives in the city but he rarely sees her. She is angry about his drinking and won"t allow it in her house. Smiling, he said he also has seven grand-children whom he"d like to see more often. "All I"ve got to do is clean up my act," he said. 1. What kind of life does George Brown lead? A. Homeless and dangerous. B. Homeless and childish. C. Homeless and miserable. D. Homeless and sleepless. 2. From George Brown"s life we can find that A. old Americans lead a hard life B. old Americans want to live alone C. American cities are full of poor people D. bad habits play a role in poor people"s Life 3. It can be inferred from this passage that A. America is short of housing companies B. the poor can"t benefit from the increas-ing economy C. poor people in America will become rich D. housing companies will build more houses for the poor 4. If this passage comes from a paper, on which page would it be? A. Society. B. Science. C. Economy. D. Business. 5. What character does George Brown have? A. Selfish. B. Lazy. C. Warm-hearted. D. Open-hearted. Key: 1. C 2. D 3. B 4. A 5. D 高考英语阅读练习(023) More Taiwanese Students Study Here TAIBEI—Increasing numbers of Taiwanese students are joining the island"s "China rush", seeking education on the Chinese mainland. According to official Chinese figures, the number of Taiwanese students admitted into college and postgraduate programmes on the mainland totalled 461 in 1996, 928 in 1997 and 839 in 1998. Although no latest official numbers were available, Netbig.com said this number had risen between 30 to 50 per cent annually in the past two years with well over 1,000 entering mainland campuses last year. The Internet site, based in the Chinese city of Shenzhen, provides education service and information on Chinese mainland colleges and universities. "Many Taiwanese believe a Chinese education giving more knowledge about the people and culture in the mainland will increase their chances in the Chinese job market," Netbig.com vice-president Ingrid Huang said. "I believe it will give me hands-on ex-perience in the business field in the Chinese mainland and a better understanding of the Chinese mainland people," said Lydia Chang, a 19-year-old majoring in journalism at Shih Shin University. Chang plans to go on to get a master"s degree in business administration in Shanghai, which she says offers the best envi-ronment for such studies. A journalism graduate student, sumamed Lin, at the National Taiwan University said he would like to study law on the Chinese main-land since "there will be better career prospects for me now that more Taiwanese companies are going there". Some business executives were sending their children to study in the Chinese main- land. "They hope the children could build up connections which could later become useful in their business operations," said Yang Ching-yao, professor of the Chinese mainland studies. A Netbig.com survey showed the campus-es favoured by Taiwanese students included Beijing, Qinghua and Renmin universities in Bei-jing, and Jinan and Zhongshan universities in Guangzhou. The most popular studies were law, business and Chinese medicine. At present, Chinese Taibei doesn"t recog-nize diplomas earned in the Chinese mainland nor help with any inquiries about studying there. But recognizing the trend, education au-thorities are giving a final form to a policy accepting certificates (iiE45) from selected uni-versities. (Words: 352 Minutes: 6) 1. More Taiwanese students study on the Chi-nese mainland because ___. A. Taiwan will reunite with the mainland sooner or later B. the fees asked for are lower than those of Taiwan C. what they have learned on the mainland will bring them a bright future D. there are many famous universities for them to choose 2. Some business executives were sending their children to study in the Chinese mainland so that their children ___. A. could receive better education B. could learn more about the policy there C. could do well in their business operations D. could make more friends there 3. The underlined word "it" refers to ___. A. Netbig.com B. a Chinese education on the mainland C. the Chinese job market D. the university 4. The main idea of paragraph 4 is ___. A. law in the Chinese mainland is pleasant to learn B. Taiwanese companies are coming to the Chinese mainland because the law there is perfect C. more Taiwanese companies coming to the mainland makes it better to learn laws D. the mainland is short of lawyers for the Taiwanese companies 5. The author wrote the article to tell us __. A. the number of Taiwanese students going to universities on the mainland had been increasing year after year B. more Taiwanese students are studying on the mainland C. education on the mainland is more at-tractive compared with that of Taiwan D. Taiwan and the mainland should co-operate with each other in every field. Key: l.C 2. C 3. B 4. C 5. B 高考英语阅读练习(024) Parents have to do much less for their children today than they used to do, and home has become much less of a workshop. Clothes can be bought ready made, washing can go to the laundry, food can be bought cooked, canned or preserved, bread is baked and delivered by the baker, milk arrives on the doorstep, meals can be had at the restaurant, the workers" canteen (食堂), and the school dining-room. It is unusual now for father to pursue (从事) his trade or other employment at home, and his children rarely, if ever, see him at his place of work. Boys are therefore seldom trained to follow their father"s occupation, and in many towns they have a fairly wide choice of employment and so do girls. The young wage-earner often earns good money, and soon acquires a feeling of economic indepen-dence. In textile (纺织的) areas it has long been customary for mothers to go out to work, but this practice has become so widespread that the working mother is now a not unusual factor in a child"s home life, the number of married women in employment having more than doubled in the last twenty-five years. With. mother earning and his older children drawing substantial wages, father is seldom the dominant (支配的) figure that he still was at the beginning of the century. When mother works, eco-nomic advantages increase, but children lose something of great value if mother"s employment prevents her from being home to greet them when they return from school. 1. The writer compares home to a workshop because _____. A. fathers often pursue employment at home B. parents have to make food and necessity themselves for their daily-life C. many families produce goods at home for sale D. both fathers and mothers in most families are workers 2. The writer says that home has become much less of a workshop. He means _____. A. in the past, home was more like a workshop B. home is much more of a workshop now C. home workshops are becoming fewer and fewer D. home was less like a workshop in the past 3. The chief reason that boys are seldom trained to follow their father"s occupation is _____. A. that children nowadays rarely see their fathers at their place of work B. that fathers do not like to pursue employment at home any more C. that there is a wide choice of employment for children D. that children also like to have jobs outside 4. What makes father no longer be the only dominant person in a family? A. With their earning, mother and children do not need to depend on father for their life. B. There are many choices of employment for mothers and children. C. Father does much less for his children today than he used to- D. The number of married women in employment has increased greatly now. KEY: 1-4 CACA 高考英语阅读练习(025) 1. Summer came early to Middlesbrough yesterday, as temperatures shot up to 22°C (71°F), a record for March. But local NFU agent Jim Wilkes says it could be bad news for farmers. " The crops will think it"s summer," he told our reporter," and start sprouting four weeks before time. 2. The death toll of the Burnside train crash rose to four yesterday when John Phillips, 32, of Petersville died in Wallsend Hospital. Another six people are still on the danger list. Mr Phillips, an electrical engineer leaves a wife and two children. 3. China and the United States reached an agreement on the protection of intellectual property rights yesterday, after strenuous marathon talks. The agreement is good news for all parties concerned. The Chinese Foreign Trade Minister described the agreement as a "turning point" in Sino-US trade relations that "promises further progress" in the future. The agreement will not only favourably impact trade relations between China and the United States, it may favourably influence the overall relations between the two countries. 1. What do you get to know from article I? A. It is as cold as usual in Middlesbrough, and the farmers are pleased. B. It is hotter than usual in Middlesbrough, and the farmers are pleased. C. It is hotter than usual in Middlesbrough, and the farmers are worried. D. It is colder than usual in Middlesbrough, and the farmers are worried. 2. How many people have died in the train crash in article 2 ? A. Only John Phillips has died. B. Ten people have died in the crash, including John Phillips. C. Four people have died in the crash, including John Phillips. D. John Phillips, his wife and children all died in the crash. 3. Who are on the danger list? A. Petersville and Wallsend. B. an electrical engineer and John Phillips. C. John Phillips" wife and two children. D. another six people who were on the train. 4. What agreement did China and the United States reach in article 3? A. It is an agreement on a marathon race. B. It is an agreement on trade relations. C. It is an agreement on overall relations. D. It is an agreement on intellectual property rights protection. 5. What are relations going to be like between China and the United States? A. Relations between China and the United States are going to be sometimes worse and sometimes better. B. Relations between China and the United States are going to be better. C. Relations between China and the United States are going to be worse. D. Relations between China and the United States are going to remain the same. KEY: 1-5 CCDDB 高考英语阅读练习(026) I never realized that bureaucratism (管僚主义) hated criticism so much until I myself was taught a good lesson by some bureaucrats. One sunny morning, I went to a high-level organization to report on some business. Once in the office, I found the man in charge busy and about to leave. “Wait a minute, please. You are the comrade I was told I must see.” I walked closer to the chief. “Sorry, I’m busy now,” the reply was polite but firm. “Would you please spare me just a few minutes? I came from a great distance and it’s not easy for me to pay another visit here in a short time.” “Then come when you can,” now a chief’s tone (语气), very businesslike. “Just take a look at this paper. One minute is enough.” “But I don’t even have one minute, no, not one single minute.” “Then I must come back again?” “Right, you must.” “You are practicing bureaucratism!” I lost control of my temper that had been suppressed (压抑) since I entered the office. “Good criticism (批评),” the chief smiled and left. That was “bad” criticism, bad for me, as later I was told that my report was turned down. I was beaten by bureaucratism. I learned the lesson: bureaucratism hates criticism. It seems that I need to learn more about the battle against that ugly social evil (弊病). 1. From the passage we can see _____. A. the man in charge had a good temper B. the writer was a bad-tempered person C. the man in charge didn’t lose temper D. the writer avoided losing his temper 2. The chief smiled and said “Good criticism”. This really shows _____. A. he was open to the writer’s criticism B. his patience and politeness C. his false politeness D. he didn’t mind much though the writer lost temper 3. The report was turned down only because _____. A. the writer wouldn’t come back again B. the chief was hurt by his criticism C. the writer didn’t make it clear to him D. the report itself was worthless KEY: 1-3 C C B 高考英语阅读练习(027) Brazil has become one of the developing world’s great successes at reducing population growth-but more by accident than design. While countries such as India have made joint efforts to reduce birth rates, Brazil has had better result without really trying, says George Martine at Harvard. Brazil’s population growth rate has dropped from 2.99% a year between 1951 and 1960 to 1.93% a year between 1981 and 1990, and Brazilian women now have only 2.7 children on average. Martine says this figure may have fallen still further since 1990, an achievement that makes it the envy of many other Third World countries. Martine puts it down to, among other things, soap operas (通俗电视连续剧) and installment (分期付款) plans introduced in the 1970s. both played an important, although indirect, role in lowering, the birth rate. Brazil is one of the world’s biggest producers of soap operas. Globo, Brazil’s most popular television network, shows three hours of soaps six nights a week, while three others show at least one hour a night. Most soaps are based on wealthy characters living the high life in big cities. “Although they have never really tried to work in a message towards the problems of reproduction, they describe middle and upper class values - not many children, different attitudes towards sex, women working,” says Martine. “They sent this image to all parts of Brazil and made people conscious of other patterns of behavior and other values, which were put into a very attractive package.” Meanwhile, the installment plans tried to encourage the poor to become consumers (消费者). “This led to an enormous change in consumption (消耗、消费) patterns and consumption was incompatible (不相容的) with unlimited reproduction.” Says Martine. 1. According to the passage, Brazil has cut back its population growth ____. A. by educating its citizens         B. by careful family planning C. by developing TV programmes        D. by chance 2. According to the passage, many Third World countries ______. A. haven’t attacked much importance to birth control B. would soon join Brazil in controlling their birth rate C. haven’t yet found an effective measure to control their population D. neglected the role of TV plays in family planning 3. Soap operas have helped in lowering Brazil’s birth rate because ____. A. they keep people sitting long hours watching TV B. they have gradually changed people’s way of life C. people are drawn to their attractive package D. they popularize birth control measures 4. What is Martine’s conclusion about Brazil’s population growth? A. The increase in birth rate will increase consumption. B. The desire for consumption helps to reduce birth rate. C. Consumption patterns and reproduction patterns are contradictory (互相矛盾的) D. A country’s production is limited by its population growth. KEY: 1-4 D C B B 高考英语阅读练习(028) First-time dog owners may encounter many problems getting to know and train their pets. Sometimes a puppy, or even an older dog, will chew their fingers or bite them. Even in play, this can really hurt. Unfortunately, many pet owners tolerate (容忍) this in a young dog. However, when the dog gets larger, it is not fun to be bitten by it. Training a dog never to place his teeth on human skin or clothing is an important lesson. From now on, if you feel your dog’s teeth while you are playing with him, say “Ouch” in a loud voice and move away from him. He will soon learn that when he bites, you will not play with him any more. Another bad habit that many people tolerate in their pets is allowing them to bite and hold on to clothing. Don’t let your dog do this to you. When he does something you what him to do, praise him and tell him he’s a good dog. You can also give him a treat at the same time he performs the good behavior. Eventually he will learn which kind of behavior is acceptable and which is not. Remember that reward is more effective than punishment. If you reward your dog when he does what you want to, he will become very well behaved. Also remember that puppies need to chew on something. So give him a sock with a knot tied in it or an old shoe. If he chews the wrong thing, take it away while saying “No” and give him something he can chew. If dogs are trained well, they will truly be your friends for a lifetime. 1. This passage is written to _____. A. teach people how to train dogs B. show dog owners how to behave C. demonstrate good dog behavior. D. explain why a dog chews on something 2. According to this passage, many people tend to _____. A. think puppies should be properly trained B. be too rough towards their dogs C. give their dogs treats infrequently D. allow their dogs to behave badly 3. Based on this passage, which of the following statements is NOT TRUE? A. Our behavior influences our dogs’ behavior. B. Dogs enjoy being rewarded by their owners. C. Say nothing even when your dog has bitten you. D. Training a dog takes patience and time. 4. The author thinks that a better way to train a dog is to ____. A. punish him for any mistake he has made B. reinforce (加强) his good behavior with a treat C. tolerate him no matter what he does D. be kind to him and don’t scold him 5. What does the underlined word “eventually” mean in the passage? A. in the end     B. frequently     C. first of all    D. unexpectedly KEY: 1-5 A D C B A 高考英语阅读练习(029) Because plants cannot move or talk, most people believe that they have no feelings and that they cannot receive signals from outside. However, this may not be completely true. People who studied plants have found out that plants carry a small electrical charge (电荷). It is possible to measure this charge with a small piece of equipment called “galvanometer”. The galvanometer is placed on a leaf off the plant, and it records any changes in the electrical field of the leaf. Humans have a similar field which can change when we are shocked or frightened. A man called Backster used a galvanometer for his studies of plants and was very surprised at his results. He found that if he had two or more plants in a room and he began to destroy one of them - perhaps by pulling off its leaves or by pulling it out of its pot - then the galvanometer on the leaves of the other plants showed a change in the electrical field. It seemed as if the plants were signalling a feeling of shock. This happened not only when Backster started to destroy plants, but also when he destroyed other living things such as insects (昆虫). Backster said that the plants also knew if someone had destroyed a living thing some distance away, because they signalled when a man who had just cut down a tree entered the room. Another scientist, named Sauvin, achieved similar results to Backster’s. He kept galvanometers fixed to his plants all the time and checked regularly to see what the plants were doing. If he was out of the office, he telephoned to find out about the signals the plants were sending. In this way, he found that the plants were sending out signals at the exact times when he felt strong pleasure or pain. In fact, Sauvin could cause a change in the electrical field of his plants over a distance of a few miles simply by thinking about them. 1. Backster was surprised at the results of his studies because _____. A. he destroyed an insect B. he destroyed a plant by pulling off its leaves C. he found that plants could express feelings of shock D. he found that plants could move and speak after all 2. The plants sent out signals _____. A. only when Backster Started to destroy plants B. when Backster destroyed plants or other living things C. only when he destroyed things such as insects D. only when Backster placed the galvanometer on the leaves of the plants 3. The scientist called Sauvin _____. A. did not agree with Backster’s ideas B. did not get the same sort of results as Backster did C. got different results from Backster’s D. found out some of the same things that Backster did 4. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. The electrical charge plants carry may shock or frighten us. B. A tree will signal when it has been cut down. C. Sauvin could make his plants send out signals some distance away. D. Plants have feelings because they can receive signals without moving. KEY: 1-4 C B D C 高考英语阅读练习(030) With the support of our readers, China Today has become successful in helping the world learn about China, and has built a bridge of friendship between the people of China and the rest of the world. Every day we receive many letters from our readers expressing their admiration for China, their appreciation of our work, and suggestions for improving the quality of the magazine. Some letters are published in “Postbag” while others are kept for reference. Many readers have suggested contests to develop closer contact (联系) between readers and editors. We held a History and Tourism Contest in 1995 and a China Travel Contest in 1996. We received warm responses to both. This year, China Today is holding a Reading Contest. Questions, chosen from articles published this year, will appear every three issues (期). Entrants (参赛者) must mail their answers before January 31, 1999. Fifty entries (参加) with correct answers to all the questions will be selected as prize winners. All the winners will be named in the April 1999 issue. Please address your entries to: Mr. Kang Jing China Today 24 Baiwanzhuang Road Beijing, China, 100037 Fax: 0086 - 010 - 68238338 The First Three Questions: 1. What was Shanghai’s GDP in 1996? 2. How much of the Chinese population still lacks enough food and clothing? 3. When was the law on the Organization of the Villager Committees of the People’s Republic of China passed? Please do not post your answers right away, but wait until all the questions have been published. 1. If you are going to be an entrant, how many ways can you send your entries to China Today? A. It’s not clear.           B. Only one. C. No less than two.           D. At least three. 2. According to the passage, we can draw a conclusion that ____. A. fifty people who answer all the questions correctly may see their names in the April 1999 issue B. all the people who answer the three questions correctly may see their names in the April 1999 issue C. all the people who answer all the questions correctly must win prizes D. all the people who answer the three questions correctly can win prizes 3. Supposing China Today is a monthly, this one in which there are the first three questions can be ____ A. the January 1995 issue            B. the January 1999 issue C. the May 1997 issue              D. the March 1998 issue 4. How did the editors deal with the letters from the readers? A. They put some letters in a big postbag for reference. B. They published some letters in the column “Postbag” and kept the rest for reference. C. They looked up some information in the letters and then published a “Postbag”. D. They did nothing but keep all the letters for reference. KEY: 1-4 C A D B 高考英语阅读练习(031) Every weekday morning I take the 8:30 bus to go to my job. I know by sight several people who also fide that bus. Some of the girls work as maids. They get off at each stop in ones, twos or threes. But at one corner something wonderful happens. Before the bus stops, a little dog races out of the nearest house. He doesn"t look at two of the maids who get off. But for the third he has a joyful "Hello!". From head to tail his little body wags his happiness. Everyone on the bus watches until the maid and the dog go into the house. One day not long ago the maid wasn"t on the bus. I wondered if the dog would be waiting for her. Sure enough, he was! He stood at the back door of the bus for a minute. I could see his joyful welcome turning into fearful worry. Where was she? The driver closed the back door. The dog raced to the front door. It, too, shut in his face. Everyone on the bus felt sad. Poor little pup! He looked so unhappy, standing there! The driver couldn"t stand it. He opened the door and looked down at the dog. "She didn"t come today," he said, in a loud, kind voice. A man in a front seat leaned forward. "Maybe she will come tomorrow," he called. The dog wagged his tail as if to say "thank you." He watched the bus as we pulled away. Then he turned to trot home ── alone. The next day everyone on the bus was happy to see the maid back again. Yes, the dog was waiting for her. The welcome he gave her was even warmer and more delighted than usual. We all smiled at one another. How bright and good the morning suddenly seemed to us! 1. What do the people on the bus usually see at one corner? A. A little dog coming close to the bus when it stops. B. Two maids get off the moment the bus stops. C. A dog waiting for someone. D. A dog greets a maid merrily and follow her into a house. 2. One day the maid wasn"t on the bus and the dog ___. A. didn"t appear B. stood waiting at the bus stop till the bus left C. raced about looking for the maid D. went back the moment he found the maid wasn"t there 3. All this made people on the bus ___. A. awfully sorry B. greatly surprised C. very bored D. much exited 4. The next day people on the bus were happy, for ___. A. the maid was among them again B. she would not take the same bus C. she was not on their bus D. she was waiting for an empty bus to come 5. We can safely say this story is about ___. A. a magic dog B. a young maid that has magic powers C. a bus that can produce magical results D. the close relationship between a maid and her dog KEY: 1. D 2. C 3. A 4. A 5. D 高考英语阅读练习(033) Pablo Ruiz Picasso was the favorite child of his family. He was the only boy among great many girl cousins. That was enough to make him important, but his father loved him especially, because he knew his son was going to be an artist. Pablo knew the word for himself making delightful little drawings of animals and people. If his mother sent him out to play in the square, he went on drawing in the dust under the trees. One of his favorite models was his younger sister, Lola. Don Jose Ruiz, Pablo"s father was director of the museum at Malaga in southern Spain. He earned only a small salary, but there was not much work to do and he was able to practice his hobby, which was painting pigeons. don Jose loved pigeons very much. He painted them dead or alive, in ones and twos and in dozens. Sometimes he painted them on paper, and then stuck them on to canvas (画布); sometimes he stuck real feathers on to his pictures. He knew a great deal about he technique of painting and he taught it all to Pablo. Life in Malaga was very pleasant. In the hot, Mediterranean (地中海的) sunshine father and son would walk down to the beach to look at the boats on the shore or wander round the open markets. They made a strange pair. Don Jose was tall and thin, with red hair and beard, sad gray eyes and a fine set of whiskers (髯). He was so shy and correct that he was nicknamed "the Englishman". Pablo was quite the opposite. He had his mother"s small, strong build; he had straight black hair, and bright black eyes that noticed everything that was going on around him. 1. Don Jose and Pablo were "a strange pair" because ___. A. they liked to wander about the town B. they noticed everything that was going on around them C. they both painted D. they looked so different from each other 2. Malaga is probably ___. A. an island in the Mediterranean B. a sea port in Spain C. an inland city in southern Spain D. a small country township KEY: 1. D 2. B 高考英语阅读练习(034) Kevin Rogers used to be my boss. At that time he was a hard-working, up-and-coming businessman and a real slave-driver, always telling us we had to sell more and more. As soon as I could, I got a job with another company. The last time I saw Rogers was more than ten years ago. At least that"s what I thought until last Thursday. But now I"m not so sure. I was on my way back to my office in the center of town. There is a small park nearby which I sometimes walk through after lunch. It was almost empty, except for an unshaven, shabby-looking man on one of the benches. He looked about fifty years old and was wearing an old, gray overcoat. it was a cold, wintry day, and he was shivering. "It"s been a long time since I had a meal. Can you help me?" he said. There was something about his voice that sounded familiar. I gave him a few coins and he mumbled something about being grateful. As he stumbled (蹒跚) past me, I looked at his face closely. I wondered where I had seen him before. Then it hit me. Could it possibly be ...? No! Impossible, I thought. I watched him walking away. He was the same height as Rogers but looked a lot thinner than I remembered. Then, as he left the park and turned down the street, I caught sight of his face again, this time from his side. The nose was the same as Rogers" too. I almost followed him but something made me stop. I just couldn"t be sure. But the resemblance (相似) was very close. Yesterday I ran into someone who had worked for Rogers at the same time I did, and had stayed on longer. I started telling him about the man I had seen in the park. "For a moment I thought it was our old boss. The voice, the nose, and even the face were just like Rogers. But it couldn"t have been. Rogers must be the director of a big company by now." I said. My ex-colleague (先前的同事) shook his head. "I thought you knew." "Knew? Knew what? What are you talking about?" "Rogers was sent to prison six years ago. He"s probably out by now. For all I know he"s sleeping on park benches and begging money from passers-by." 1. It seems that when Rogers was the writer"s boss, the writer ___. A. rather liked Rogers B. admired Rogers" ability to sell C. thought Rogers was lazy D. was not very happy in his job 2. When his story begins, the writer ___. A. was working for a man called Rogers B. was on his way to work in the morning C. was going back to work after lunch D. had finished work and was going home 3. When the man in the park saw the writer, the man ___. A. begged some money from him B. tried to hit him C. offered to help him D. walked away from him KEY: 1. D 2. A 3. A 高考英语阅读练习(035) Lucky is the man who has no “skeleton in his closet.” When a man has done something in his life that he is ashamed of, that he wants to hide, he is said to have a “skeleton in his closet.” Some people may have more than one skeleton. As we have noted many times, it is hard to find out how these expressions begin. Sometimes, we get some hard facts. But more often we have to depend on guesswork. And that is true of this phrase, which came from England. Before 1932,English law did not permit a doctor to cut open a dead human body for scientific examination, unless it was the corpse(尸体) of an executed(处决) criminal. But when it became legal, more and more doctors demanded skeletons for a more scientific study of medicine. It was helping in the advance of modern medicine. The demand had become so strong that men began to rob tombs and sell skeletons to doctors at high prices. We are told that a doctor would usually buy just one skeleton for scientific study. It became very important in his work. But he had to keep it hidden because most people objected to keeping such a thing. As a rule, the doctor would keep his skelton in some dark corner where it could not be seen, or hide it in a closet. After a time, people began to suspect(怀疑) every doctor of hiding a skeleton in the closet. From this suspicion, the phrase “a skeleton in the colset” took on a broader, more general meaning. To describe anything that a man wanted to keep others from discovering. It could be proof of a criminal act, or something much less serious. Well, that is one theory. One writer, however, believes that the phrase might have come from something that really happened. It is his guess that a hidden closet in some old English country home may have turned up a real skeleton, clear proof of some old family shame or crime. Well, one man"s guess is as good as another. But this sounds like a story by the great French novelist, Balzac. Baizac tells us of a man who suspected his wife of having a lover. The husband comes home by surprise. But she hears him and quickly hides her lover in the closet of her bedroom. He enters her room and asks her if she is hiding her lover. He says he will not open the door to the closet if she promises him there is no one there; He will believe her. She answers firmly that she is not hiding anyone in the closet. The husband then begins to build a solid brick wall against the closet. His wife watches, knowing that her lover will never come out alive. But she will not change her the story and admit her guilt. 1.Which of the following situations is suitable for using the phrase “Skeleton in the closet”? A. You have stolen something presious and don"t want it discovered. B. You are a doctor and have to keep a skeleton for research C. If you have cut open a dead human body for scientific examination you should keep the skeleton secret. D. You have done a crime or done something foolish, but you want to keep others from discovering it. 2.From the text we know that there are _____ theories about how the phrase “skeleton in the closet” came into being. A. one      B. two      C. three     D. four 3.In Chinese the world “Skeleton” means ________ . A.尸体      B.标本      C.收藏      D.骷髅 4.Which of the following is right according to the text? A. In the 19th century, doctors realized the importance of anatomy(解剖) in the development of medicine. B. The doctors of the ancient times liked to collect as many skeleton as possible. C. The thieves stole skeletons from tombs in order to help the doctors D. It is legal that corpses of anybody are cut open for scientific examination in history. 5.From the story Balzac told we know that the wife"s lover must have become _______. A. a corpse     B. a phrase     C. a skeleton    D. a secret KEY: 1. D 2. B 3. D 4. A 5. C 高考英语阅读练习(036) A great big fellow, weighing around 250 pounds, walked with slow heavy noisy footsteps up to the produce counter in the supermarket. "Give me half a head of cabbage, "he told the clerk. "All we have are whole heads, "came the cold reply. "I don"t want a whole head, "the customer demanded. "Just half a head. Are you going to sell me half a head? " "Wait a minute, "said the clerk nervously, "Let me ask the manager." She went back where the manager was stamping prices on canned goods. "Hey",she said,"there"s a big,stupid-looking buffalo(水牛)out front who wants me to sell him half ahead of cabbage. Shall I tell the fool to..."She said,"wants to buy the other half。" 1.What is the best title for this passage? A.A Strange Customer B. A Friendly Customer C. A Nervous Customer D. A Polite Customer 2. When talking to the manager, the clerk was referring to______. A. two different customers B. the same customer C. more than two customers D. a stupid -looking customer and a gentleman 3. What is your impression(印象)of the customer? A. Looking like an animal. B. Looking like a housewife C. Looking like a gentleman D. A man of strong build. KEY: 1. A 2. B 3. D 高考英语阅读练习(037) Although man has known about asbestos for many hundreds of years, it was not until 160 years ago that it was mined for the first time on the North American continent. H. W. Johns, owner of a New York City Supply Shop for roofers, was responsible for (对……负责)the opening of that first mine. Mr, Jonhs was given a piece of asbestos which had been found in Italy. He experimented with the material and then showed its surprising powers to his customers. After putting on a pair of asbestos gloves, which looked much like ordinary work gloves, he took red-hot coals from the fireplace and played with them in his hands. How astonished the customers were to discover that he was not burned at all. You can well imaging that he had increasing business in asbestos roofing materials. However, because it was very expensive to transport(carry)them from Italy to the United States, Mr Johns sent out a young scientist to seek a source nearer home. This young man found great vein(岩脉), in the province of Quebec in Canada. Ever since 1881 Quebec has led the world in the production of this unusual mineral, which is made up of magnesium, silicon, iron, and oxygen. When it is mined, the asbestos is heavy, just as you would expect a mineral to be. When it is separated, a strange thing happens ;the rock breaks down into fine, soft, soapy fibres(纤维). Scientists do not know why the rock can be separated easily into threads(线), but they have found thousands of uses for this fireproof material, of the called the “cloth of stone”. 1.The title that best expresses the main idea of this passage is _____. A.Asbestos mined in Canada B. Fireproof matter C.A “Wonder” mineral D. A new roofing material 2. Johns proved his ability as a salesman by ______. A. going into the roofing business B. carrying asbestos from Italy C. sending a trained scientist D. showing the use of asbestos gloves 3. Which is the most important character of asbestos that the author wants to show us? A. It is like thread B. It feels soapy C. It burns easily D. It is unusually heavy 4. The author’s main purpose in writing this passage was to______. A. show the need for more scientists B. compare asbestos with other minerals C. increase the sales of asbestos D. present facts about asbestos KEY: 1. C 2. D 3. A 4. D 高考英语阅读练习(038) The news report that night was about a famine(饥荒)in Ethiopia. The pictures were of people who were so thin that they looked like beings from another planet. The camera (摄像机)focused (聚焦)on one man so that he looked directly at me, sitting in my comfortable living room. All around was the sound of death. It was clear that the world had not noticed this until now. You could hear the sadness in the voice of the reporter. Michael Buerk. At the end of the report he was silent. Paula started crying, then rushed upstairs to check our baby, Fifi, who was sleeping peacefully. I kept seeing the news pictures in my mind. What could I do? I was only a pop singer and by now not a very successful pop singer. All I could do was to make records which no one bought. But I would do that. I would give all the profits (利润)of the next Rats (the name of the music group he was in)record to Oxfam (an organization in Britain which helps poor people around the would). What good would that do? It would only be a little money but it was more than I could give just from my bank account. Maybe some people would buy it because the profits were for Oxfam. And I would be protesting about this disaster (灾难). But that was not enough. 1. What do we learn about the writer from the text? A. He felt really bad because the news report made him think of his own hard life. B. After he saw a news report on TV about the faming in Ethiopia, he decided he had to do something about the problem. C. His ideas on how to collect money for the people in Ethiopia were very successful D. He wanted to do more than just be a famous singer. 2. Which paragraph describes(描写)what he thought about after the report? A. Paragraph 1 B. Paragraph 2 C. Paragraph 3 D. None. 3. The writer wished that. A. he would be a very successful pop singer if he could have sold all his records. B. he would rather give all his money from his bank account than the little money made by making new records C. perhaps people would be interested in his records because they knew that the money they paid for them would go to Oxfam. D. He would make records which no one bought. KEY: 1. B 2. C 3. C 高考英语阅读练习(039) CARDIFF, Wales──Poets, singers and musicians from across the globe gathered Wales to celebrate the tradition(传统)of storytelling. “It might seem strange that people still want to listen in age of watching television, but this is an unusual art form whose time has cone again, ”said David Ambrose, director of Beyond the Border, an international storytelling festival(节)in Wales. “Some of the tales, like those of the Inuit from Canada, are thousands years old. So our storytellers have come from distant lands to connect us with the distance of time, ”he said early this month. Two Inuit women, both in their mid 60s, are among the few remaining who can do Kntadjait, or throat singing, which has few words and much sound. Their art is governed by the cold of their surroundings, forcing them to say little but listen attentively. Ambrose started the festival in 1993, after several years of working with those reviving(coming back into use or existence)storytelling in Wales. “It came out of a group of people who wanted to reconnect with traditions. and as all the Welsh are storytellers, it was in good hands here, ”Ambrose said. 1. Ambrose believes that the art of storytelling______. A. will be more popular than TV B. will be popular again C. started in Wales D. are in the hands of some old people 2. From the tales told by the Inuit, people can learn ______. A. about their life as early as thousands of years ago. B. Why they tell the stories in a throat-singing way. C. How cold it has been where the Inuit live D. How difficult it is to understand the Inuit 3. According to the writer, which of the following is not true? A. Storytelling once stopped in Wales. B. Storytelling has a long history in Wales. C. Storytelling is always well received in Wales D. Storytelling did not come back until 1993 in Wales. 4. The underlined phrase in good hands means. A. controlled by rich people B. grasped by good storytellers C. taken good care of D. protected by kind people KEY: 1. B 2. A 3. D 4. C 高考英语阅读练习(040) Problem Page Dear Lifeline, I shall be getting married in August.My mother wants me to have a white wedding in church, because I am the only daughter, and she wants me to have the kind of wedding that she had.I , on the other hand, would like to have a simple wedding and a small party afterwards for my immediate family and close friends.I don’t want my parents to go to a lot of expense just for one day;I’d rather they spent the money on things that my husband and I will need, that will last us for many years. Do you agree with me that this is a reasonable point of view? Can you think of a way in which I might persuade my parents to think as I do ? Yours, Money-Conscious Dear Money-Conscious, We agree that your point of view is reasonable; but reason isn’t everything. Your parents clearly do not mind ‘going to a lot of expense’, as you put it. They would mind more if you prevented them from doing so. There is, in fact, no reason why a white wedding in church should cost a lot of money. Such a wedding can be very simple, yet it can give you the sort of happy memories that your mother has of her own wedding day. We suggest you meet your mother halfway. Have a simple church wedding and a simple party afterwards. If it means so much to your mother, perhaps you owe it to her to do as she wishes. We are sure that you will not regret it. Dear lifeline, I have known my girlfriend for six years. The other day, I asked her to marry me, certain that I knew what the answer would be. But she said she wanted to think about it. I shall be going on holiday soon, and I hoped she would come with me; but now she says she’d rather go on holiday with a friend of hers. Am I losing her? Yours, Deeply Worried Dear Deeply Worried, Perhaps you were too certain of your girlfriend. Six years is a long time. Perhaps you have been in each other’s packets for too long. Give yourselves a holiday from each other, and then ask her again on your return. We think you will find that she will give you the answer that you want. 1.It is the purpose of the Problem Page to _____. A.write letters to lonely, troubled people B.try to find answers to readers’ problems C.ask readers to give their answers to problems D.send questions to readers for their answers 2.“Money-Conscious” would like her parents to _____. A. go to a lot of expense to buy what she will need B. give her and her husband the money instead of a church wedding C. give her money over a period of years D. spend the money on useful presents rather than on the wedding 3.“Lifeline” suggests a simple church wedding because ______. A.this is the least expensive kind of wedding B.you cannot be reasonable about something like a wedding C.it can be inexpensive yet provide a lifetime’s memories D.it is the simplest, yet happiest sort of wedding 4.“Deeply Worried” was worried that ______. A. he might lose his girl-friend while they were on holiday together B. his girlfriend was losing interest in him C. he had known his girl-friend for too long D. he would have to go away on holiday by himself KEY: 1-4 BDCB 高考英语阅读练习(041) Don’t Let Them Close Your School! Minutes of the meeting held in Malupit Community School on Wednesday 14th March at 8.00p.m. Mr. I.Pomat , a Malupit shop owner, called the meeting to find out the views of the community on local government plans to close the Malupit Community School at the end of the present school year. Mr. Pomat acted as chairman of the meeting. He introduced Mr. L.Karazin, the Planning Office of the Raval Education Department.Mr. Karazin pointed out that there were now only fifty-three children at Malupit Community School.This was considered to be too high a number for the forming of two classes and the employment of two teachers.Mrs. Luvako, who had taught at the school for the past twenty-two years, would be retiring from the teaching service in July.The Planning Office wished to take this opportunity to close the school, because it is expensive to run , and to move the children to two bigger schools in Raval, six miles away. Mrs. Jarvis, the mother of an eight-year-old boy at Malupit, asked what would happen about transport o Ravel.Mr. Karazin replied that the children would travel by bus.This would be provided by the Raval Transport Department, and it would take Malupit children to and from school free of charge. Another parent, Mr. W.Riley, expressed the fear of many parents that closing the local school would mean that the children of Malupit would not grow up with the same sense of community as in the past.They would feel lost in the much larger schools in Raval. Mr. Karazin replied that the Raval schools were not very large, and that , in any case the children would have to go to Raval later on for education at high-school level. The chairman voiced the view of the meeting when he said hat there was good reason to believe that there would soon be more young children living in Malupit.It would be foolish, he said, to close the school, and then to find that there were more than enough local children to form two classes and employ two teachers. A final point was made by Mr. Colmar, a retired business man, that without Malupit Community School, there would be nowhere big enough for local clubs and organizations to hold their meetings. Mr. Karazin promised that the would bring these points to the attention of the Education Department. Mr. Pomat brought the meeting to a close shortly after 9 o’clock. 1.The Planning Office had decided to close the school because A.there were too many children in each class. B.the schools in Raval were bigger and better. C.it had too few children and it was expensive to run. D.the teacher was retiring and they could not find another. 2.The children would no longer go to Malupit Community School, they would _____. A. go to Raval for education at high-school level B. receive their education at the Ravel Education Department C. attend a new local school to be built by the Planning Office D. travel every day to two schools in Raval, six miles away 3.Mr. Karazin said that the children would _____. A.travel by bus to Raval, without cost to their parents B.travel to Raval in their parents’ cars C.be taken each day by bus to the Raval Transport Department D.go by bus to and from school at a low cost to parents 4.“The Chairman voiced the view of the meeting” means _____. A. he was the one who called the meeting to find out parents’ views B. he spoke most at the meeting because he was chairman C. he said what everyone at the meeting had asked him to say D. he expressed the opinion held by everyone at the meeting KEY: 1-4 CDAD 高考英语阅读练习(042) Cosmo Books Unlimited 18, Woodman road, Tow Bridges, West Sussex. Cosmo Books Ltd., Hertford Estate, Rickmanswarth, Middx. 25th February Ref.GBS/SW/4CJ Dear Sir, Just over six months ago, I saw an advertisement in the Morning Mail for a set of the complete works of William Shakespeare.Your company, Cosmo Books Ltd., offered this set (eight books of plays and two books of poetry)at what was claimed to be a ‘remarkable’price:fifteen pounds and fifty pence, including postage and packing.I had wanted a set of Shakespeare’s plays and poems for some time, and these books in red imitation leather, looked particularly attractive;so I sent for them. Two weeks later, the books arrived, together with a set of the complete works of Charles Dickens which I had not ordered.So I returned the Dickens books to you , with a cheque for fifteen pounds and fifty pence for the works of Shakespeare.Two more weeks passed.Then there arrived on my door step a second set of the works of Shakespeare, the same set of novels by Dickens and a six-book set of the plays of Moliere, in French.Since I do not read French, these were of no use to me at all.However, I could not afford to post all these books back to you , so I wrote to you at the end of August of last year, instructing you to come and collect all the books that I did not want, and asking you not to send any other books until further notice. You did not reply to that letter.Instead you sent me a bill for forty-two pounds, and a set of the plays of Schiller, in German.Since then, a new set of books has arrived every two weeks:the works of Goethe, the poems of Milton, the plays of Strindberg;I hardly know what I have.The books are still all in their boxes, in the garage, and my car has to stand in the rain outside. I have no room for any more books, and even if I read from now on until the Last Judgement, I should not finish reading all the books that you hove sent me. Please send no more books, send no more bills, send no more angry letters demanding payment.Just send one large lorry and take all the books away, leaving me only with the one set of the complete works of Shakespeare for which I have paid. Yours faithfully, Simon Walker 1.The advertisement that Mr. Walker saw in the Morning Mail was for ______. A.an unlimited number of Cosmo Books B.a set of 10 books of the works of Shakespeare C.a book containing all the plays and poems of Shakespeare D.fifteen pounds and fifty pence 2.Mr. Walker answered the advertisement because ______. A. he wanted a set of Shakespeare’s works, and this set was cheap, and looked attractive B. he claimed that the books were being offered at a remarkable price C. he had ordered the set and had been waiting for them to come for some time D. the set he already had was not particularly attractive 3.Another two weeks passed, then there arrived ______. A.three sets of books and a cheque for fifteen pounds and fifty pence B.a third set of Shakespeare, a second of Dickens and a set of Moliere C.three sets of books including one in French D.the same set of Shakespeare, the novels of Moliere and a set of Dickens 4.Mr. Walker did mot want the novels of Dickens because ______. A. he had not ordered them and had already sent one set back B. he only wanted one set of Dickens, not two sets C. he could not afford to buy his novels as well as his plays D. he had not ordered them and could not read French KEY: 1-4 BACA 高考英语阅读练习(043) The Garden Hotel When you are next in Nanoko, be sure to stay at the Garden Hotel.Whether you come on business or on holiday, you will find everything as comfortable and as convenient as you would expect in a first-class international hotel. Every bedroom has its own private bathroom, telephone, wall-to-wall carpeting and colourful, modern materials and furniture in the local style. In the Mitsu Restaurant, you can choose your meals from as wide a variety of dishes, both Eastern and European, as you will find anywhere in the country.In the Beach Bar, you can drink with your family and friends in air-conditioned comfort, to the music of internationally known artists.Or you can take your drink outside into the beautiful garden that gives the hotel its name, or to the tables that surround the swimming pool.Throughout the hotel, you will find the service is both friendly and efficient. By day, the pool is alive with the holiday spirit and the happy shouting of children;and by right, soft lights and music make it the perfect place for a party, or simply for an after-dinner drink and conversation. The Garden Hotel has its own private mini-bus service.Give us a ring and we will arrange to collect you at the airport or in the city center.Every day a bus leaves the hotel for day trips up into the hills to see the ruined city of Morote, or the villages and temples of the hill people;oralong the coast to the seaside towns and wonderful beaches of Cape St Germain. If you prefer, we can arrange for you to visit the Wainiri Islands that lie just off the coast.Here you can swim and sun-bathe in private and in peace;or you can fish for one of the many varieties of sea-life for which the Wainiris are justly famous. The Garden Hotel is right on the beach, only five minutes for Nanoko’s modern shopping centre.Here you will find all that money can buy, at prices you can afford. GARDEN HOTEL, BEACH AVENUE, NANOKO, P.R.T.TEL:46-0488 1.The Mitsu Restaurant serves food A.of both Eastern and Western varieties. B.from all over the country, in air-conditioned comfort. C.That is air-conditioned, friendly and efficient. D.from which you can choose meals in the local style. 2.Service is both friendly the efficient’ means ______. A. you can meet your friends there in air-conditioned comfort B. you can serve yourself, your family and friends C. internationally-known artists will serve you D. you get what you want quickly and pleasantly 3.The hotel can arrange for the visitor to ______. A. go fishing off Cape St Germain, near Wainiri B. go across to the Wainiri Islands to swim or fish C. see the famous sea-life off the coast of the Wainiri D. go by bus to the Wainiri Island, for peace and quiet 4.You will find the Garden Hotel ______. A.close to shops where everything is cheap and justly famous B.on the beach where you will find all that money can buy C.on the beach not far from Nanoko’s excellent shops D.just off the coast, five minutes from the shops KEY: 1-4 ADBC 高考英语阅读练习(044) Exchange of Letters Dear Mr. Harringtom, I saw your name on a list of teachers of French who wish to spend their holidays in France this summer.I am a teacher of English in Saint-Simon, a charming little village in the Loire valley, just south of Saumur.I should very much like to spend some time in England, because it is many years since I had an opportunity to practise my English.Perhaps we could exchange houses for three weeks in late July or early August. I have heard a lot about Cumbria and the Lake District.I have been keen to spend a holiday in Cumbria ever since I first saw pictures of the foxhunting, and read about the fine hunting dogs that you have in your part of the country.I am very interested in fox-hunting and I take my dogs out hunting in the local forest whenever I can. I shall tell you more about Saint-Simon and the surrounding countryside when and if you express interest in my plan.I look forward to hearing from you. Yours sincerely, Jean-Baptiste Foucault Dear Mr. Foucault, I was very interested to receive your letter of 3rd March.You are right in thinking that I should like to spend some time in France.I am sure my French is as rusty as your English! You are also right in thinking that Cumbria is famous for its foxes and its hunting dogs;but there are many other things for which Cumbria is famous.Barrow, for example, it famous for its ship-building industry; I live just across the road from the docks where ships from Ireland and elsewhere load and unload.In fact, on days when the Irish Sea is not under a blanket of fog, I can see the hills of Northern Ireland in one direction, as clearly as I can see the Cumbrian hills in the other. In short, I am afraid Barrow might not have been what you had in mind when you thought about a holiday in Cumbria.Instead of being able to offer you the dog and the fox, I can only offer you the fog and the docks! Yours sincerely, Robert Harrington 1.Mr. Foucault wishes to spend a holiday in Cumbria because ______. A. he is a keen fox-hunting man B. there are many forests where he can take his dog hunting C. he has heard a lot about the good English spoken in Cumbria D. the first pictures he saw of England were of Cumbria and the Lake District 2.Mr. Foucault does not say much about Saint-Simon because ______. A.Mr. Harrington has been there and seen it for himself B.it is such a small village there is very little to say about it C.he wants to know first whether Mr. Harrington is interested in his plan D.he knows Mr. Harrington will not be very interested in Saint-Simon 3.Mr. Harrington agrees with Mr. Foucault that ______. A.Cumbrian dogs are very much like foxes B.Cumbria has a reputation as a fox-hunting district C.Cumbria is only famous for its fox-hunting D.Cumbria is more famous for ship-building than fox-hunting 4.Mr. Harrington thinks ______. A.Mr. Foucault will want to change his mind about exchanging B.Barrow will be just what Mr. Foucault had in mind for his holiday C.fog and docks have as much to offer the holiday-makers as dogs and foxes D.Mr. Foucault will enjoy his holiday in Barrow because of the fog and docks KEY: 1-4 ACBA 高考英语阅读练习(045) Robert Spring, a 19th century forger (伪造签字者), was as good at his profession that he was able to make his living for 15 years by selling false signatures of famous Americans. Spring was born in England in 1813 and arrived in Philadelphia in 1858 to open a bookstore. At first he make some money by selling his small but genuine of early U.S. autographs (亲笔签字). Discovering his ability at copying handwriting, he began imitating signatures of George Washington and Ban Franklin and writing them on the title pages of old books. To make less the chance of detection (发觉), he sent his forgeries (伪造物) to England and Canada for sale and circulation (销售). Forgers have a hard time selling their products. A forger can"t approach a respectable buyer but must deal with people who don"t have much knowledge in the field. Forgers have many ways to make their work look real. For example, they buy old books to use the aged paper of the title page, and they can treat paper and ink with chemicals. In Spring"s time, right after the Civil War, Britain was still fond of the Southern states, so Spring invented a respectable maiden lady known as Miss Fanny Jackson, the only daughter of General "Stonewall" Jackson. For several years Miss Fanny"s economic problems forced her to sell a great number of letters and manuscripts belonging to her famous father. Spring had to work very hard to satisfy the demand. All this activity did not prevent Spring from dying in poverty, leaving sharp-eye experts the difficult task of separating this forgeries from the originals. 1. Why did Spring sell his autographs in England and Canada? A. There was a greater demand there than in America. B. There was less chance of being detected there. C. Britain was Spring"s birthplace. D. The price were higher in England and Canada. 2. After the Civil War, there was a great demand in Britain for ___. A. Southern money B. signatures of George Washington and Ben Franklin C. Southern manuscripts and letters D. Civil War battle plans 3. Robert Spring spent 15 years ___. A. running a bookstore in Philadelphia B. corresponding with Miss Fanny Jackson C. as a forger D. as a respectable dealer 4. According to the passage, forgeries are usually sold to ___. A. sharp-eyed experts B. persons who aren"t experts C. book dealers D. owner of the old books 5. Who was Miss Fanny Jackson? A. The only daughter of General "Stonewall" Jackson. B. A little-known girl who sold her father"s papers to Robert Spring. C. Robert Spring"s daughter. D. An imaginary person created by Spring. KEY: 1. B 2. C 3. C 4. B 5. D 高考英语阅读练习(046) In 1909 an English newspaper offered £1,000 to the first man to fly across the English Channel in an aeroplane. Today, modern jets cross it in minutes. But at that time it still seemed a good distance. The race to win the money soon became a race between two men. Both were very colorful. One is Louis Bleriot. He owed a factory in France that made motor car lamps. He was already well known as a pilot because he had crashed several times. Some people laughed at him. One man said, "He may not be the first to fly across the Channel but he will certainly be the first to die in a crash!" But Bleriot was really a good and brave pilot. He also had many good ideas about aeroplane design. The other man was Hubert Latham. He was half French and half English. He took up flying when his doctors told him he had only a year to live. "Oh, well," he said, "If I"m going to die soon, I think I shall have a dangerous and interesting life now." Latham was the first to try the flight across the Channel. Ten kilometers from the French coast, his plane had engine trouble. It crashed into the water and began to sink under the water. A boat reached Latham just in time. He was sitting calmly on the wing and was coolly lighting a cigarette. Bleriot took off six days later. He flew into some very bad weather and very low cloud. He somehow got to the English side and landed in a farmer"s field. When he did so, a customs officer rushed up to his plane. Planes have changed since then but customs officers have not. "Have you anything to declare?" the officer demanded. 1. The story took place ___. A. in the early 20th century B. in the 19th century C. right after World War I D. at a time not mentioned in the passage 2. "A good distance" here means ___. A. a fairly long distance B. a distance shorter than people thought C. an easy flying distance D. no distance at all 3. Bleriot was well known as a pilot because ___. A. he was exceptionally brave B. he was quite rich C. he had many good ideas about the aeroplane design D. he had a few accidents 4. Why did Hubert Latham want to fly across the Channel? A. He thought he could manage it easily. B. He wanted to compete with Louis Bleriot. C. He knew he only had a year to live. D. He had always been interested in flying. 5. Why did the customs officer rush to the plane? A. To see if everything was all right with the plane. B. To make sure that the pilot was not hurt. C. To ask why the plane had landed in a farmer"s field. D. None of the above. KEY: 1. A 2. A 3. D 4. C 5. C 高考英语阅读练习(047) Frederic Chopin was one of the greatest composers of music for the piano. He wrote over two hundred musical compositions. They are still popular today. Frederic Chopin was born in 1810 in Zelazowa-Wola, a village near Warsaw, Poland. His father had moved there from France. Chopin was to feel strong ties to Poland throughout his life. Many of his musical works have the spirit and rhythm (节奏) of Polish folk dances. Chopin showed musical ability at an early age. He was giving public concerts and writing music by the time he was eight years old. The young Chopin often performed for members of the wealthy Polish nobility. He was a guest in their homes and was treated well by them. Poland was a kingdom under Russian control. In 1831, Chopin left Poland to make a tour of other European countries. While he was away, the Poles tried to win freedom from Russia. Their rebellion failed, and the Kingdom of Poland was crushed. Chopin never returned to his homeland. The piano fascinated Chopin. Believing that it could produce new and varied music, he challenged (对……有异议) many of the strict rules that were followed by earlier composers. Chopin created lively, moving music by using new musical patterns. Chopin suffered from poor health. He became ill with tuberculosis (肺结核), a disease that affected his lungs. It caused his death in 1849, when he was only thirty-nine years old. 1. We can infer from the passage that ___. A. Chopin died in a foreign country B. the Poles fought against the Russians and succeeded in defeating them in 1831 C. Chopin followed many of the strict rules as some earlier composers D. although Chopin loved his motherland, he had never learned anything from Polish folk dances 2. The passage is mainly about ___. A. Chopin"s musical works and the piano B. Poland and Russia C. Chopin"s life D. new musical patterns KEY: 1. A 2. C 高考英语阅读练习(048) It was not yet eleven o"clock when a boat crossed the river with a single passenger who had obtained his transportations at that unusual hour by promising an extra fare. While the youth stood on the landing-place searching in his pockets for money, the ferryman lifted a lantern, by the aid of which, together with the newly risen moon, he took a very accurate survey (打量) of the stranger"s figure. He was a young man of barely eighteen years, evidently country bred, and now, as it seemed, on his first visit to town. He was wearing a rough gray coat, which was in good shape, but which had seen many winters before this one. The garments under his coat were well constructed of leather, and fitted tightly to a pair of muscular (肌肉发达的) legs; his stockings of blue yarn (线) must have been the work of a mother or sister, and on his head was a three-cornered hat, which in its better days had perhaps sheltered the grayer head of the lad"s father. In his left hand was a walking stick, and his equipment was completed by a leather bag not so abundantly stocked as to inconvenience the strong shoulders on which it hung. Brown, curly hair, well-shaped features, bright, cheerful eyes were nature"s gifts, and worth all that art could have done for his adornment (装饰). The youth, whose name was Robin, paid the boatman, and then walked forward into the town with a light step, as if he had not already traveled more than thirty miles that day. As he walked, he surveyed his surroundings as eagerly as if he were entering London or Madrid, instead of the little metropolis (首府) of a New England colony (殖民地). 1. What time of year was it in this story? A. spring B. summer C. fall D. winter 2. At what time of day did Robin cross the river? A. morning B. midday C. late afternoon D. night 3. The boatman was willing to take Robin across the river because ___. A. he wanted to make extra money B. he saw that Robin was young and rich C. he was going to row across the river anyway D. he felt sorry for him because Robin looked poor KEY: 1. D 2. D 3. A 高考英语阅读练习(049) Invited by Mr. Ye Huixian, host of the well-received TV programme "Stars Tonight", Miss Luo Lin, Miss Asia of 1991, appeared as the guest hostess on the Shanghai TV screen last Sunday. Born in Shanghai and taken to Hongkong when she was only six years old, Luo Lin has never dreamed of being Miss Asia. Her childhood dream was to be an air-hostess. Before she took part in the competition, she had been an air-hostess in Cathay Airline for seven years. However, it still took her three months to learn the art of walking on the stage, dancing, singing, making-up and other proper manners, designed by the Asia TV Station. "It"s really a hard job for me. I won"t enter for such competition any more. Anyhow, I am quite lucky. I am also glad to have had more chance to work for the social welfare since I won the title. This time, in Shanghai, I"d love to make a deep impression on my TV audience," said Luo Lin with a sweet smile. 1. Luo Lin became Miss Asia because she _____. A. was the most beautiful among the girls who took part in the competition B. beat all the other girls in the competition C. had always been lucky D. had been an air hostess 2. Which of the following is TRUE? A. Luo Lin is a native of Shanghai. B. Luo Lin moved to Hongkong with her parents. C. Luo Lin won the title of Miss Asia in 1991. D. Asia TV Station helped Luo Lin to become Miss Asia. 3. Which of the following is TRUE? A. Luo Lin has hoped to make a name for herself since childhood. B. Luo Lin was deeply moved by her TV audience last Sunday. C. Luo Lin"s childhood dream has never been realized. D. Luo Lin is a warm-hearted girl. KEY: 1. B 2. B 3. D 高考英语阅读练习(050) Which is safer ── staying at home, traveling to work on public transport, or working at the office? Surprisingly, each of these carries the same risk, which is very low. However, what about flying compared to working in the chemical industry? Unfortunately, the former is 65 times riskier than the latter! In fact the accident rate of workers in the chemical industry is less than that of almost any of human activity, and almost as safe as staying at home. The trouble with the chemical industry is that when things go wrong they often cause death to those living nearby. It is this that chemical accidents so newsworthy. Fortunately, they are extremely rare. The most famous ones happened at Texas City (1947), Flixborough (1974), Seveso (1976), Pemex (1984) and Bhopal (1984). Some of these are always in the minds of the people even though the loss of life was small. No one died at Seveso, and only 28 workers at Flixborough. The worst accident of all was Bhopal, where up to 3,000 were killed. The Texas City explosion of fertilizer killed 552. The Pemex fire at a storage plant for natural gas in the suburbs of Mexico City took 542 lives, just a month before the unfortunate event at Bhopal. Some experts have discussed these accidents and used each accident to illustrate a particular danger. Thus the Texas City was caused by tons of ammonium nitrate, which is safe unless stored in a great quantity. The Flixborough fireball was the fault of management, which took risks to keep production going during essential repairs. The Seveso accident shows what happens if the local authorities lack knowledge of the danger on their doorstep. When the poisonous gas drifted over the town, local leaders were incapable of taking effective action. The Pemex fire was made worse by an overloaded site in an overcrowded suburb. The fire set off a chain reaction of exploding storage tanks. Yet, by a miracle, the two largest tanks did not explode. Had these caught fire, then 3,000 strong rescue team and fire fighters would all have died. 1. Which of the following statements is TRUE? A. Working at the office is safer than staying at home. B. Travelling to work on public transport is safer than working at the office. C. Staying at home is safer than working in the chemical industry. D. Working in the chemical industry is safer than traveling by air. 2. From the passage we know that ammonium nitrate is a kind of _____. A. natural gas, which can easily catch fire B. fertilizer, which can"t be stored in a great quantity C. poisonous substance, which can"t be used in overcrowded areas D. fuel, which is stored in large tanks 3. From the discussion among some experts we may conclude that _____. A. to avoid any accident we should not repair the facilities in chemical industry B. the local authorities should not be concerned with the production of the chemical industry C. all these accidents could have been avoided or controlled if effective measures had been taken D. natural gas stored in very large tanks is always safe KEY: 1. D 2. B 3. C 高考英语阅读练习(051) Scientists have recently discovered that mothers tend to hold their baby on the left. Of 255 right-handed mothers, 83% held the baby on the left. And out of 32 left-handed women, 78% held the baby o the left. As a control, women were watched coming from supermarkets carrying baby-sized bags; the bags were held with no side preference. Then, dental patients were given a large rubber ball to hold during treatment. The majority held the ball to their left side, even when it interfered with the dentist"s activities. This suggested that in times of stress objects are held against the left side. At that point something clearly contrary was observed. A large number of mothers who brought their premature babies to a clinic were seen to hold their babies against their right side. At that point something clearly contrary was observed. A large number of mothers who brought their premature babies to a clinic were seen to hold their babies against their right side. So, 115 mothers who had been separated from their babies for 24 hours after birth were observed for holding response. The experimenters presented the baby directly to midline of the mother"s body, and noted how she held the baby. 53% placed the baby on the left and 47% on the right. And it was also noted that the mothers of the group who had held their baby on the left had already had a baby from which they had not been separated after birth. Left-handed holding enables the baby to hear the heartbeat. In order to discover whether hearing the heart has a beneficial effect on the baby, the sound of a human hear-beat was played to 102 babies in a New York nursery for 4 days. A control group of babies was not exposed to hear-beats. The babies in the heart-beat group gained more weight and cried far less than the babies in the control group. 1. Scientists found that _____. A. left-handed women tend to hold their babies on the right B. more right-handed women than left-handed women tend to hold their babies on the left C. only right-handed women tend to hold their babies on the correct side D. women who hold their babies on the left are nearly all right-handed 2. What was "some clearly contrary"? A. Mothers of premature babies held their babies son the correct side. B. Mothers of premature babies took their babies to a clinic. C. Mothers of premature babies were seen to hold their babies differently from other mothers. D. Mothers of premature babies showed no side preference. 3. In one experiment, 102 babies spent four days _____. A. not exposed to heart-beats B. in a control group C. exposed to the sound of heart-beats D. in a New York heart-beat group 4. The experiments proved that _____. A. mothers have an instinct to hold their babies on the left immediately after birth B. mothers hold their babies on the left at times of stress C. mothers of premature babies do not have the instinct to hold their babies on the left D. mothers find it more comfortable to carry their babies on the left because the heart is on that side KEY: 1. B 2. C 3. C 4. C 高考英语阅读练习(052) You would like to take good photographs of real-life situations but you have few ideas for pictures. I suggest you look around you. The everyday world is full of scenes being played by an ever-changing group of actors. You probably passed a dozen picture situations without noticing on your way to work this morning. The realistic approach to photograph has been perfected in the past by such maters as Henri Cartier-Bresson and Bill Brandt. But while you can learn a great deal from looking at the work of others, any success you can hope to achieve in this field has to come from developing an individual approach. The main requirement for any photographer has little to do with technical matters. You must develop an awareness of the world around you and the people who live in it, and you should learn to notice when a situation may develop to a point where you will be able to take a good picture. Those who have reached this happy state will be prepared when that moment comes, and will simply raise their camera quickly and shoot. Others who are not so aware will be struggling with camera cases and lens caps. Film manufactures must be delighted at the thought of the inexperienced photographer setting out in search of the right situation and the right moment. Many miles of costly material have passed through thousands of cameras as this endless search continues. But although a lot of this waste must be put down to inexperience, you"ll find that even the professionals have to use a lot of film when they are out shooting. Not every shot is going to be a winner. If you look at the work of even the best photographers, you"ll notice dozens of pictures have had to be taken only because they lead up to the successful shot of a situation that the photographer has obviously been observing through the lens. You may find that you have taken one or two pictures after the right moment has passed as well. There is seldom more than one shot which stands out. There is just one point where it all comes together, and you often have to waste film to catch that precious moment. 1. According to the passage, one can become a better real-life photographer by _____. A. watching other photographers at work B. learning about famous photographers C. just taking a great many photographs D. developing skills and ideas for yourself 2. The writer thinks that a photographer is required to _____. A. go out and search for unusual situations B. be highly skilled in camera techniques C. be able to tell when a good situation might come D. have a camera which is easy and quick to use 3. Most likely, to catch the right moment, one must _____. A. take pictures without too much preparation B. take a whole series of similar pictures C. take great care to set up the situation D. take one picture just at the right moment 4. Which of the following is TRUE? A. The waste of film in photography is essential to the production of good pictures. B. Film manufacturers usually enjoy pictures by inexperienced photographers. C. Only amateur photographers waste film in taking pictures. D. The waste of film, which is the result of poor choice of subject, is expensive and unnecessary. 5. The passage is _____. A. part of a book of camera instruction B. an advertisement for film C. a history of photography D. an introduction to photography KEY: 1. D 2. C 3. B 4. A 5. D 高考英语阅读练习(053) The Komodo lizard is the world"s largest lizard(蜥蜴). It was not discovered until this century and was named only in 1921. It was formerly found on three Indonesian islands: Komodo, Rintja and Flores. By the 1930"s, in spite of government protection, the population of this great lizard had been reduced to a few hundred. It was, however, still found on the three main islands and there were still lizards of over 4 metres in length. By 1963, after a period of only fifty years since its discovery, the entire population was based on Komodo. It is now unusual to see one as long as 3 metres. The lizard"s normal food consists mainly of wild goats and pigs, animals which the islanders also hunt. This, of course, means that the lizard often gets too little to eat. It will certainly die out soon its hunting and breeding(繁殖) grounds are protected more effectively. 1. The Indonesian government _____ Komodo lizards. A. thought it necessary to protect B. didn"t think it necessary to protect C. reduced the number of D. killed a few hundred of 2. By 1963, the Komodo lizard could be found _____. A. on three islands B. only on Komodo Island C. only on Rintja Island D. only on Flores Island 3. Which of the following is FALSE? A. There were only a few hundred Komodo lizards living by the 1930s. B. Nobody knew the present name of the animal before 1921. C. The islanders hunt too many Komodo lizards. D. The writer worries about the Komodo lizards.  KEY: 1. A 2. B 3. C 高考英语阅读练习(054) In the United States, it is not customary to telephone someone very early in the morning. If you telephone him early in the day, while he is shaving or having breakfast, the time of the call shows that the matter is very important and requires immediate attention. The same meaning is attached to telephone calls made after 11:00 p.m. If someone receives a call during sleeping hours, he assumes(想当然地认为)it"s a matter of life and death. The time chosen for the call communicates its importance. In social life, time plays a very important part. In the U.S.A. guests tend to feel they are not highly regarded if the attention to a dinner party is extended only three or four days before the party date. But it is not true in all countries. In other areas of the world, it may be considered foolish to make an appointment too far in advance because plans which are made for a date more than a week away tend to be forgotten. The meaning of time differs in different parts of the world. Thus, misunderstandings arise(产生) between people from cultures that treat time differently. Promptness is valued highly in American life, for example. If people are not prompt, they may be regarded as impolite or not fully responsible. In the U.S. no one would think if keeping a business associate waiting for an hour. It would be too impolite. A person who is 5 minutes late is expected to make a short apology. If he is less than 5 minutes late, he will say a few words of explanation, though perhaps he will not complete the sentence. 1. "The same meaning is attached to telephone calls after 11:00p.m." Here "attached" means _____. A. taken B. drawn C. given D. shown 2. According to this passage, time plays an important role in _____. A. everyday life B. school life C. communication D. private life 3. The best title for this passage is _____. A. The Voice of Time B. The Importance of Time C. The Importance of an Announcement D. Time and Tide Wait for No Man 4. According to the passage, the author of the article may agree to which of the following statements? A. It is appropriate to send your invitation cards three or four days before a dinner party date in U.S.A.. B. It may be appropriate to send your invitation cards to your guests three or four days before a dinner party date in some countries. C. It is best for one to make telephone calls at eight because it costs much less. D. If one is less than 5 minutes late, he has to make a short apology. KEY: 1. C 2. C 3. A 4. B 高考英语阅读练习(055) Trees should only be pruned(修剪) when there is a good and clear reason fordoing so and, fortunately, the number of such reasons is small. Pruning involves the cutting away of overgrown and unwanted branches, and the inexperienced gardener can be encouraged by the thought that more damage results from doing it unnecessarily than from leaving the tree to grow in its own way. First, pruning may be done to make sure that trees have a desired shape or size. The object may be to get a tree of the right height, and at the same time to help the growth of small side branches which will thicken its appearance or give it a special shape. Secondly, pruning may be done to make the tree healthier. You may cur out diseased or dead wood, or branches that are rubbing against each other and thus causing wounds. The health of a tree may be encouraged by removing the branches that are locking up the centre and so preventing the free movement of air. One result of pruning is that an open would is left on the tree and this provides an easy entry(进入)for diseases, but it is a wound that will heal. Often there is a race between the healing and the disease as to whether the tree will live or die, or that there is a period when the tree is at risk. It should be the aim of every gardener to reduce the risk as far as possible. It is essential to make the area which has been pruned smooth and clean, for healing will be slowed down by roughness. You should allow the cut surface to dry for a few hours and then paint it with one of the substances available from garden shops produced especially for this purpose. Pruning is usually done in winter, for then you can see the shape of the tree clearly without the interference(干扰) from the leaves and it is, too, very unlikely that the cuts you make will bleed. If this does happen, it is, of course, impossible to paint them properly. 1. According to the article,_____. A. damage is done to a tree if it is left to grow in its own way B. pruning is necessary when a tree has grown into a definite shape or size C. diseased or dead branches should be cut away if they are found to rub against each other D. growing side branches often prevent air from moving freely 2. Which of the following usually causes a tree to grow unhealthy? A. Giving a tree a special shape and a definite height B. Removing small side branches and making a tree look less thick C. Allowing too many branches to grow in the middle D. Having a tree surrounded by many other trees 3. The writer suggests that pruning should be done in winter because _____. A. the cut surface gets dry more quickly B. open wounds on the tree run the less risk of getting diseased C. a gardener can do pruning more easily D. wounds painted with a special substance heal quickly 4. The writer"s purpose when writing this passage is _____. A. to describe how pruning a tree is done B. to discuss different ways of pruning trees C. to give practical instructions for pruning a tree D. to explain how a tree wound gets diseased and heals KEY: 1. A 2. C 3. C 4. C 高考英语阅读练习(056) They think they"re lucky that they"re living and it"s Christmas again. They can"t see that we live on a dirty street in a shabby house among people who aren"t much good. Johnny and the children can"t see how pitiful it is that our neighbors have to make happiness out of this filth and dirt. My children must get out of this. But how? The money that we"ve saved isn"t nearly enough. The McGaritys have money, but they are show-offs with it. The McGarity girl just yesterday stood out there in the street eating from a bag of cookies while a ring of hungry children watched her. I saw those children looking at her and crying in their hearts, and when she couldn"t eat any more, she shrew the rest down the sewer(阴沟). Miss Jackson who teaches at the Settlement House isn"t rich, but she knows things. She understands people. Her eyes look straight into yours when she talks with you. Everybody else here looks away because they"re ashamed(羞愧)of their lives. I"d like to see the children be like Miss Jackson when they grew up. 1. The writer suggests that her family _____. A. is extremely rich B. is an unhappy one C. are accustomed to their life D. long for a change in their life 2. The McGarity girl is characterized as _____. A. selfish and cruel B. friendly and kind C. beautiful and proud D. rich and nice 3. The writer thinks Miss Jackson is _____. A. poor but brave B. friendly and talkative C. a teacher liked by all her pupils D. an example her children should follow 4. Which of the following is TRUE? A. The writer"s family is the poorest one on that street. B. Watching the rich girl eating cookies, those hungry children cried. C. The writer wants to move out of that district. D. The writer hopes that her children will become teachers. KEY: 1. C 2. A 3. D 4. C 高考英语阅读练习(057) The Komodo lizard is the world"s largest lizard(蜥蜴). It was not discovered until this century and was named only in 1921. It was formerly found on three Indonesian islands: Komodo, Rintja and Flores. By the 1930"s, in spite of government protection, the population of this great lizard had been reduced to a few hundred. It was, however, still found on the three main islands and there were still lizards of over 4 metres in length. By 1963, after a period of only fifty years since its discovery, the entire population was based on Komodo. It is now unusual to see one as long as 3 metres. The lizard"s normal food consists mainly of wild goats and pigs, animals which the islanders also hunt. This, of course, means that the lizard often gets too little to eat. It will certainly die out soon its hunting and breeding(繁殖) grounds are protected more effectively. 1. The Indonesian government _____ Komodo lizards. A. thought it necessary to protect B. didn"t think it necessary to protect C. reduced the number of D. killed a few hundred of 2. By 1963, the Komodo lizard could be found _____. A. on three islands B. only on Komodo Island C. only on Rintja Island D. only on Flores Island 3. Which of the following is FALSE? A. There were only a few hundred Komodo lizards living by the 1930s. B. Nobody knew the present name of the animal before 1921. C. The islanders hunt too many Komodo lizards. D. The writer worries about the Komodo lizards.  KEY: 1. A 2. B 3. C 高考英语阅读练习(058) In the United States, it is not customary to telephone someone very early in the morning. If you telephone him early in the day, while he is shaving or having breakfast, the time of the call shows that the matter is very important and requires immediate attention. The same meaning is attached to telephone calls made after 11:00 p.m. If someone receives a call during sleeping hours, he assumes(想当然地认为)it"s a matter of life and death. The time chosen for the call communicates its importance. In social life, time plays a very important part. In the U.S.A. guests tend to feel they are not highly regarded if the attention to a dinner party is extended only three or four days before the party date. But it is not true in all countries. In other areas of the world, it may be considered foolish to make an appointment too far in advance because plans which are made for a date more than a week away tend to be forgotten. The meaning of time differs in different parts of the world. Thus, misunderstandings arise(产生) between people from cultures that treat time differently. Promptness is valued highly in American life, for example. If people are not prompt, they may be regarded as impolite or not fully responsible. In the U.S. no one would think if keeping a business associate waiting for an hour. It would be too impolite. A person who is 5 minutes late is expected to make a short apology. If he is less than 5 minutes late, he will say a few words of explanation, though perhaps he will not complete the sentence. 1. "The same meaning is attached to telephone calls after 11:00p.m." Here "attached" means _____. A. taken B. drawn C. given D. shown 2. According to this passage, time plays an important role in _____. A. everyday life B. school life C. communication D. private life 3. The best title for this passage is _____. A. The Voice of Time B. The Importance of Time C. The Importance of an Announcement D. Time and Tide Wait for No Man 4. According to the passage, the author of the article may agree to which of the following statements? A. It is appropriate to send your invitation cards three or four days before a dinner party date in U.S.A.. B. It may be appropriate to send your invitation cards to your guests three or four days before a dinner party date in some countries. C. It is best for one to make telephone calls at eight because it costs much less. D. If one is less than 5 minutes late, he has to make a short apology. KEY: 1. C 2. C 3. A 4. B 高考英语阅读练习(059) Trees should only be pruned(修剪) when there is a good and clear reason fordoing so and, fortunately, the number of such reasons is small. Pruning involves the cutting away of overgrown and unwanted branches, and the inexperienced gardener can be encouraged by the thought that more damage results from doing it unnecessarily than from leaving the tree to grow in its own way. First, pruning may be done to make sure that trees have a desired shape or size. The object may be to get a tree of the right height, and at the same time to help the growth of small side branches which will thicken its appearance or give it a special shape. Secondly, pruning may be done to make the tree healthier. You may cur out diseased or dead wood, or branches that are rubbing against each other and thus causing wounds. The health of a tree may be encouraged by removing the branches that are locking up the centre and so preventing the free movement of air. One result of pruning is that an open would is left on the tree and this provides an easy entry(进入)for diseases, but it is a wound that will heal. Often there is a race between the healing and the disease as to whether the tree will live or die, or that there is a period when the tree is at risk. It should be the aim of every gardener to reduce the risk as far as possible. It is essential to make the area which has been pruned smooth and clean, for healing will be slowed down by roughness. You should allow the cut surface to dry for a few hours and then paint it with one of the substances available from garden shops produced especially for this purpose. Pruning is usually done in winter, for then you can see the shape of the tree clearly without the interference(干扰) from the leaves and it is, too, very unlikely that the cuts you make will bleed. If this does happen, it is, of course, impossible to paint them properly. 1. According to the article,_____. A. damage is done to a tree if it is left to grow in its own way B. pruning is necessary when a tree has grown into a definite shape or size C. diseased or dead branches should be cut away if they are found to rub against each other D. growing side branches often prevent air from moving freely 2. Which of the following usually causes a tree to grow unhealthy? A. Giving a tree a special shape and a definite height B. Removing small side branches and making a tree look less thick C. Allowing too many branches to grow in the middle D. Having a tree surrounded by many other trees 3. The writer suggests that pruning should be done in winter because _____. A. the cut surface gets dry more quickly B. open wounds on the tree run the less risk of getting diseased C. a gardener can do pruning more easily D. wounds painted with a special substance heal quickly 4. The writer"s purpose when writing this passage is _____. A. to describe how pruning a tree is done B. to discuss different ways of pruning trees C. to give practical instructions for pruning a tree D. to explain how a tree wound gets diseased and heals KEY: 1. A 2. C 3. C 4. C 高考英语阅读练习(060) They think they"re lucky that they"re living and it"s Christmas again. They can"t see that we live on a dirty street in a shabby house among people who aren"t much good. Johnny and the children can"t see how pitiful it is that our neighbors have to make happiness out of this filth and dirt. My children must get out of this. But how? The money that we"ve saved isn"t nearly enough. The McGaritys have money, but they are show-offs with it. The McGarity girl just yesterday stood out there in the street eating from a bag of cookies while a ring of hungry children watched her. I saw those children looking at her and crying in their hearts, and when she couldn"t eat any more, she shrew the rest down the sewer(阴沟). Miss Jackson who teaches at the Settlement House isn"t rich, but she knows things. She understands people. Her eyes look straight into yours when she talks with you. Everybody else here looks away because they"re ashamed(羞愧)of their lives. I"d like to see the children be like Miss Jackson when they grew up. 1. The writer suggests that her family _____. A. is extremely rich B. is an unhappy one C. are accustomed to their life D. long for a change in their life 2. The McGarity girl is characterized as _____. A. selfish and cruel B. friendly and kind C. beautiful and proud D. rich and nice 3. The writer thinks Miss Jackson is _____. A. poor but brave B. friendly and talkative C. a teacher liked by all her pupils D. an example her children should follow 4. Which of the following is TRUE? A. The writer"s family is the poorest one on that street. B. Watching the rich girl eating cookies, those hungry children cried. C. The writer wants to move out of that district. D. The writer hopes that her children will become teachers. KEY: 1. C 2. A 3. D 4. C 高考英语阅读练习(061) For those of you who where born in the year of the pig, good luck and much success! This is your year. When talking to a Westerner, however, you’ve got to be a little careful when you talk about pigs. Chinese people view the pig as a smart (聪明) and prosperous (rich, lucky) animal. Western ideas tend to be a little more negative(否定的). A pig in the West is seen as a dirty, lazy, and fat animal. If anyone ever called you a pig, you wouldn’t be smiling. When a person doesn’t like someone, sometimes he will call that person a pig. If you ever meet a Westerner who was born in the year of the pig, don’t say, “Oh, you’re a pig!” Most Westerners will be understanding. They will be sure that you made some kind of a mistake. However, don’t take any chances. You might just offend(触怒)someone who does not share your positive(积极)ideas about pigs. 1. You gave to be careful when you talk to a Westerner about pigs because______. A. they worship pigs best of all B. they consider pigs as bad animals C. they aren’t used to talking about pigs. D. they don’t like the topic about pigs at all 2. According to the passage we can see that Chinese people think of the pig as a _______ animal. A. clever B. rich C. good D. all the above 3. A Westerner will call someone a pig if he _______ that man. A. dislikes B. is afraid of C. looks up to D. makes fun of 4. When you call a Westerner a pig, who was born in the year of the pig, most of them ___________. A. will be angry B. will be very surprised C. can forgive(原谅) D. may quarrel with you 5.From the passage we can conclude that _________. A. different people have different ideas about the same thing B. Westerners do not like pigs as much as the Chinese C. in general, Westerners and the Chinese don’t like pigs D. all of the Chinese like pigs better than Westerners Keys: 1-5 BDACA 高考英语阅读练习(062) My elder brother Steve, in the absence of my father who died when I was six, gave me important lessons in values that helped me grow into an adult. For instance, Steve taught me to face the results of my behavior. Once when I returned in tears from a Saturday baseball game, it was Steve who took the time to ask me what happened. When I explained that my baseball had soared through Mrs. Holt’s basement window, breaking the glass with a crash, Steve encouraged me to confess to her. After all, I should have been playing in the park down Fifth Street and not in the path between buildings. Although my knees knocked as I explained to Mrs. Holt, I offered to pay for the window from my pocket money if she would return my ball. I also learned from Steve that personal property is a sacred thing. After I found a shiny silver pen in my fifth-grade classroom, I wanted to keep it, but Steve explained that it might be important to someone else in spite of the fact that it had little value. He reminded me of how much I’d hate to lose to someone else the small dog my father carved from a piece of cheap wood. I returned the pen to my teacher, Mrs. Davids, and still remembered the smell of her perfume as she patted me on my shoulder. Yet of all the instructions Steve gave me, his respect for life is the most vivid in my mind. When I was twelve I killed and old brown sparrow in the yard with a BB gun. Excited with my accuracy, I screamed to Steve to come from the house to take a look. I shall never forget the way he stood for a long moment and stared at the bird on the ground. Then in a dead, quiet voice, he asked, “Did it hurt you first, Mark?” I didn’t know what to answer. He continued with his eyes firm, “The only time you should even think of hurting a living thing is if it hurts you first. And then you think a long, long time. “ I really felt terrible then, but that moment stands out as the most important lesson my brother taught me. 1. What is the main subject of the passage? A. The relationship between mark and Steve. B. The important lesson Mark learned in school C. Steve’s important role in mark’s growing process. D. Mark and Steve’s respect for living things. 2. It can be inferred from the passage that when mark confessed to Mrs. Holt, __________. A. he felt surprised B. he was light-hearted C. he felt frightened D. he knelt before her 3. In the story about the pen, which of the following lessons did Steve teach his brother? A. Respect for personal property. B. Respect for life. C. Sympathy for people with problems. D. The value of honesty. 4. According to the writer, which was the most important lesson Steve taught his young brother? A. Respect for living things. B. Responsibility for one’s actions. C. The value of the honesty. D. Care for the property of others. 5. Which of the follow is true according to the passage? A. Mark was still a boy when he wrote this passage. B. Mark lost the small dog his father carved. C. When a living thing hurts you, you should kill it. D. Even if a living thing hurts you, you should not kill it without hesitation. Keys: 1-5 CCAAD 高考英语阅读练习(063) The Man of Many Secretsharry Houdini was one of the greatest American entertainers in the theater this century. He was a man famous for his escapes form prison cells, from wooden boxes floating in rivers, from locked tanks full of water. He appeared in theaters all over Europe and America. Crowds came to see the great Houdini and his “magic” tricks. Of course, his secret was not magic, or supernatural powers. It was simply strength. He had the ability to move his toes as well as he moved his fingers. He could move his body into almost any position he wanted. Houdini started working in the entertainment world when he was 17, in 1891. He and his brother Theo performed card tricks in a club in New York. they called themselves the Houdini Brothers. When Harry married in 1894, he and his wife Bess worked together as magician and assistant. But for a long time they were not very successful. Then Harry performed his first prison escape, in Chicago in 1898. harry persuaded a detective to let him try to escape from the prison, and he invited the local newspapermen to watch. It was the publicity that came from this the started Hayyr Houdini’s success. Harry had fingers trained to escape from handcuffs and toes trained to escape from ankle chains. But his biggest secret was how he unlocked the prison doors. Every time he went into the prison cell, Bess gave him a kiss for good luckand a small skeleton key, which is a key that fits many locks, passed quickly from her mouth to his. Harry used these prison escapes to build his fame. he arranged to escape from the local jail of every town he visited. In the afternoon, the people of the town would read about it in their local newspapers, and in the evening every seat in the local theater would be full. What was the result? World-wide fame, and a name remembered today. 1. According to the passage, houdini’s success in prison escapes depends on ________. A. his magic tricks and unhuman powers B. his special tricks and a skeleton key C. his unusual ability and a skeleton key D. his unhuman talents and magic tricks 2. In the fourth paragraph, the world “this” refers to ________. A. the previous sentence B. “the publicity” C. the place, Chicago D. the time, 1898 3. According to the passage, how did Houdini get the key which helped him unlock prison doors? A. He took the key from his wife’s mouth. B. His wife passed it to his hand while kissing him. C. His wife gave it to him by a magic trick. D. He got it in his mouth through a kiss by the wife. 4. It can be inferred from the passage that Houdini became famous _________. A. when he was about 24 B. when he was about 17 C. after the year 1894 D. before the year 1898 5. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true? A. Houdini used to be a famous magician in the USA. B. Houdini was first recognized widely in Chicago. C. Houdini entered the entertainment world together with his wife. D. Houdini owed his great success to his small skeleton key. Keys: 1-5 CADAB 高考英语阅读练习(064) How often one hears children wishing they were grown up, and old people wishing they were young again. Each age has its pleasures and its pains, and the happiest person is the one who enjoys what each age gives him without wasting his time in useless regrets. Childhood is a time when there are few responsibilities to make life difficult. If a child has good parents, he is fed, looked after and loved, whatever he may do. It is impossible that he will ever again in his life be given so much without having to do anything in return. in addition, life is always presenting new things to the child-things that have lost their interest for older people because they are too well-known. But a child has his parents, he is not so free to do what he wishes to do;

he is continually being told not to do things or being punished for what he has done wrong. When the young man starts to earn his own living, he can no longer expect others to pay for his food, his clothes, and his room, but has to work if he wants to live comfortably. If he spends most of his time playing about in the way that he used to as a child, he will go hungry. And if he breaks the laws of society as he used to break the laws of his parents, he may go to prison. If, however, he works hard, keeps out of trouble and has good health, he can have the great happiness of building up for himself his own position in society. 1. According to the second paragraph, the writer thinks that _______. A. life for a child is comparatively easy B. a child is always loved whatever he does C. if much is given to a child, he must do something in return D. only children are interested in life 2. After a child grows up, he ________. A. will have little time playing B. has to be successful in finding a job C. can still ask for help in time of trouble D. should be able to take care of himself 3. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage? A. People are often satisfied with their life. B. Life is less interesting for old people. C. Adults are freer to do what they want to do. D. Adults should no longer rely on others. 4. The main idea of the passage is _________. A. life is not enjoyable since each age has some pains B. young men can have the greatest happiness if they work hard C. childhood is the move enjoyable time in one’s life D. one is the happiest if he can make good use of each age in his life 5. The paragraph following this passage will most probably discuss _________. A. examples of successful young men B. how to build up one’s position in society C. joys and pains of old people D. what to do when one has problems in life Keys: 1-5 ADADC 高考英语阅读练习(065) There is a definite possibility that the climate of the world may be changing. Some scientists imagine that this could even mean the beginning of another ice age. The effects of such a change in climate on the human population of the world would be startling(惊人的). Recent research suggests that the general warming tend of the past hundred years or so may be coming to an end. During the past ten years, meteorologists tell us the average temperature of the earth has dropped about one degree Fahrenheit. This does not seem like much, but it could have effects on wind and rain patterns which influence the overall weather picture. If these patterns change a lot, it could mean that certain regions of the world may continue to have long droughts while others will possibly suffer from widespread flooding. What regulates(调节)the climate is not exactly known. Meteorologists believe that clouds may be an important factor in regulating the amount of solar(太阳的)heat held by the earth, which in turn determines he temperature of the planet. Another possibility is that man’s industrial and agricultural methods may be affecting the natural weather patterns. However, the weather is not understood well enough for scientists to say for certain what is happening to the climate and what side effects this will actually have on the word’s population. 1. According to the text, the climate of the world seems to ______. A. be getting colder B. be getting warmer C. remain the same in the past ten years D. have good effects on the world’s population 2. According to what you have read, Which of the following is turn? A. Man’s activities have no effect on the climate. B. Another ice age will come soon. C. People don’t care about the changing climate. D. Scientists are not yet sure about the reason for the changing climate. 3. A meteorologist is a person who ______. A. reads weather forecasts on radio or television B. thinks there will be another ice age C. studies and knows about the weather D. believes there will be widespread flooding 4. Which of the following may be factors that affect the natural weather patterns? A. Clouds B. The amount of heat the earth receives C. Man’s industrial and agricultural methods D. All of the above 5. A best title for the text would be ______. A. Droughts and Floods B. Meteorologists C. Changing Climate D. Solar Heat Keys: 1-5 ADCDC 高考英语阅读练习(066) Ternang, Mon, More than 10,000 people were made homeless in Ternang after six days of continuous heavy rain. The wooden bridge across the river has been swept away. The town is cut by flood eaters. At the fifth mile Jalan Tengku, the water is now two metres deep. It is closed to all traffic. Motorists going south are advised to use Jalan Hisamuddin. Flooding first appeared at mid-afternoon yesterday along the river banks. People moving to higher ground were just in time to escape from the flood. Most of the people had to leave their possessions behind. Helped by the army, police, Red Cross Society, the whole town was moved out of danger. They are now housed near the town of Tulang. “Everything possible is being done to help the unfortunate people,” a government official said, “In fact, money, food and clothing have begun to come in from organizations and people. “ According to the latest reports it is still raining heavily at Ternang. The whole town is expected to be totally covered. So far nobody has been reported dead. 1. Jalan Tengku was closed because ______. A. it had broken up B. the bridge over it had been washed away C. it was deeply flooded D. it was damaged 2. Motorists to the south were advised to ______. A. return home B. avoid all roads C. move the higher ground D. travel by Jalan Hisamuddin 3. The flood victims first escaped to ______. A. the nearby town B. Jalan Hisamuddin C. higher ground D. Tulang 4. The people are staying ______. A. at a newspaper office B. at a police station C. in Tulang D. on their roof tops 5. The flood is expected to ______. A. go down B. cause more rain C. become worse D. kill more people Keys: 1-5 CDCCC 高考英语阅读练习(067) A bar owner locked up the door of his bar at 2 a. m. and went home to sleep. He had been in bed only a few minutes when the phone rang. “What time do you open up in the morning?” he heard an obviously drunken man ask. The owner was so angry that he slammed down(砰地放下)the receiver and went back to bed. A few minutes later there was another call and he heard the same voice ask the same question. “Listen,” the owner shouted, “there is no sense in asking me what time I open because I wouldn’t let a person in your condition in. “I don’t want to get in,” the caller interrupted, “I want to get out. “ 1. The business ended ______. A. at two o’clock before midnight B. at two o’clock after noon C. at two o’clock after midnight D. at two o’clock in the afternoon 2. It’s clear that the caller ______. A. enjoyed himself very much B. had eaten a lot of rice C. drank a lot of wine D. wanted to drink more 3. At first the owner thought ______. A. the caller wanted to drink in his bar B. it too late to enter his bar C. it impolite to phone him at that time D. it of no sense to ask him such a question 4. “What time do you open up?” shows that ______. A. the caller didn’t know the exact time when that bar opened B. the caller was anxious to go to his bar to drink C. the caller left something in the bar and he wanted to find it D. the caller wanted to get out 5. The drunken man made two phone calls to the bar owner ______. A. at a phone booth(公用电话间) B. inside the bar C. at home D. in a hotel Keys: 1-5 CCADB 高考英语阅读练习(068) The human nose has given to the language of the world many interesting expressions. Of course, this is not surprising. Without the nose, we could not breathe or smell. It is the part of the face that gives a person special character. Cyrano de Bergerac said that a large nose showed a great man courageous, manly and wise. A famous woman poet wished that she had two noses to smell a rose! Blaise Pascal made an interesting remark about Cleopatra’s(古埃及王后)nose. If it had been shorter, he said, it would have changed the whole face of the world! Man’s nose has had an important role in his imagination. Man has referred to the nose in many ways to express his emotions. Expressions dealing with the nose refer to human weakness: anger, pride, jealousy(嫉妒)and revenge(报复). In English there are a number of phrases about the nose. For example, to hold up one’s nose expressed a basic human feelingpride. People can hold up their hoses at people, things and places. The phrase, to be led around by the nose, shows man’s weakness. A person who is led around by the nose lets other people control him. On the other hand, a person who follows his nose lets his instinct(本能)guide him. There are a number of others. However, it should be as plain as the nose on your face that the nose in more than an organ for breathing and smelling. 1. The passage is about ______. A. an organ, with which people can breathe and smell B. the nose, which gives different and useful expressions C. the nose giving a person special character D. interesting remarks about the nose made by some people 2. From the passage we know ______. A. “Cleopatra’s nose” changed the whole face of the world indeed. B. Cleopatra had a strong will to change the whole look of the world C. Cleopatra’s nose was not short D. Cleopatra hoped that people would change the whole face of the world 3. The nose expressed ______. A. some human weakness or other B. people’s shortcomings C. people’s different emotions D. human feeling in bad sense 4. A person who follows his nose ______. A. won’t take others’ advice B. is easily controlled by others C. is weak-minded D. has will of his own 5. How many expressions about the nose are mentioned in the passage? A. Two B. Three C. Four D. Five Keys: 1-5 BCCDC 高考英语阅读练习(069) A thief entered the bedroom of the 30th President of the United States, who met him and helped him escape punishment. The event happened in the early morning hours in one of the first days when Calvin Coolidge came into power, late in August, 1923.He and his family were living in the same third-floor suite (套房) at the Willard Hotel in Washington that they had occupied several years before.The former President’s wife was still living in the White House. Coolidge awoke to see a stranger go through his clothes, remove a wallet and a watch chain. Coolidge spoke, “I wish you wouldn’t take that.” The thief, gaining his voice, said, “Why?” “I don’t mean the watch and chain, only the charm (表坠).Take it near the window and read what is impressed on its back, “ the President said. The thief read, “Presented to Calvin Coolidge.” “Are you President Coolidge ? “ he asked. The President answered, “Yes, and the House of Representatives (众议院) gave me that watch charm.I’m fond of it.It would do you no good.You want money.Let’s talk this over.” Holding up the wallet, the young man said in a low vioce, “I’ll take this and leave everything else.” Coolidge, knowing there was $80 in it, persuaded the young man to sit down and talk.He told the President he and his college roommate had overspent during their holiday and did not have enough money to pay their hotel bill. Coolidge added up the roommate and two rail tickets back to the college.Then he counted out $32 said it was a loan (借款). He then told the young man, “There is a guard in the corridor.” The young man nodded and left through the same window as he had entered. 1.What caused the thief to meet the President? A.He knew the President had lots of money. B.He knew the President lived in the suite. C.He wanted to be a rich businessman. D.He wanted to steal some money. 2.Why did Calvin Coolidge live at the Willard Hotel in those days? A.Because the former President was still living in the White House. B.Because the former First Lady hadn’t left the White House. C.Because the First Lady liked to live there. D.Because he liked there. 3.Coolidge counted out $32 ______. A.in order not to be killed by the thief B.in order to be out of danger C.so as to help the young student overcome his difficulty D.because he had no more money 4.The young man’s roommate went back to the college ______. A.by air B.by water C.by bus D.by train 5.Which of the following might happen afterwards? A.The young student repaid the$32. B.The thief was put into prison. C.The President told many reporters the thief’s name. D.The President ordered the young man to repay the money. Keys: 1-5 DBCDA 高考英语阅读练习(070) Homing pigeons are placed in a training program from about the time they are twenty-eight days of age.They are taught to enter the loft through a trap and to exercise above and around the loft and gradually they are taken away for short distance in wicker baskets and released.They are then expected to find their way home in the shortest possible time. In their training flights or in actual races, the birds are taken to prearranged distant points and released to find their way back to their own lofts.Once the birds are liberated, their owners, who are standing by at the home lofts, anxiously watch the sky for the return of their entries.Since time is of the essence (本质) the speed with which the birds can be induced to enter the loft trap may make the difference between gaining a win or a second place. The head of a homing pigeon is comparatively small, but its brain is one quarter larger than that of the ordinary pigeon.The homing pigeon is very intelligent and will persevere to the point of stubbornness (顽强) ;
some have been known to fly a hundred miles off course to avoid a storm. Some homing pigeon experts claim that this bird is gifted with a form of built-in radar that helps it find its own loft after hours of flight, for hidden under the headfeathers are two very sensitive ears, while the sharp prominent (突出的) eyes can see great distances in daytime. Why do homing pigeons fly home? They are not unique in this inherent skill;

it is found in most migratory birds, in bees, ants, toads and even turtles, which have been known to travel hundreds of miles to return to their homes.But in the animal world, the homing pigeon alone can be trusted with its freedom and trained to carry out the missions that people demand. 1.What is the purpose of the passage? A.To convince the reader to buy a homing pigeon. B.To inform the reader about homing pigeons and their training. C.To protect homing pigeons against the threat of extinction. D.To encourage the owners of homing pigeons to set the birds free. 2.According to the passage, what happens to homing pigeons when they are about a month old? A.They are kept in a trap. B.They enter their first race. C.They begin a training program. D.They get their wings clipped and marked. 3.According to the passage, what is the difference between a homing pigeon and an ordinary one? A.The span of the wings. B.The shape of the eyes. C.The texture of the feathers. D.The size of the brain. 4.The underlined word “it” refers to which of the following? A.radar B.bird C.loft D.form 5.Why does the author mention bees, ants, toads and turtles in the last paragraph? A.To describe some unusual kinds of pets. B.To measure distances traveled by various animals. C.To compare their home-finding abilities with those of homing pigeons. D.To interest the reader in learning about other animals. Keys: 1-5BCDBC 高考英语阅读练习(071) The temperature of the sun is over 5000 degrees Fahrenheit at the surface, but it rises to perhaps more than 16 million degrees at the center.The sun is so much hotter than the earth that matter can exist only as a gas, except at the core.In the core of the sun, the pressures are so great against the gases that, despite the high temperature, there may be a small solid core.However, no one really knows, since the center of the sun can never be directly observed. Solar astronomers do know that the sun is divided into five layers or zones.Starting at the outside and going down into the sun, the zones are the corona, chromosphere, photosphere, convection zone and finally the core.The first three zones are regarded as the sun’s atmosphere.But since the sun has no solid surface, it is hard to tell where the atmosphere ends and the main body of the sun begins. The sun’s outermost layer begins about 10000 miles above the visible(可见的) surface and goes outward for millions of miles.This is the only part of the sun that can be seen during an eclipse (食) such as the one in February 1979.At any other time, the corona can be seen only when special instruments are used on cameras and telescopes to shut out the glare of the sun’s rays. The corona is a brilliant, pearly white, filmy light, about as bright as the full moon.Its beautiful rays are a sensational sight during an eclipse.The corona’s rays flash out in a brilliant fan that has wispy spikelike (一束束穗状) rays near the sun’s north and south poles.The corona is thickest at the sun’s equator. The corona rays are made up of gases streaming outward at tremendous speeds and reaching a temperature of more than 2 million degrees Fahrenheit.The rays of gas thin out as they reach the space around the planets.By the time the sun’s corona rays reach the Earth, they are weak and invisible. 1.Matter on the sun can exist only in the form of gas because of the sun’s ______. A.size B.age C.location D.temperature 2.With what topic is the second paragraph mainly concerned? A.How the Sun evolved. B.The structure of the Sun. C.Why scientists study the Sun. D.The distance of the Sun from the planets 3.All of the following are parts of the sun’s atmosphere EXCEPT the ______. A.corona B.chromosphere C.photosphere D.core 4.According to the passage, as the corona rays reach the planets, they become ______. A.hotter B.clearer C.thinner D.stronger 5.The paragraphs following the passage most likely discuss which of the following? A.The remaining layers of the sun. B.The evolution of the sun to its present form. C.The eclipse of February 1979. Keys: 1-5 DBDCA 高考英语阅读练习(072) Having no language, infants cannot be told what they need to learn.Yet by the age of three they will have mastered the basic structure of their native language and will be well on their way to communicative competence (能力).Acquiring (取得) their language is a most impressive intellectual feat.Students of how children learn language generally agree that the most remarkable aspect (方面) of this feat is the rapid acquisition of grammar.Nevertheless, the ability of children to conform to grammatical rules is only slightly more wonderful than their ability to learn words.It has been reckoned that the average high school graduate in the United States has a reading vocabulary of 80000 words, which includes idiomatic expressions and proper names of people and places.This vocabulary must have been learned over a period of 16 years.From the figures, it can be calculated that the average child learns at a rate of about 13 new words per day.Clearly a learning process of great complexity goes on at a rapid rate in children. 1.What is the main subject of the passage? A.Language acquisition in children. B.Teaching languages to children. C.How to memorize words. D.Communicating with infants. 2.The underlined word “feat” is closest in meaning to which of the following? A.experiment B.idea C.activity D.accomplishment 3.The underlined word “reckoned” is closest in meaning to which of the following? A.suspected B.estimated C.proved D.said 4.The underlined word “which” refers to ______ . A.their ability B.reading vocabulary C.idiomatic expression D.learning process 5.According to the passage, what is impressive about the way children learn vocabulary? A.They learn words before they learn grammar. B.They learn even very long words. C.They learn words very quickly. D.They learn the most words in high school. Keys: 1-5 ADBBC 高考英语阅读练习(073) Two American scientists told the people in industrial nations that they would be much healthier if they ate more of the same kind of foods eaten by humans living more than 10,000 years ago. The scientists say that the human body has changed very little since human first appeared on earth, but the way we live has changed greatly.Our body has not been able to deal with these changes in life style and this has led to new kinds of sicknesses.These new sicknesses were not known in ancient times.So they are called “diseases of civilization(文明)”.Many cancers(癌) and diseases of the blood system, including heart attacks and strokes(中风) are examples of such diseases. Scientists noted that early stone-age people used very little alcohol(酒精)or tabacco, probably none.Ancient people also got a great deal of physical exercise, but a change in food is one of the main differences between life in ancient times and life today. Stone-age people hunted wild animals for their meat, which had much less fat than farm animals.They also ate a lot of fresh wild vegetables, and fruits.They did not use milk and other dairy products(乳制品), and they made very little use of grains.But today, we eat a large amount of dairy products and grain foods.We eat six times more salt than stone-age people.We eat more sugar.We eat twice as much fat but only one third as much protein(蛋白质)and much less vitamin(维生素)C. People today probably do not want to live as people thousands of years ago did, but scientists say that we would be much healthier if we ate as those ancient people did, cutting the amount of fatty, salty and sweet foods. 1.The people in industrial nations would be much healthier if they ate ______. A.more foods as humans living 10,000 years ago did B.as humans living 10,000 years ago ate C.more kinds of food eaten by people living over 10,000 years ago D.more of the same kinds of foods eaten by people over 10,000 years ago 2.New kinds of sicknesses have been found because ______ A.the human body has changed compared with human first appeared on earth B.the way we live has changed a little C.our body can’t deal with the changes in life style D.the way we live today are proper for the human body 3.What is the main cause mentioned in the article why people suffer from a lot of new sicknesses? A.Ancient people did a great deal of physical exercise. B.People today have a lot of alcohol. C.People today have more tobacco. D.Food is quite different between life today and life in ancient times. 4.Stone-age people were much healthier than people today because they ate a lot of ______. A.milk and other dairy products B.grain foods and farm animals C.salt and sugar D.wild animals, fresh wild vegetables and fruits 5.From this article, we know that ______ are not good to our health. A.protein and vitamin C B.milk and grain foods C.wild animals, vegetables and fruits D.a huge amount of fatty, salty and sweet foods Keys: 1-5 DCDDD 高考英语阅读练习(074) Shanghai is the largest city in China.About eleven million people make their homes in Shanghai and its suburbs(郊区).This enormous(巨大的)city spreads out along the banks of the Huang Pu River, which flows into the mouth of the Yangtze River about fourteen miles north of here.Large oceangoing ships travel to Shanghai by way of the Yanggze and the Huang Pu. Shanghai was a small, unimportant city until 1842 when China lost a war with Great Britain.The British realized that Shanghai was in an excellent location(位置) to serve as a seaport for the densely(密集) populated Yangtze River Plain.They forced the Chinese to allow English traders to settle on the wastelands outside the city walls.Later, French, American, and Japanese traders also came to Shanghai.The foreigners built whole new sections of Shanghai, including homes, stores, factories, and office buildings.Thousands of Chinese poured into Shanghai in search of jobs.Most of them settled in the old part of the city.As time passed, shanghai became one of the busiest seaports in the world. 1.According to the article, the population inside the city of Shanghai is ______ A.eleven million B.less than eleven million C.more than eleven million D.about eleven million 2.The Huang Pu River is connected with ______ at a spot about fourteen miles ______ of the city. A.the Yangtze……north B.the city…north C.the mouth of Huang Pu River…north D.Yangtze River…south 3.Before 1842, the Yangtze River Plain was ______. A.very developed B.densely populated C.at a war with Great Britain D.a small, unimportant city 4.The British first settled on the land because ______. A.they wanted to build stores here B.they thought the place was beautiful C.they realized that it was a very good location for a seaport D.they wanted to have a war here 5.A lot of Chinese came into Shanghai to ______. A.visit the city B.trade with foreigners C.build one of the busiest seaports D.look for jobs Keys: 1-5 BABCD 高考英语阅读练习(075) In 1986, Willie Mays was paid $ 125,000 to play baseball, but the $ 80,000 a year earned by Babe Ruth, the homerun king of the early 1930’s, went a great deal farther.The two men paid greatly different amounts for federal taxes and consumer goods.read what Dr Lawrence Ritter had to say on this matter.Dr Ritter is chairman of the department of finance(财政)at New York University’s graduate school of business. “On his $ 80,000 Ruth paid $ 11,500 in federal income taxes, giving him a takehome pay of $ 68,500.On his $ 125,000 Mays paid a federal income tax of $ 73,000, leaving $ 52,000 in take-home pay.In addition, consumer prices today are about 2.2 times as high as they were in 1931.At today’s prices, Mays’ $ 52,000 takehome bay would buy what $ 23,000 would have bought in 1931.In terms of purchasing(购买) power, Mays’ Salary(薪水) was worth only about one-third of Ruth’s.” 1.The best title for this passage is ______. A.Poor Willie B.Rich Babe C.Rising Price D.Too Much Tax 2.The passage seems truthful because ______. A.it is about real people B.Dr Ritter is a famous professor C.it gives exact figures(数字) D.it is well written 3.Which of the following is true? A.Ruth had bigger salary. B.Mays got more take-home pay. C.Ruth had bigger purchasing power. D.Mays could spend less money on consumer goods. 4.Mays’ federal income tax is ______ higher than Ruth’s. A.14.4% B.58.4% C.44% D.16.8% 5.From the passage we can conclude that ______. A.the United States is getting richer and richer B.the dollar today is worth less than it was in the thirties C.American people are paid today less than in 1931 D.Amercian sportsmen become poorer and poorer Keys: 1-5 ACCCB 高考英语阅读练习(076) The Antarctic(南极地区)is actually a desert.It is the only continent on the earth without a river or a lake. The Antarctic is all ice all year round.The warmest temperature ever recorded there is zero, at the south Pole.Explorers used to think that a place so cold would have a heavy snowfall.But less than ten inches of snow falls each year.That is less than half an inch of water.Ten times that much moisture(水分) falls in parts of the Sahara. The little snow that falls in Antarctica(南极)never melts.It continues to pile up deeper and deeper year after year and century after century.When the snow gets to be about eighty feet deep, it is turned to ice by the weight of the snow above it. 1.Antarctica is called a desert because it ______. A.is sandy B.has the same temperature as desert C.has little moisture and no lakes or rivers D.all of the above 2.The Antarctic has ______. A.ten times as much moisture as the Sahara B.the same amount of moisture as the Sahara C.about one-tenth the moisture of the Sahara D.none of these 3.The snow in Antarctica is very deep because it ______. A.never stops falling B.piles up year after year C.never melts D.both B and C 4.The snow turns to ice when ______. A.it gets wet B.the temperature gets colder C.the next snowfall comes D.the snow above it is heavy enough 5.The best title for this passage is ______. A.A Strange Continent B.the AntarcticAn Ice C.Snowfall at the South Pole D.the World’s Greatest Desert Keys: 1-5 CCDDB 高考英语阅读练习(077) By following the footsteps on the muddy road, the dog guided us to a small house.I waved to my comrades and we came near to a window.Looking in we found a man turning his radio set or operating some other instruments, possibly trying to get in touch with someone.He suddenly turned round.He must have sensed that there was something wrong.The danger he was in hit him.He picked up his gun, opened the door as quickly as possible, and rushed out, trying to flee.He was out of breath when he saw us closing in and let out a cry in despair(绝望). 1.What does the phrase “closing in” in this passage mean? A.“Shooting at” B.“Coming nearer in order to attack” C.“Making a quick attack” D.“Asking someone to give in” 2.From the story we can infer that ______ A.the police searched for a spy and caught him in the end B.a group of children were playing the game of hide and seek C.the police found the man by chance D.the man was brave enough to face those people 3.From the passage, we can imagine that in the end ______. A. the man was caught easily B.the man was caught after a good fighting C.the man was shot dead D.the man would rather die than give in Key: 1─3 BAA 高考英语阅读练习(078) When my first wartime Christmas came, I was in basic training in New Jersey and not sure if I could make it home for the holidays.Only on the afternoon of December 23 was the list of men who would have three-day passes posted.I was one of the lucky soldiers.It was Christmas Eve when I arrived home, and a light snow had fallen.Mother opened the front door.I could see beyond her, into the corner of the living room where the tree had always stood.There were lights, all colors, and ornaments(装饰物)shining against the green of a pine. “Where did it come from?” I asked. “I asked the Gates boy to cut it,” my mother said.“I wouldn’t have had one just for myself, but when called-oh, such a rush! He just brought it in this afternoon…” The pine reached to the proper height, almost to the ceiling, and the Tree Top Krystal Star was its place.A few green branches reached about a little awkwardly(不够美观地)at the side, I thought, and there was a bit of bare trunk showing in the middle.But the tree filled the room with warm light and the whole house with the pleasant smell of Christmas. “It’s not like the one you used to find,” my mother went on.“Yours were always in good shape.I suppose the Gates boy didn’t know where to look.But I couldn’t be fussy(挑剔的).” “Don’t worry,” I told her.“It’s perfect.” It wasn’t, of course, but at the moment I realized something for the first time:
all Christmas trees are perfect. 1.From the passage, we can infer that ______. A.the writer spent his first Christmas during the war B.soldiers did not all go home for Christmas during the war C.all the soldiers had three-day passes D.the writer could not go home for Christmas 2.When the writer got home, ______. A.it was December 23 B.it was snowing heavily C.he found a Christmas tree in the living room D.the Gates boy was cutting a Christmas tree for his mother 3.From this passage, we can conclude that ______. A.the writer used to cut very beautiful Christmas trees B.his mother didn’t like perfect trees C.his mother didn’t want to have a tree D.the writer wouldn’t have a tree cut by someone else 4.“All Christmas trees are perfect”, because they can remind you of ______. A.the wartime B.the green of a pine C.the pleasant smell D.the sweet home 5.The best title for this passage would be “______”. A.How to Choose a Christmas Tree B.How Soldiers Spent Christmas C.The Perfect Christmas Tree D.The Christmas Without a Tree Key: 1-5 BCADC 高考英语阅读练习(079) Nowadays,most employees of local high-tech industries are below the age of 35,and for newly rising industries such as computer software and the Internet, the figure is below 30.People in this age bracket(阶层) are known as Generation-X,which is made up of those born between 1963 and 1981(i. e. those aged between 17 and 35).Compared with those born from 1946 to 1960,Generation-X are typically independent, they also have their shortcomings.Employers often complain that Generation-X are a group hard to manage.Although willingness and enthusiasm(热情)are highly valued by Generation-X,they will not accept orders blindly.In short,Generation-X will not accept authoritarian(权力主义) leadership.They expect their leaders to have a detailed understanding of the job, and most importantly,to treat them as an important member of them-as partners. As a result, managing Generation-X employees is not only a science but also an art.There are basic guidelines to follow in managing them and helping them perform at their best:
1.Support them in their quest(追求)for knowledge skills;

2.Room for creativity and failure:
3.Provide frequent and timely feedback(反馈);

4.Provide communication channels If managers follow these basic guidelines, they may find that the employees they once considered as young, selfish and uncontrollable turn out to be responsible, energetic team players. 1.Generation-X in this article refers to the group of people who are______. A.educated employees below the age of 35 B.young hard-working workers in factories C.disliked by the managers D.born after the year of 1963 2.From the article we know that the writer ______. A.thinks highly of Generation-X B.feels disappointed with Generation-X C.has a perfect understanding of Generation-X D.suggests that the managers be strict with Generation-X 3.Employers often complain about Generation-X because ______. A.these young people will not accept their leadership B.they don’t understand their employees’ job C.managing this group of people is no easy job D.they don’t know how to manage and help this group of people 4.If you were a manager working with Generation-X, you should ______. A.treat them as equals and encourage them to try new ideas B.give them orders frequently and make them work hard C.let them know they are selfish and uncontrollable D.warn them that they may lose jobs at any time Key: 1─4 ACDAD 高考英语阅读练习(080) A spell checker is a program that checks the spelling of every word in a document by looking up each word in its dictionary.If the word does not appear in the dictionary, the user is alerted to a possible misspelling, and possible corrections are often suggested.Many word processing(处理) programs include spell checkers.An effective spell checker needs to store a large number of words using efficient data(数据) compression(压缩) techniques, and it must be able to search the list quickly with a binary(二进位的) search.A spell checker will not recognize unusual proper names or specialized terms, but it will often allow you to create your own personal dictionary of specialized words you often use.Spell checkers are valuable aids to proofreading, but they cannot catch the substitution of one correctly spelled word for another(such as form for from, or to for too).Thus they do not make sure that a document is free of spelling errors. 1.Which of the following words will a spell checker not be able to recognize? A.maximum B.minibus C.Mickey D.Mathilde 2.Which of the following mistakes cannot a spell checker find? A.Tom is watiting for Mary outsyde the school gate. B.Tom is waiting or Mary outside the school gate. C.Tom is waitting or Mary outside the school gate. D.Tum is waiting for Mary outside the school gate. 3.What does the word “alerted” in the passage probably mean? A.suggested B.warned C.reminded D.led Key: 1-3 DBB 高考英语阅读练习(081) In China some radio broadcasting stations use hotlines to encourage the listeners to take part in the talk shows. That"s a good idea. Yes, the fact is some people do nothing but break the whole programme. Some people know little about the topic under the discussion. Sometimes they do not even know what the host(主持人)is talking about. So the host has to tell the caller what the show is about. Usually the caller will ask a few questions which express his hope and show his ignorance(无知). The host has to answer and explain──how silly this is! It wastes a lot of time. It seems that some people phone the hotlines in fun. They just want to let the listeners hear them. They don"t care what the topic is, whether they themselves are interested in the topic or how silly they appear to be. It"s necessary for radio broadcasting stations to improve the hotline programmes. In my opinion, if a caller doesn"t know what is going on, the operator should not let the caller take part in it. 1. The sentence "...some people do nothing but break the whole programmes may tell us that_______. A. radio broadcasting stations use hotlines in a wrong way B. some people have unclear thoughts C. there are problems to solve in the use of hotlines by some radio broadcasting stations D. the use of hotlines by some radio broadcasting stations is a good idea 2. Which of the following is not true according to the passage? A. Some people do not know what the host is talking about. B. Some people do not know what the show is about. C. Some people know little about the topic under the discussion. D. The writer tells us that the host is silly. 3. The host has to answer and explain________. A. because Of lots of questions raised by the caller B. because of the caller"s ignorance C. for the host likes talking to the caller D. for the host works hard 4. The passage doesn"t tell us the idea________. A. that some listeners phone the hotlines in fun B. that some people just wont to be heard by others C. that some people who don" t care what the topic is must have realized that they appear to be silly D. what the hotline programmes are Keys: 1-4 CDBC 高考英语阅读练习(082) People today expect to be examined when they enter a doctor"s office. At least they expect their blood pressure and temperature to be measured. However, as recently as two hundred years ago, a doctor"s treatment depended on talking with patients. In general, the communication between doctors and their patients was the most important part of medical methods. The modem age of medicine began with the stethoscope ,an instrmnent for listening to patients heartbeat and breathing. Before that, a doctor did not touch a patient. In fact,there was no such things as a medical examination. The stethoscope──and all other medical instruments──-had a serious effect, on the practice of medicine. Doctors became better at finding the medical problems. More lives were saved. At the same time, doctors gave less importance to the communication between patients and doctors. Some doctors actually stopped talking to their patients. It is easy to understand why some sick people thought themselves as broken machines. 1. A stethoscope can be used to________. A. check health conditions B. cure some illness C. measure temperature D. treat heart disease 2. Doctors gave less importance to the communication between patients and doctors mainly because________. A. modern medical instruments were used B. they could cure more diseases and save more lives C. they had much more medical experience than before D. they were too busy to have time to talk with patients 3. Some sick people thought of themselves as broken machines, which suggested that_______. A. modern doctors should treat their patients as machines B. the level of the treatment was greatly improved C. they thought they were useless just like broken machines D. they were not satisfied with the manner in which doctors treated them 4. The best title for this passage should be________. A. Medical Methods of Two Hundred Years Ago B. The Development of Medical Methods C. The Modem Age of Medicine D. The Use of the Stethoscope Keys: 1-4 AADB 高考英语阅读练习(083) We may be very pleased with the rapid progress we have made in every field of study. But the way to test a student"s knowledge and ability still remains as poor as it was, We have almost done nothing to improve our examination system. It is well known that the examination system we are now using may be a good way of testing a student"s memory, but it can tell you nothing about a student"s ability. It does no good to students and teachers. As soon as a child begins school,he enters a world of examination that will decide his future of job. In fact a good examination system should train a student to think for himself. But it now does nothing about that. So students are encouraged to member what is taught. It does not enable them to gain more and note knowledge. The students who come out first in the examination often may not be the best in their studies. Besides, the examinations often force teachers to train students what to do with the coming examination from time to time. There must be some simpler and better way to test a student" s ability besides knowledge. And that is what we should do at once. 1. Now little has been done to________. A. decide a student"s job B. test a student"s ability C. test a student"s knowledge D. test a student"s memory 2. The examination system we are now using can only make the students________. A. gain more and more knowledge B. make rapid progress C. remember what is taught D. think for themselves 3. In order to make students gain high marks in the coming examination, teachers have to________. A. develop their students" ability B. fill their students" heads with much information C. teach freely D. teach their students how to study 4. The passage tells us about the importance of________. A. getting examination system improved B. taking examinations C. testing a student" s knowledge D. working hard at all lessons Keys: 1-4 BCBA 高考英语阅读练习(084) Some English words are made up of the same part and have different beginnings and different endings, such as import, report and transport. All these words, you can see, have the same root "port", which comes from the Latin word, meaning"to carry"or"to move"from one place to another. And according to the bit at the beginning- which we call the prefix(~S~) -the meaning changes: "import" means "to...... carry in” or "to bring into a country”; export , "ex" means "out of" , so this word means "to carry out of a country"; "re" means "back”, so the word "report” means "to tell somebody to bring back information to somebody"; "transport", "trans" means "across" and it means " to carry across one place to another". Let"s look at the following words: supporter, reporter, importer and exporter. You can see that in this case these words are nouns which are made up of the verbs plus a suffix(后辍) ,thus meaning a person who completes the verb. So supporter means somebody who supports. A reporter is somebody who reports. Importer is somebody who imports and exporter is somebody who exports, and so on. 1. In the sentence "Some English words are made up of the same part…"", "part" means _______. A. different beginnings and different endings B. the root of a word C. the same root which has different meanings D. the same part which has several meanings 2. Which of the following is not true according to the passage? A. Apart from"port”, most English words have the same root which comes from the Latin word. B. "Port" has the root meaning "to move” from one place to another. C. "Port” is the root forming some English words. D. The root "port" means "to carry". 3. By adding a prefix or a suffix to a root, we can get a word which has_______. A. a different meaning B. a lot of meanings C. the meaning of a Latin word D. the meaning of "in" or" out of" 4. We can get a noun_________. A. by adding a suffix to a verb B. by changing a prefix C. just by adding "er" to verbs D. only by adding" er" to a root Keys: 1-4 BAAA 高考英语阅读练习(085) To lift something from the floor correctly, first bend your knees and squat down. Keep your back and hips(臀部) and waist (腰部) in a line. If you bend over, the muscles ( ~ I$1 ) in your lower back can become hurt easily. If you keep your back and hips straight, the muscles are stronger, because they have much more support. The other muscles can then help the lower back muscles. As you squat down, try to get close to the object as possible. For example, if you are going to pick up a heavy box, squat down directly in front of it. Maybe you will have to spread your knees and legs. Put one knee on each side of the box. Remember at all times to keep your back straight. Put your hands under the object that is in front of you, between your knees. To lift the object, you should stand up slowly. Use your muscles in order to stand up. In other words, lift with your legs, not with your back. 1. The underlined word "squat" means________. A. to bend over your waist B. to bend yourself by bending your legs C. to lower yourself by bending your legs D. to stand straight 2. You should keep your back straight so that________. A. the muscles can" t be hurt B. the muscles will have more support C. you seem to be stranger D. you will get more muscles 3. The correct way to lift something heavy from the floor is________. A. to bend over from your waist first B. to bend your knees and squat down first C. to keep your back in a line D. to put your hands under the object 4. What lifts the object in fact? A. The muaelea of your arms. B. The muscles of your back. C. Your hands. D. Your leg muscles. Keys: 1-4 CBBD 高考英语阅读练习(086) In 1977, a dead author of detective stories saved the life of a 19-month-old baby in a most unusual way. The author was Agatha Christie, one of the most successful writers of detective stories in the world. In June 1977, a baby girl became seriously ill in Qatar, near Saudi Arabia. Doctors were unable to find out the cause of her illness with confidence, so she was sent to Hammersmith Hospital in London. She was then only semi-conscious and on the "Dangerously Ill" list. A team of doctors hurried to examine the baby only to discover that they, too, were confused by the very unusual symptoms (症状). While they were discussing the baby"s case, a nurse asked to speak to them. "Excuse me," said Nurse Marsha Maitlan, "but I think the baby is suffering from thallium (铊) poisoning." "What makes you think that?" Dr. Brown asked. "Thallium poisoning is extremely rare." "A few days ago, I was reading a novel called A Pale Horse by Agatha Christie," Nurse Maitlan explained. "In the book, somebody uses thallium poison, and all the symptoms are described. They"re exactly the same as the baby"s." "You"re very thoughtful and you may be right," another doctor said. "We"ll carry out some tests and find out whether it"s thallium or not." Tests showed that the baby had indeed been poisoned by thallium, a rare metallic substance used in making special glass. Once they knew the cause of the illness, the doctors were able to give the baby the correct treatment. She soon recovered and was sent back to Qatar. Later it was reported that the poison might have come from an insecticide (杀虫剂) used in Qatar. Choose the correct answer. 1. The one who first suggested the correct cause of the baby"s illness was _____. A. a doctor in Qatar B. Nurse Maitlan C. Dr. Brown D. Agatha Christie 2. The baby was sent to London because _____. A. she was born there B. the hospitals in Qatar were full at that time C. she was the daughter of a doctor in London D. the Qatar doctors were not sure whether they could cure her 3. As far as we can tell from the passage, Agatha Christie _____. A. had never met this baby B. had spent a long time studying the baby"s case C. visited the baby in the hospital at Hammersmith D. gave Nurse Maitlan some advice on the phone 4. It seems likely from the passage that the baby"s illness had something to do with _____. A. a dangerous pair of glasses B. the water in Qatar C. a harmful substance used to kill insects D. a dead writer 5. When the baby was sent to the hospital in London, her case was considered to be _____. A. an urgent one B. quite a simple one C. a usual one D. the result of thallium poisoning Keys: BDACA 高考英语阅读练习(087) The expensive shops in a famous arcade (有拱廊的街道) near Piccadilly were just opening. At this time of the morning, the arcade was almost empty. Mr. Taylor, the owner of a jewellery shop was admiring a new window display. Two of his assistants had been working busily since 8 o"clock and had only just finished. Diamond necklaces and rings had been beautifully arranged on a background of black velvet (丝绒). After gazing at the display for several minutes, Mr. Taylor went back into his shop. The silence was suddenly broken when a large car, with its headlights on and its horn blaring (喇叭响声), roared down the arcade. it came to stop outside the jeweller"s. One man stayed at the wheel two others with black stockings over their faces jumped out and smashed the window of the shop with iron bars. While this was going on, Mr. Taylor was upstairs. He and his staff began throwing furniture out of the window. Chairs and tables went flying into the arcade. One of the thieves was struck by a heavy stature, but he was too busy helping himself to diamonds to notice any pain. The raid (袭击) was all over in three minutes, for the men scram-bled back into the car and it moved off at an unbelievable speed. Just as it was leaving, Mr. Taylor rushed out and ran after it throwing ashtrays (烟灰缸) and vases, but it was impossible to stop the thieves. They had got away with thousands of pounds worth of diamonds. Choose the correct answer. 1. The expensive shops in ____ were just opening. A. Piccadilly"s famous arcade B. a Piccadilly famous arcade C. a famous Piccadilly arcade D. the famous arcade of Piccadilly 2. Had one of the thieves not been so busy taking the diamonds, he ____ the blow. A. would feel B. had been feeling C. had felt D. would have felt 3. While Mr. Taylor was admiring the new window display ____. A. his two assistants were arranging jewellery in the window B. some thieves were arranging C. he was standing inside his shop D. his staff were finishing their work for the day 4. The car headlights were on and its horn blaring ____. A. as the thieves wanted to warn people out of their way B. as a special signal to the assistants C. as the thieves could see where they were going D. to break the early morning silence. 5. The thieves chose Mr. Taylor"s shop because ____. A. it was early in the morning and not many shop were open B. they didn"t expect Mr. Taylor and his staff to try and stop them C. it usually had a great deal of valuable jewellery on display D. they had a very fast car to get away in Keys: CDBAC 高考英语阅读练习(088) Mary and Peter were having a picnic with some friends near a river when Mary notice an object overhead. "Look!" she shouted to her friends. "That"s a spaceship up there and it"s going to land here." Frightened by the strange silver-colored spaceship, most of the young people got in their cars and drove away quickly. Peter was fond of Mary and always stayed close to her. They, more curious than frightened, watched the spaceship land and saw a door open. When nobody came out, they went to the spaceship and entered inside. Peter followed Mary into the spaceship and did not hear the door closed behind him. The temperature fell rapidly and the two young people lost consciousness. When they woke up, they were surprised to see that they were back by the river again. The spaceship had gone. Their car was nearby. "What happened?" asked Mary. Peter scratched (抓) his head, saying slowly, "Don"t ask me. Perhaps we had a dream. Did you...Did you see a spaceship?" "Yes," said Mary. "And we both went into it. Then..." she looked at her wrist. "That"s funny. My watch has stopped. Oh, well, come on. It"s time to go home." Driving about fifty meters, they found their way blocked by a thick wall made of something like glass. They got out of the car and tried to find their way round the wall but discovered that they were inside a circular wall. It was like a mirror and prevented them from seeing through it. On the other side of the wall, strange creatures walked past slowly. A few stopped to stare through the wall and read a new notice which, translated into English, said: "New arrivals at the zoo: a pair of Earthlings in their natural surroundings with their mobile house." Choose the correct answer. 1. When the spaceship arrived, why didn"t Peter drive away? A. He did not like leaving Mary. B. He knew that the spaceship was harmless. C. He was too frightened to drive. D. There was a wall blocking the road. 2. Why did Peter enter the spaceship? A. He saw the food and was hungry. B. Mary told him to enter it. C. He just followed Mary. D. He wanted to study it. 3. Peter scratched his head so we know that _____. A. he had lost consciousness B. he was puzzled and did not know what to say to Mary C. he had lost his memory D. he was still half asleep 4. What do the words "strange creatures" mean to tell us? A. They were wild animals in a zoo. B. They were robbers. C. They had landed on Earth in a spaceship and lived there. D. The young couple were on another planet. 5. Which word in the notice tells us that Mary and Peter were not on earth? A. natural B. surroundings C. Earthlings D. house Keys: ACBDC 高考英语阅读练习(089) It began as a game: high school and college students studying computer technology figured out (领会到,想象出来) they could use personal computers to break into (闯入) telephone company computers and make free, long-distance telephone calls. These young computer wizards (奇才) soon gained the nickname "hackers (黑客)". Police put the collar on (拘留,逮捕) a few hackers, but many went on to even more complex hacking. One hacker was arrested for making illegal telephone calls and later used a jailhouse (监狱) phone to alter (变更) a police officer"s credit records (信用记录) to get back at (报复) the officer for arresting him. The hacker also used a computer to alter his college records to give himself better grades. As hackers gained experience, they began invading (侵入) computers at banks, airlines and other businesses. In one scheme (计划,方案), a hacker instructed an airline"s computer to give him free airplane tickets. The U.S. government is worried hackers may break into its sophisticated (复杂的,尖端的) networks of defense computers. The government"s classified (分类的) secrets are vulnerable (脆弱的) because thousands of government computers are connected by telephone lines that hackers can tap into (敲入,进入). In November 1988, a college student tapped into a non-classified U.S. Defense Department computer network called Arpanet. The hacker injected (输入,注入) a computer program that left copies of itself throughout Arpanet. Some hackers use each "viruses (病毒)" to destroy all the data in a computer. But in this case, government officials shut down the network before the program reached every computer in the system. Shutting down the system angered many researchers who were using the computers. The hacker turned himself in (自首) to police and told them how to get his program out of the computer system. He was charged with a crime. The incident put the spotlight on (引起留意) computer hacking in the United States. Many companies have hired experts to protect their computers from hackers, and many computer experts now advise companies on how to protect their computers. The U.S. government believes foreign governments have hired hackers to try to break into top-secret (绝密的) defense computers. It fears a hacker could inject a virus into military computers that would erase all the data during a war. Experts disagree over whether a computer network can ever be safe from hacking. But in the future, some of the most brilliant (杰出的,卓越的) minds in the U.S. will be working to frustrate (挫败) the efforts of computer hackers and spies. Choose the correct answer. 1. The main idea of the article is _____. A. computer hackers only want to make free long-distance phone calls B. the government wants to hire computer hackers to spy on the Russians C. computer hackers are a threat to private companies and government secrets D. many companies have hired experts to protect their computers from hackers who carry viruses 2. A computer "virus" is like a human virus because it _____. A. makes a computer cough and throw up B. spreads from one computer to other computers C. can erase a person"s doctor bills D. requires regular visits to a doctor 3. A hacker can be dangerous because _____. A. he knows how to make free long-distance telephone calls B. vital information is stored in computers, and a hacker knows how to change or erase the information C. once in jail, he can use a telephone to operate his computer D. a hacker who steals a free airplane ticket might deprive a doctor of that seat on the airplane 4. U.S. government computers are vulnerable to a hacker because _____. A. the government always pays its telephone bills on time B. the Russians know what"s in the U.S. computers C. viruses attack only government computers D. many government computers are connected by telephone lines 5. In the future _____. A. Some of the most brilliant minds in America will be working to try to stop computer hackers and spies B. hackers will begin invading computers at banks, airlines and other businesses C. many computer hackers will be arrested for making free telephone calls D. some computer hackers will turn themselves in to the police Keys: CBBDA 高考英语阅读练习(090) Animal experimentation(实验) is the backbone(支柱,基础) of American research and treatment of disease. Each year, 17 million to 22 million animals are sacrificed in the name of(以......的名义) science. While 90 percent of them are rats and mice, 180,000 dogs, 50,000 cats, 61,000 monkeys and 554,000 rabbits are done away with in laboratories operated by industry and government. But the public has raised an outcry(导致抗议) over these deaths. Spurred(驱策,刺激) vivid(生动的) reports of cruelty(残忍), the animal rights movement(维护动物权利运动) is made up of (由...组成)7,000 organizations with 10 million members. They"ve documented(用文件或证书等证实) cases in which monkeys were isolated(隔离) in steel tanks(箱、柜) for 45 days and dogs were bombarded(轰击、辐射) with radiation(放射线) or chemicals until they bled from the mouth. Scientists say such incidents(事件) are rare. Laws have been passed to govern(治理) testing. Many research centers now have committees(委员会) to review(审查) all proposed animal experiments, and computers can be used in place of(代替)animals in many experiments. But scientists say they can"t do without(不用,放弃) animals to test new drugs and treatments on animals to make sure they"re safe for humans. Animal experiments produced vaccines(疫苗) or treatments for diseases such as diabetes(糖尿病), and techniques used in open heart surgery(心脏外科手术). They"re important to efforts to find a treatment for AIDS. Animal rights activists have shown they will go to almost any length(奉陪到底). One New York researcher received more than 10,000 protest(抗议) letters following publicity(公开) of her experiments in which she gave drugs to monkeys. The researcher was studying drug addiction(依靠,成瘾). A protester was arrested in Connecticut for placing a pipe bomb(铁管土炸药)outside a company that used animals in tests. After fires and break-ins(闯入,破门而入), many labs have bought electronic locks and alarms for protection. Other targets(目标,对象) of the animal rights movement are the fur industry, farms, and school biology(生物学) classes in which children dissect(解剖) frogs. The movement has scored some successes(获得某些成功). A dozen states no longer allow pounds(兽栏) ── places that accept dogs and cats that have no homes ── to sell animals to scientists. Scientists claim the cost of their work will rise as a result. The battle between scientists and activists raises a basic question: Can modern society be both humane(仁慈的) in its treatment of living things(生物) and advanced(先进的,高级的) in its treatment of disease? It seems certain there will be new restrictions(限制,约束) placed on the use of animals in scientific experiments. Choose the correct answer. 1. The main idea of the article is _____. A. fewer animals should be taken to laboratories B. Americans are questioning the use of animals in experiments C. mice and rats make the best subjects for experiments D. scientific experiments can be carried out without animals 2. Animal experiments will probably continue because _____. A. scientists insist they are harmless B. the groups that oppose them aren"t very big or powerful C. they are critical for understanding and curing human disease D. there are enough regulations to protect animals from abuse 3. Proponents of animal rights are most convincing when they _____. A. explode bombs at laboratories that conduct scientific tests B. point out the diseases that have been cured by scientists C. threat their own pets kindly D. give examples of animals that were mistreated in labs 4. The animal rights movement is _____. A. not very successful in passing laws to protect animals B. trying many different approaches to accomplish its goals C. more interested in protecting dogs than in protecting mice D. supported mostly by people who dislike scientists 5. Scientists will be satisfied only if _____. A. they can continue using animals in their experiments B. the animal rights movement comes to a halt C. they install locks and alarms on their labs D. their supply of animals is increased significantly Keys: BCDBA 高考英语阅读练习(091) A Father’s day is a day set aside for honouring fathers in church services and in the home. It’s celebrated in the U.S. in the third Sunday of June. This idea was begun by Mrs John Bruces Dodd, who in 1909 persuaded an organization in Washington to salute fathers with special church services. The idea was officially agreed to by President Woodrow Wilson in 1916. In 1924, President Calvin Coolidge suggested national celebration of the day to form closer relations between fathers and their children, and to impress upon fathers the full measure of their duties. The red or white rose is recognized as the official Father’s Day flower. 1. Father’s Day, at first, meant ______. A. to respect all the fathers B. to win honour for fathers in church services C. to do honour to fathers at home D. to warn the fathers of their duties 2. Father’s Day was first celebrated by _____. A. the French B. the British C. the German D. the American 3. The first president who agreed to Father’s Day was _____. A. Woodrow Wilson B. Calvin Coolidge C. George Washington D. Abraham Lincoln 4. The president wanted Father’s Day to be a day on which _____. A. people remembered their fathers B. the relations between fathers and their children became closer C. fathers must remember that they should be good fathers D. both B and C Keys: 1. A 2. D 3. A 4. D 高考英语阅读练习(092) Few can refuse to accept the strange coincidences (巧合) in the deaths of John F. Kennedy and Abraham Lincoln. For example, Kennedy was elected in 1960 while Lincoln came into power in the U.S. in 1860. Both men were murdered from behind, on a Friday, and with their wives present. The two men were born exactly one hundred years apart, as were their murderers, Lee Harvey Oswald and John Wilkes Booth. Perhaps the strangest coincidence is that Kennedy’s secretary, whose name was Lincoln, advised him not to go to Dellas where he was shot, and Lincoln’s secretary, whose name was Kennedy, advised him not to go to the Ford Theater where he met his death. 1. Both of the two men _____. A. were presidents of the U.S. B. were elected presidents of the U.S. twice C. had a secretary by the name of Kennedy D. were murdered by the men of the same names. 2. From the passage we can find out _____. A. Oswald and Booth were of an age B. Oswald was 100 years older than Booth C. Booth was 100 years younger than Oswald D. There were 100 years between Oswald and Booth 3. Abraham Lincoln and john F. Kennedy were murdered _____. A. in Dellas B. at a stadium C. at a theater D. with their wives on the spot 4. There were such strange coincidences between the two American presidents that _____. A. nobody can accept B. almost everybody can accept C. only a few persons can accept D. hardly anybody has to accept Keys: 1. A 2. D 3. D 4. B 高考英语阅读练习(093) The man from the west stopped and drew back his arm. "You’re not Jimmy Wells," he said in a quick and angry way, "Twenty years is a long time, but not long enough to change a man’ nose from a Roman to pug." "It sometimes changes a good man into a bad one,” said the tall man, "you’ve been under arrest for ten minutes. Silky Bob. Chicago thinks you may have dropped over our way and phones us she wants to have a word with you. Going quietly, are you? That’s sensible. Now before we go to the station here’s a note I was asked to hand you. You may read it here at the window. It’s from Patrolman Wells.?" The man from the West opened the little piece of paper handed him. His hand was steady when he began to read, but it trembled a little by the time he抎 finished. The note was rather short. Bob: I was at the right place on time. When you struck the match to light your cigar I saw it was the face wanted in Chicago. Somehow I couldn’t do it myself, so I went around and got a plain clothes man (便衣) to do the job. 1. The man from the West must have broken the law _____. A. in Chicago B. in New York C. in his hometown D. somewhere else 2. The man from the West recognized the tall man not to be the one he had been waiting for because the tall man ____. A. had a different accent from his B. had a different nose from his friend’s C. was his another old friend D. said "Chicago wants to talk with you.?" 3. The two men may have walked _____. A. for ten minutes B. arm in arm C. face to face D. both A and B 4. We can suppose Jim _____. A. was afraid of the man from the West B. got another man to help him when necessary C. had an appointment with Bob 20 years ago D. had something else to do and couldn’t come himself Keys: 1-4 ABDC 高考英语阅读练习(094) Shopping ──bag ladies don’t beg publicly, but they do not refuse what is offered. Once a shopping ──bag lady appears where you live, it is as hard to pass her by without giving her some money as it is to pay no attention to the collection box(功德箱)in church. And although you may not like it, if she chooses your doorway as her place to sleep in the night, it is as morally hard to turn her away as it is to do with a lost dog. Most shopping ──bag ladies seem to be between the ages of 40 and 65. They wear layers (层) of clothes even in summer time, with newspapers filled between the layers as something against bad weather. No one knows how many shopping ──bag ladies there are in New York.. The number is going up. Some persons and researchers spend a great deal of time taking care of or observing shopping ──bag lag ladies and doing what they can to better the life lady hermits (隐士) who’re down. 1. Shopping-bag ladies are _____. A. lady beggars B. ladies who sell shopping-bags C. ladies who make shopping-bags D. those who go hungry 2. They fill newspapers between the layers of their clothed because _____. A. they are so poor B. they have no place to put them C. they want to hide them D. they have to use them to keep the cold out 3. They fill newspapers between the layers of their clothes because _____. A. they are so poor B. they have no place to put them C. they want to hide them D. they have to use them to keep the cold out 4.Which of the following statements is not true ? A. There are more and more shopping-bag ladies in the United States. B. Shopping-bag ladies appears only in New York. C. Some people are helping shopping-bag ladies. D. Some people are engaged in their research on these shopping-bag ladies. Keys: 1-4 ADDB 高考英语阅读练习(095) No one could have failed to be moved had he watched the live televised volleyball game between the Chinese and Cuban women’s teams. As we sat before the television set, with our eyes fixed on the screen, we experienced every kind of feeling. When the two teams played neck and neck, we were on pins and needles, anxious as to what would come next, and when our team fell behind our hearts were in our mouths. Watching the game between those two teams is not only a matter of great joy. For more than that it provides food for thought. Just see how the Chinese women won the game ──by their co ──operation (合作), by their excellent skill, their effort and strong will. A Chinese saying goes, “When two competent opponents (比赛的双方) meet, the strong ──minded one will win. “This is the spirit of the Chinese Women’s Volleyball Team. If every Chinese showed some of the spirit, never losing heart in times of difficulty and remaining clear ──minded in times of advantage (优势), then our nation would stand in the vanguard (前列) of the world family of nations, just as the Chinese Women’s Volleyball Team has done, is doing and will do. 1. While watching the game, we _____. A. had feelings of different kind B. enjoyed a friendly and wonderful game C. clapped and cheered only for the Chinese Women’s Volleyball Team D. were eager to know what would happen later on 2. The wonderful game _____. A. brought us great joy B. provided us with food for our thoughts C. gave us not only great joy but also food for thoughts D. give us a valuable amusement 3. The author believed that _____. A. the Chinese Women’s Volleyball Team was the strongest B. China was sure to become stronger and stronger if only we have that spirit of the Chinese Women’s Volleyball Team C. The Chinese must remain clear-minded in time of advantage D. The Chinese Women’s Volleyball Team never lost heart in times of difficulty 4. The best title of the passage might be _____. A. Watching a Close Volleyball Game B. The Spirit of the Chinese Women’s Volleyball Team C. Learn from the Members of the Volleyball Team D. The Strong ──Minded Are the Winners B) Keys: 1-4 ACBD 高考英语阅读练习(096) George Banks was a clever journalist. He worked for a good newspaper, and he liked arguing very much. He argued with anybody, and about anything. Sometimes the people whom he argued with were as clever as he was, but often they were not. He did not mind arguing with stupid people at all: he knew that he could never persuade them to agree, because they could never really understand what he was saying, and the stupider they were, the surer they were that they were right; but he often found that stupid people said very amusing things. At the end of one argument which George had with one of these less clever people, the man said something which George has always remembered and which has always amused him. It was, “Well, Sir, you should never forget this: there are always three answers to every question: you answer, my answer, and the correct answer.” 1. It seemed to George as if ________. A. it was more interesting to argue with as clever people as he was B. it was more interesting to argue with clever people than with stupid ones C. it was more interesting to argue with stupid people than with clever ones D. it was no good arguing with stupid people  2. From the passage we can conclude that________. A. George did nothing but argue with others B. George was a man full of sense of humour C. George always won the arguments D. What George said was difficult to understand  3. Why didn’t George mind arguing with stupid people? Because ________ A. he wanted to win the arguments B. he wanted to make the arguments more heated C. stupid people could be easily fooled D. what stupid people said could often give him greater pleasure  4. What one of the stupid people said at the end of one argument could be considered very________. A. clever B. stupid C. strange D. special Keys: 1. C 2. B 3. D 4. A 高考英语阅读练习(097) There were many beautiful buildings in ancient Rome, but the living conditions for ordinary people were bad. Most of their homes were so poorly made that they fell down or were fire hazards (=danger) with their steep, narrow wooden stairways. Most people were packed into apartment buildings that rose shakily (=unsafely) six to twelve floors above the ground. The apartments were rooms about three metres square, and each building housed about five hundred people. These tall buildings faced each other across streets only three metres wide, so no sunlight reached the ground. Even so, apartments were costly, though cheaper places could be had outside Rome. But people wanted to be near their work and entertainment. So the streets became crowded and it was hard to move quickly. At night, the streets were filled with noise as food and supplies were brought into the city on wagons and carts. 1. In ancient Rome, most people lived in ________ apartments. A. small and crowded B. clean and tidy C. spacious and sunny D. tall and big  2. The streets in ancient Rome were ________. A. crowded and noisy B. wide and bright C. narrow and dark D. both A and C  3. People liked to live in Rome Because________. A. the apartments were comfortable B. the living expenses were low C. they have no money to build houses outside the city D. they wanted to enjoy the conveniences of the city  3. This passage is mainly about ________ in ancient Rome. A. the beautiful buildings B. the living conditions of ordinary people C. the streets and transportation D. the food and daily supplies Keys: 1. A 2. D 3. D 4. B 高考英语阅读练习(098) If you wish to become a better reader, here are four important points to remember about rate, or speed, of reading: 1. Knowing why you are reading—what you are reading to find out—will often help you to know whether to read rapidly or slowly. 2. Some things should be read slowly throughout. Examples are directions for making or doing something, arithmetic problems, science and history books, which are full of important information. You must read such things slowly to remember each important step and understand each important idea. 3. Some things should be read rapidly throughout. Examples are simple stories meant for enjoyment, news, letters from friends, items, or bits of news from local, or hometown, paper, telling what is happening to friends and neighbours. 4. In some of your readings, you must change your speed from fast to slow to fast, as you go along. You need to read certain pages rapidly and then slow down and do more careful readings when you come to important ideas which must be remembered. 1. According to the passage, your reading speed depends on ________. A. whether the reading material is easy or difficult B. what you are reading C. what your purpose in reading something is D. both B and C  2. If one wants to be relaxed by reading, one should take up ________. A. a story book B. a book on science and technology C. news, letters from friends D. some material full of information  3. Which of the following readings should you read slowly and carefully? A. Fairy tales. B. Aesop’s Fables. C. Directions for use of a machine D. An evening paper.  4. Which of the following can best express the main idea of the passage? A. How to decide your reading speed. B. How to raise your reading speed. C. How to improve your reading skills. D. How to choose your reading materials. Keys: 1. D 2. A 3. C 4. A 高考英语阅读练习(099) Mr. Fitzpatrick has given much attention to his “Weight reduction”(减轻体重) programs. Just last year, for example, when he was the main speaker at the company dinner, he said he put on twenty pounds instead of losing thirty he promised he would. The year before that, he joined a health club. He exercised every day and ate less food. At the end of three months, however, he began making excuses about why he couldn’t go there more often. After the health club failed to work, he joined Weight Watchers but stopped going because he was the only man there. And he hated following any of the diet programs. Fitz’s latest idea is to join a walking club to “walk off” the weight. 1. Mr. Fitzpatrick was ________ when spoke at the company dinner last year. A. lighter than the year before B. planning to go on a diet C. heavier than the year before D. with the Weight Watchers  2. He did not stay with Weight Watchers because ________. A. he couldn’t do as the diet programs required him B. he felt uncomfortable being watched by women C. the members of Weight Watchers were all women but him D. both A and C  3. Which of the following can best explain the main idea of the passage? A. There is no good way to lose weight. B. One can do nothing without a strong will. C. There are different ways to lose weight. D. Walking is the best way of losing weight. Keys: 1. C 2. D 3. B 高考英语阅读练习(100) What makes one person more intelligent than another? What makes one person a genius, like the brilliant Albert Einstein, and another person a fool? Are people born intelligent or stupid, or is intelligence the result of where and how you live? These are very old questions and the answers to them are still not clear. We know, however, that just being born with a good mind is not enough. In some ways, the mind is like a leg or an arm muscle. It needs exercise. Mental (done with the mind) exercise is particularly important for young children. Many child psychologists (心理学家) think that parents should play with their children more often and give them problems to think about. The children are then more likely to grow up bright and intelligent. If, on the other hand, children are left alone a great deal with nothing to do, they are more likely to become dull and unintelligent. Parents should also be careful with what they say to young children. According to some psychologists, if parents are always telling a child that he or she is a fool or an idiot, then the child is more likely to keep doing silly and foolish things. So it is probably better for parents to say very positive (helpful) things to their children, such as “That was a very clever thing you did.” or “You are such a smart child.” 1. The words “intelligent” and “brilliant” in the first paragraph probably mean _______ while “dull” in the second paragraph means ________. A. bright and splendid; slow in thinking and understanding B. pretty and handsome; ordinary-looking C. great and important; common D. hopeful and helpful; careless  2. According to the context we can guess that a genius is ________ while an idiot is ________. A. a normal person; a funny person B. a strong person; a weak person C. a highly intelligent person; a foolish or weak-minded person D. a famous person; an ordinary person  3. A person ________ is more likely to become a genius. A. whose parents are clever B. often thinking about difficult problems C. often helped by his parents and teachers D. born with a good brain and putting it into active use  4. It is better for parents ________. A. to praise and encourage their children more often B. to be hard on their children C. to leave their children alone with nothing to do D. to give their children as much help as possible  5. Which of the following is NOT true according to the article? A. Parents play an important part in their children’s growth. B. The less you use your mind the duller you may become. C. Intelligence is obviously the result of where and how you live. D. What makes a person bright or stupid is still under discussion. Keys: 1. A 2. C 3. D 4. A 5. C 选校网 www.xuanxiao.com 高考频道 专业大全 历年分数线 上万张大学图片 大学视频 院校库 (按ctrl 点击打开)

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